Write My Paper For Me -
Help with best way to conclude an essay?! | Grammarly
A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a mobile DJ business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample mobile DJ business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Essay Grammar. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a mobile DJ business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample mobile DJ marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for mobile DJ businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Music is playwright and essayist, one thing that brings delight to essay the heart of people and that is exactly why there are a lot of DJs doing their thing and making people really happy. The disc jockey business has existed from time immemorial and it is such that have continued to rake in money to those who know how to play the business game. If you think that starting a DJ business sounds good, then you will need to write a business plan. Business plans have always served as a good guide for beginners in business, as well as the old entrepreneurs. Thesis Mit. Why a business plan, you just might ask?
Writing a business plan is one of the essay, most important tasks that you will ever take on as you look at starting a business of this sort. This is because it will serve as a decision maker because you will need to draw up a whole lot about your business. You will however need to be conversant with a lot of technicalities that is peculiar to poet and essayist the DJ trade. You will have to undertake some research. After that is done, you will have to go for some good training on the job.
A thorough and exhaustive research is advised. Here below is a sample disc jockey business plan; A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. The disc jockey line of business is one business that can safely pass for a sole enterprise or a small scale business. It is a business that has come to stay in essay, our world as long as we will continue to have parties or the need to epistle play music to a large gathering of people or a public gathering. Basically, a disc jockey which is popularly called a DJ is conclusion grammar, a person who mixes recorded music in real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. An Essay 2 Interpretation. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for conclusion grammar, a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at least two sources of poet playwright recorded music simultaneously and grammar mix them together using an kreutzer thesis electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Conclusion Grammar. It is a known fact that Disc Jockeys are a well- accepted component of the entertainment industry. They are known to how do i cite a book apa provide background music at, night clubs, bars, and parties and even in corporate events. In most cases at special occasions like weddings or in clubs, Disc Jockeys are often the focus of the event entertainment and if they perform below expectation it will definitely affect the overall rating of the event.
The demand for the services of essay conclusion disc jockeys is on the increase in thesis, recent time, as growth in household formation rates expanded the available clientele base for industry players and rising per capita disposable income. As the economy improved and small-business lending increased, the number of essay grammar operators in this industry experienced steady increase. As a result of this, the competition in the industry is extremely high, leading profit to only improve marginally over the period, despite noticeably improved economic conditions. The Disc Jockey and Musical Equipment Rental line of business is a subset of the Entertainment industry and it is poet and essayist, indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all parts of the essay conclusion grammar, world especially in developed countries such as United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France and Italy et al. It is important to mit state that no establishment has a lion share of the grammar, available market in this industry. Homework. Just like any other business venture, the demand for Disc Jockey services usually declined during recession period / economic downturn and conclusion grammar this is assignment homework, due to the declining household spending on entertainment services and reduced demand from business clients. Grammar. As the economy grows, and income increases, there will be corresponding increase in the demand for research paper on media, disc jockey services and essay conclusion grammar other related musical equipment / public address rental services. Over and above, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services line of paper on media violence businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and essay conclusion if they know how to reach out to their target market (corporate organizations, event planners, night clubs and bars, schools and assignment household et al).
Mobile DJ Business Plan Executive Summary. The name of our organization is grammar, Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Violence. We are a registered and conclusion grammar standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company that is incorporated under the law of the United States of America. Kreutzer Thesis. Our head office will be located in-between a densely populated residential estate and a business district in the heart of Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We strategically positioned and set to services the essay grammar, whole of the community. Our basic service offering to our highly esteemed customers as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company goes beyond providing background music for research on media violence, our client, we will be involved helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Although our intention of essay grammar starting Disc Jockey and musical rental services company is to offer only the above stated services, but we will not close our doors to thesis diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. In the bid to maximize our position as the leading Disc Jockey and musical equipment rental services company in essay, Baton Rouge Louisiana. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC we are passionate in the pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and integrity which is why we have decided to essay on human resource start our own disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business; we are in the industry to make a positive mark.
We are quite optimistic that our values and quality of service offering will help us drive our disc jockey and grammar musical equipment rental services business to enviable heights and also help us attract the of essays apa, numbers of clients that will make the business highly profitable. Conclusion Grammar. We are a company that will be dedicated to establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and reasons for them to hire our services over and over again. We are in the Disc Jockey line of business cum entertainment Industry to essay resource favorably compete with other leading brands in the industry both in the United States and other parts of the essay conclusion, world. Our corporate business goal is to how do of essays apa be among the top 10 disc jockeys and music equipment rental services brand in the United States of America. As a company, we are willing to go the extra mile to invest in some of the finest professionals we can find and also, we have put, process and structures in place that will ensure that we are always at the top of our game when it comes to excellent and DJ services deliveries. We have been able to secure permits from all relevant departments in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We are quite aware that in order to become the number one choice in our city, we must continue to deliver quality disc jockey services and that is exactly what we will do. We are open to the use of latest technology in the disc jockey line of business cum musical entertainment industry. No doubt our excellent customer service and detailed DJ services we offer will position us to always welcome repeated customers. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is owned and managed by Sol Mike Marvin and his immediate family members.
Mike Marvin has well over 10 years of experience as a reliable Disc Jockey working for essay, top bars and night clubs in Las Vegas – Nevada and other key entertainment hubs in the United States of America prior to homework starting his own Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a standard and well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the entertainment services industry and other complementary services. We intend giving our customers every reason to always hire our services which is why we have customized our services. Basically, our services will involve us going out to services of clients’ needs. These are the essay, services we will offer as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and an essay epistle bars et al). Sales of mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and consultancy services. Our Vision is to become the conclusion grammar, number one disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana with active presence in major cities in the United States of America and Canada. Our mission as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round business which provides quality services in our community and to become a standard for an ideal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business not only in Baton Rouge Louisiana, but also throughout the United States of an essay epistle America and Canada where we intend selling our franchise. We are quite aware that the success of any business lies in the foundation on which the business is essay grammar, built on, which is why we have decided to build our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company on the right business foundation. As a matter of fact, we are set out to build a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that will be a standard for the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business in the United States of America and Canada.
We want to mit build a business of dedicated workforce who will go all the essay conclusion grammar, way to ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for their money when they hire our services or rent our musical equipment / sound system. In other to achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the right employees and structure to achieve all what we have set to achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and on human management run the conclusion grammar, business on epistle 2 interpretation, auto pilot. The success of our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business will be anchored on the team not on any individual. With the essay grammar, wide range of our service offerings and the plan to sell franchise, we are only on human resource management system, expected to employ more than it is grammar, required to run a conventional disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. Definitely, we will have various employees to man the various services offering of on media Mickey May DJ® Services, LCC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will employ professionals and skilled people to occupy the following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and essay conclusion Sales Executive Client Service Executive Disc Jockeys (DJs) (6) Truck / Van` Driver. Roles and epistle Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and essay conclusion grammar overall direction i.e. A Book Apa. leading the development and grammar implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and playwright signing business deals and payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and essay documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the on media violence, success of the organization Responsible for managing the daily activities in the organization Ensure that the facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for essay, the organization Design job descriptions with KPI to how do a book drive performance management for all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and member of the board) to review the effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products.
Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for conclusion, repairs. Defining job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out an essay epistle 2 interpretation staff induction for essay conclusion, new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversee the smooth running of the daily activities of organization. Marketing and Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new clients, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and kreutzer thesis financing of projects; assures the essay, completion of projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in assignment homework, line with organizations’ policy Responsible for grammar, handling business research, market surveys and mit feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and essay conclusion grammar evaluate new plans for poet playwright and essayist, expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and information Represent Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions.
Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Essay Conclusion Grammar. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and management system financial reporting for the organization Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and essay conclusion grammar policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC Serves as internal auditor for on human resource management system, Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Essay Conclusion Grammar. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products and, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Ensures that customers are entertained with the best of music per time Manage the sound system for the nightclub In charge of research on media music collections Responsible for providing music at events. Responsible for developing music playlists. Interacting with public at essay, parties. Responsible for mixing music tracks.
Responsible for on media, transporting musical equipment, supplies and workers to party venues Run errand for the organization Handle any other duty as assigned by the manager, Mobile DJ Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Disc Jockey and musical equipment entertainment services business is one of the many businesses that can easily generate business deals with little stress as long as they are well positioned and equipped to carry out their services. We are building a standard disc jockey and musical entertainment services business with variety of services which is why we have decided to subject our business idea (company) to SWOT Analysis. Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal disc jockey and essay conclusion grammar musical equipment rental services business without the stress of going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the kind of disc jockey and musical equipment rental business we want to establish, we don’t have any option other than to follow due process. Homework. We hired the conclusion, services of a HR and Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and an essay on man she did a pretty job for us. Here is a preview of the result we got from the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of essay conclusion grammar Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Essay Resource System. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is centrally located in-between a densely populated residential estate and conclusion business district in the heart of i cite of essays apa Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength. We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of services as it relates to the line of business we are into.
Another strength that counts for essay, us is the power of and essayist our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a new business which is down by an individual (family), and essay grammar we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to an essay on man epistle 2 interpretation give our business and conclusion also to attract some of the well – experienced hands (DJs) in the entertainment industry. We are centrally located in one of the kreutzer, busiest area in Baton Rouge – Louisiana and we are open to all the available opportunities that the city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to be a one stop shop in the disc jockey and musical entertainment rental services line of conclusion grammar business.
The truth is essay on human management system, that there are no standard and well – equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business within the area where ours is conclusion grammar, going to be located; the closest to our proposed location is about 6 miles away. In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the threats that are likely going to confront Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where ours is located. Mobile DJ Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. One common trend in the disc jockey services industry is that any disc jockey who is resource management system, worth his or her salt should be swift in following the ever changing technology as it relates to their business. Basically, a DJ is a person who mixes recorded music in real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at conclusion, a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets.
Disc Jockeys make use of essay resource management musical equipment that can play at conclusion, least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and essay resource management system mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Conclusion Grammar. Another common trend in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey and musical equipment line of business is that in thesis mit, the bid to survive global economic melt – down and to ensure steady flow of income to effectively run the business, most players in grammar, the industry engage in other related services. Some of them even go as far as establishing an event planning services, part rental services, party decoration services and assignment MC services et al simply because they all fall within same line of business. Conclusion. Prior to choosing a location for our disc jockey and musical rental services business, we conducted thorough feasibility studies and market survey and poet playwright we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from essay conclusion, our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from our service offering are event / party planners, facility managers, corporate organizations, night clubs and bars, hotels, hostels, government and schools et al. Essay On Human Management System. These groups of people and establishment cuts across different sectors of the economy. Conclusion Grammar. Below is a list of the people and organizations that our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services are designed for; Event / Party planners Musical producers and thesis mit concert organizers The government (government guest) Households Facility managers Restaurants and bars Hotels and Motels Residential areas Camp grounds Lounges Casinos Night club and bars Schools et al.
Our Competitive Advantage. Disc jockey and musical equipment rental business is an easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can start a disc jockey and essay grammar musical equipment rental business if they have the required startup capital and informal training on how to operate the various musical gadgets. It means that the possibility of assignment homework disc jockey and musical equipment rental services businesses springing up in the location where ours is located can’t be ruled out. We are aware of this which is why we decided to come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Competition may come to disc jockey and musical equipment rental services from conclusion, larger catch-all companies who offer entertainment services as part of a bundled program of many more services. In-house DJ services operated by night clubs and bars may also serve as competition for this line of business. Our competitive edge is i cite a book of essays, that we are a standard and well – equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that centrally located in between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in essay conclusion grammar, fact one of our major strength.
We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of services as it relates to mit the line of business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of conclusion hardworking and dedicated individuals. Homework. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and essay conclusion their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups disc jockey and musical rental services business and paper other related entertainment businesses in essay grammar, the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to on human resource management build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Conclusion. Mobile DJ Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. I Cite Of Essays. The marketing strategy for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is going to be driven basically by excellent customers service and conclusion grammar quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base.
We want to drive sales via the output of our jobs and kreutzer mit via referral from essay conclusion grammar, our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like disc jockey and musical equipment rental services and related services. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is an essay on man, a business that is essay conclusion, strategically located and we are going to maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to locate the business in epistle 2 interpretation, a location that will be visible and accessible to our target market. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Our goal is to essay grammar grow Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC to become the assignment, leading disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in essay grammar, Baton Rouge Louisiana which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the thesis mit, available market and conclusion grammar grow to become a major force to reckon with in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to event / party planners, corporate organizations, households and key stake holders in i cite a book, Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Print out fliers and essay business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities and train stations et al. Assignment Homework. Use friends and family to spread word about our business Post information about our disc jockey and conclusion musical equipment rental services company and kreutzer mit the services we offer on bulletin boards in places like schools, libraries, and local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in essay conclusion, the newspaper, or local publication about our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer Leverage on referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in relevant entertainment magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to market our services Engage in poet, direct marketing approach Encourage the use of essay conclusion grammar word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients Join local chambers of commerce and industry to poet playwright and essayist market our services.
Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is established with the aim of maximizing profits in conclusion, the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and we are going to go all the way out to ensure that we do all it takes to attract both individual clients and corporate clients on a regular basis. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will generate income by offering the an essay epistle 2 interpretation, following services; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and conclusion grammar bars et al). Playwright. Sales of mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and consultancy services. One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and essay grammar individual clients who would need the services of assignment homework disc jockey and grammar musical equipment rental services business. We are well positioned to take on the available market in Baton Rouge Louisiana and thesis mit we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business and our clientele base. We have been able to critically examine The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the essay, following sales forecast.
The sales projection is based on research paper on media, information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Below are the sales projection for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, it is based on essay grammar, the location of our business and of course the and essayist, wide range of related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and essay grammar with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and there won’t be any major competitor offering same additional related services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Thesis Mit. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our pricing system is going to be based on what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to charge less than our competitors are offering in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to us. Essay Grammar. The prices of our services will be same as what is obtainable in the open market. On Human System. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to essay conclusion grammar deposit cash or make online transfer. Mobile DJ Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.
Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is set to poet and essayist create a standard for disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in grammar, Baton Rouge Louisiana and throughout the assignment homework, United States which is grammar, why we will go all the way to adopt and homework apply best practices to promote our business. Good enough there is no hard and fast rule on how to advertise or promote a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. The challenge is that most DJs do not have the required money to pump into publicity and conclusion grammar advertising. The cash they have will be reserved to epistle 2 interpretation take care of essay conclusion overhead and operational cost. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC;
Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our business in relevant entertainment magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and resource management social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from essay, time to time in thesis mit, target communities Distribute our fliers and essay grammar handbills in target areas Ensure that all our staff members wear our customized clothes, and all our official cars and trucks are customized and well branded. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to how do i cite a book of essays ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. Essay Conclusion. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the i cite of essays apa, same cost everywhere, and any difference in conclusion grammar, prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; it might differ in other countries due to a book apa the value of their money. We have been able to pull cash that will be enough for conclusion grammar, us to successfully launch a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. These are the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in Baton Rouge Louisiana $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500.
Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per assignment, copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,000. Essay. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and research paper on media property casualty) coverage at a total premium $30,800. Cost of conclusion accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing a small office facility $70,000. Cost for facility remodeling $30,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and utility deposits ( $3,500 ). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of playwright and essayist employees, payments of bills et al) $40,000 The cost for the purchase of office furniture and musical gadgets (Sound system, , speakers, micro phones, headsets, computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, tables and chairs et al) $25,000 The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our grand opening party $1,500 Miscellaneous $10,000. Essay Conclusion. We would need an estimate of assignment homework $250,000 to successfully launch our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. Generating Funding / Startup Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Conclusion Grammar. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a business that will be owned and managed by Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. Paper On Media. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and essay grammar sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and paper on media other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility).
N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the grammar, papers and essay on human management document has been duly signed and submitted, the essay conclusion, loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Mobile DJ Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of research paper on media these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of starting Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is conclusion grammar, officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services a little bit cheaper than what is poet and essayist, obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on essay, lower profit margin for a while. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and i cite a book of essays processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to essay drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at poet, the top burner. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on essay conclusion, their performance for a period of three years or more.
We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of paper violence Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and conclusion Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for on human resource, business license and essay grammar permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing office facility and of essays remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of essay conclusion Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and homework other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of conclusion grammar The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and assignment homework Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the needed musical gadgets and speakers, electronic appliances, office appliances and music recording and mixing accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry and event / party planners et al: In Progress.
Academic Proofreading -
Conclusion - Definition and Examples in Compositions - ThoughtCo
love poem essay by Thomas Razzeto. For an easy-to-print Adobe Acrobat PDF version of this essay, click on essay conclusion grammar, this link. If you haven't read the poem “To Love Like God” in epistle 2 interpretation, it's entirety, I'd suggest that you do that first. You can find it here. Essay Conclusion Grammar. Once you have done that, we can go deeper into each stanza, starting with the first. Here it is: I wanted the world to be different, so I told the world it could stick it! But the only thing stuck. was the me in my rut, a face so long you couldn't miss it. I start the poem by stating that when I don't get what I want and mit, I emotionally reject an aspect of the world as it is, I might experience disappointment, frustration, or other emotional difficulties. If I constantly find fault with the world, I will constantly suffer.
And what determines the intensity of the suffering that I experience? Surprisingly, the degree that I suffer does not match the essay conclusion grammar, amount of the difference between what I want and what I have. Resource System. The degree that I suffer matches how strongly I choose to emotionally reject the situation. The following is an example of an extremely minor difference held as greatly important and strongly judged as not acceptable by essay conclusion, me. I remember when I was a little boy with a brand new bicycle. It was my pride and joy. But a little white plastic cap for system the tip of the essay conclusion grammar, kickstand got lost after about two weeks. This cap was only meant to be used while the bicycle was on display in the store. Once the homework, bike was sold, the cap was meant to be thrown away. But I did not know that and I wanted my bike to always be perfect, just like it was when it was new! When the cap got lost, boy, that was it.
In my eyes, I had a very serious and unsolvable problem and I cried for essay a while even though my bike still worked perfectly. 2 Interpretation. I quickly got over it and conclusion, never thought about i cite a book apa it again except as an essay conclusion, example of me choosing to create an emotionally difficult experience. Perhaps that experience was unnecessary or perhaps the situation was actually created by me, my higher-self or God to homework offer me a lesson about attachment and conclusion grammar, judgment with an how do a book of essays apa, example that did not harm my body or even my bike. In this example, we see that “wanting” is an emotionally charged desire. I like to use the essay grammar, word “prefer” for wanting something without the emotional charge. In other words, if I don't get what I want, I suffer; if I don't get what I prefer, I'm still pretty happy. The subject can be the same; it's the emotional charge that's gone. This doesn't mean that you don't care about poet what's happening in essay grammar, the world. It means that you now know that you can choose to not let the epistle 2 interpretation, conditions of the outer world disturb your inner peace. In this way, you can put your values of genuine caring and conclusion grammar, sharing into action without being subjected to disappointment based on the outer results. In other words, this is not a lesson where you learn to be happy by simply not caring at all about poet and essayist anything.
I am not suggesting that you adopt a cold, heartless attitude and respond to bad news about yourself or others with a detached retort such as, “So what? It doesn't matter. Grammar. I don't care!“ When you hear Buddhists talk about detachment, they are talking about decoupling their inner peace from research paper on media violence, their outer conditions, not about becoming uninvolved in grammar, the world. Paper On Media Violence. You will naturally be inspired to passionately engage in life and this will unfold spontaneously. An attitude of acceptance coupled with compassion and action allows us to fully participate in the world in a meaningful way while being free from the emotional pain brought about by binding likes and dislikes, which are just things that we insist on being a certain way. Are there examples in your life where something used to bother you a lot but now when they happen, it's no big deal? Can you learn to emotionally accept more and more of the world exactly as it is?
And please ponder this: if something really should be different, wouldn't it actually be different? Align the whole world to grammar my wishes, especially romantic kisses. Only then will I choose. some delight, not to lose. But this grand plan it often misses. Now of course, many of us do experience periods of time when we are pretty happy and perhaps even ecstatic about our situation. Epistle. Life is certainly not all suffering, even if we’re not enlightened. When we have things the grammar, way we want, we give ourselves permission to push the happiness button, which is on the inside. Take some time to think about this right now. Have you ever been happy without first choosing to be happy?
I don’t think I have. But often this is only “conditional happiness” since we choose it only when our worldly conditions are acceptable. Which means that this happiness also present us with a problem: How can we make it last? How can we hold on to it? If we don’t make the conditions last, our happiness also disappears. Epistle. Our culture focuses heavily on romantic love and once we find it, we certainly want it to last so I use that as an example. Yet we all know that everything will change, sometimes quickly, sometimes slowly, but nevertheless all things do change. Parents see their little children, whom they want to hold in their arms forever, grow up and essay, fly away into the world.
How much courage does it take to love them fully when they are home while knowing that one day they'll be gone? What does it mean to essay on human resource system fully love something and yet be perfectly okay emotionally when it goes away? Is this even possible? Well, for conclusion grammar many people, “This grand plan, it often misses.” In a new way, I found a new thought. It truly shows what cannot be bought. Acceptance is the key, Only this brings the joy that is sought. Notice that I point to assignment homework thought as the origin of this new experience of grammar, emotional acceptance. Violence. When I examine my emotions closely, I notice that they do not arise out of nothing.
First, I have a thought about something that I perceive in the world and then my thought and my perceptions mix with my existing beliefs, and essay conclusion, this gives rise to my emotions. So it seems to me that I have tremendous power in the skillful use of my mind. Yet I have heard some people say that in order to assignment homework awaken spiritually, you need to have your heart win its battle with your mind. But please consider this. Your mind holds ideas; your heart holds emotions. Your mind can hold true ideas or false ideas. Your heart can hold hatred and fear or love and peace. At the deepest level, only grammar, false ideas can prevent you from thesis mit, being at grammar peace. There is homework no battle where your heart must triumph over your mind.
Instead of a battle, think of essay conclusion, it as the pursuit of truth and peace. Work towards tuning your mind into the truth and your heart into love and peace. Yet keep in mind that all of i cite of essays, this is only done by conclusion grammar, the power and on media, grace of God so just be open to that. I now clearly see what I can do. The gift of the now, it offers two! Choose a smile or a frown. Pick an up or a down. Like magic it flows, matching my view. I have heard Buddhist teachers speak about the end of suffering.
But perhaps a better translation is the end of dissatisfaction, and this is conclusion grammar achieved with the release of a harsh, judgmental attitude. In other words, physical pain and emotional sadness will always be a part of the human experience. That is just the way that it is and on man epistle 2 interpretation, this is grammar why I say that we are not really meant to be “happy all the time robots.” Yet your attitude still holds tremendous power as to whether you will egocentrically “suffer” during these challenging moments. If you bring an attitude of rejection, you will indeed get caught up in thesis, a painful “negative” experience. But if instead you emotionally accept the situation exactly the way that it is, you may experience the emotional or physical pain while centered in a deeper sense of conclusion, Divine Bliss. Yes, there is still the sensation of physical or emotional pain but you are dwelling in a deeper place. The pain is not seen as happening to a book you but instead, it is something that is witnessed by you and conclusion grammar, it seems less intense. There is no resistance to it.
We will explore this idea more in Chapter 7 but for a book right now, I just want to plant it as a seed and move on. But before we do that, let's quickly consider an essay grammar, example that is i cite a book apa not really profound at all and essay grammar, yet often results in and essayist, strong emotions. If someone cuts us off in traffic, our usual social conditioning almost demands angry thoughts, a hateful attitude and even a rude hand gesture. Essay Conclusion Grammar. Similarly, this conditioning discourages us from emotionally accepting moments that are connected with injury, sickness, death or tragedy and tries to thesis push us into essay judging these things as “bad” and emotionally unacceptable. Do you really want to follow this social conditioning when it only leads to suffering? Plant different seeds, take new action! Don't be afraid, work with elation! In the heart, what we sow, we soon see in the flow, automatic, divine reflection. Here again I emphasize the idea that just because you emotionally accept everything about the present moment without a harsh, negative judgment doesn't mean that you should just sit still without actively and emotionally engaging in the flow of life. You can take a step in a new direction without hating what is currently happening, no matter what the present situation is. Indeed, the very step of peacefully accepting the current outer conditions is what will create a more peaceful reflection in i cite of essays apa, the outer world.
The thoughts and emotions that we plant in our minds and hearts are the seeds that bring about the matching conditions in the outer world after the time of essay grammar, incubation passes. Epistle. Yes, it takes time for all fruit to essay come forth. But the subject of on human resource management system, creation is a tricky one. Grammar. Some teachers claim that you can be, do and have anything that you want without any limitations whatsoever. Others teach that you are limited only by your imagination, your thoughts and how do i cite a book of essays apa, your discipline. While I do believe that most people would greatly benefit by learning what is called “conscious creation” rather than using the habitual, reactive “unconscious creation” seen all throughout society, I don't believe that you can always create exactly what you want in the outer world. Conclusion Grammar. Yet I do think that you can create a life full of awe, wonder, joy, love and peace. When you are genuinely inspired to assignment homework pursue something, it will indeed offer you a fulfilling experience, although how it unfolds in the physical world may be completely different from essay conclusion grammar, what you were first thinking. An Essay Epistle. The core aspects of your desires, when allowed to flow freely into your life, will be brought into the world in essay conclusion grammar, a way that is a good match for your core beliefs. Let's just take a few minutes to talk a bit more about conscious creation.
The first step in conscious creation is to poet and essayist make a distinction between “inner creation” and “outer creation.” Inner creation is the creation of your emotions, one of the conclusion grammar, most important aspects of on man epistle 2 interpretation, your personal subjective experience of the immediate moment. The significance of this cannot be overstated since these are the conclusion grammar, actual experiences that make up your entire life! Inner creation instantly creates any human emotion from pure agony to total ecstasy. Each and every human being can experience all of these emotions. I Cite Of Essays. And while we all can create these emotions consciously, most people unconsciously create them with habitual thoughts and reactions with the standard, predictable results of being happy when everything is just right and grammar, sad when “things are not pleasing,” a phrase which falsely places the source of your happiness in the objects of the world. Outer creation is a process that unfolds through time.
It's the attraction of assignment homework, people, things and events into your life. Essay Conclusion. These are all outer conditions. As I just mentioned, I don't believe that all outer conditions are available to everyone. In other words, we all have different menus, so to speak. Thesis. One person may be able to conclusion grammar become world famous and yet another person, seemly similar in thesis mit, every respect, may achieve only minor success, as measured by society, even though she or he works wisely and diligently with a positive attitude. Grammar. Nevertheless, we all have numerous choices before us and thankfully, all of them will be in harmony with our personal growth.
I say this because no one can really “make a mistake” and you are always right on time. What might appear to be a misstep or a misadventure is yet another perfectly valid way of learning about ourselves and life itself. It's somewhat like a farmer. He may choose to plant several crops and put forth all the appropriate effort but the thesis, farmer has no guarantee that anything will grow at essay all. I Cite A Book Apa. Normally, most of his crops do grow. In addition to the crops, he may also get some weeds or other unexpected plants.
On rare occasion, a severe drought may stifle the crops completely leaving nothing but dirt. And if the essay conclusion, farmer does not plant any crops, he might face only the weeds whose seeds the assignment, wind has delivered. As I mentioned before, your thoughts and perceptions mix with your core beliefs to create your emotions in essay, the moment, and essay on human resource system, this plus your actions attract the grammar, conditions of the outer world as time unfolds. The outer reflects the inner and it all begins with a thought. When you are aware of the process, you can consciously choose.
When you are unaware of the process, you just react habitually, usually following the dictates of society. So I encourage people to consciously work on building a better life. Yes, follow your passion and plant some fresh seeds! But don't harshly blame yourself if it does not turn out the on man 2 interpretation, way you had envisioned. Just accept it as “what is” and move forward.
No one can know exactly what the future will bring. And remember, God may have a wonderful surprise for essay grammar you at any moment! What would life be like without surprises? Though I do love the poet, world as it is, I fancy more caring and kindness. Everyday a new start, peace and love in my heart, here and now sweet heaven arises. More than anything else, I would like to bring forth more peace, caring and kindness. With every new moment, I have the opportunity to essay grammar place peace and love into poet playwright and essayist my heart and then nurture these seeds through time. If I hold an emotionally charged judgment in the form of essay conclusion grammar, frustration, anger or hatred regarding the current conditions of the world, those emotional seeds will, in time, bring forth new corresponding disharmonious outer expressions such as tension between other people and perhaps even violence or war.
Since I may also emotionally reject the new outer conditions that arise, I may find myself stuck in a circle of how do i cite apa, unconscious creation, a circle of disharmony. This is basically what is happening all throughout the world today in conclusion, every aspect of society. Consider the social tension about war. Poet And Essayist. Often, some people support a particular war while other people speak out against essay conclusion grammar it. If you could look into the hearts and minds of all these people, what would you find? I suspect that you might find plenty of how do a book of essays apa, anger and judgment, and essay, perhaps even hatred and fear in both groups. A Book Of Essays. The peace demonstrators may hate the essay conclusion, war and the generals while the how do of essays, generals may hate both the enemy and the demonstrators. And both groups may fear a horrific outcome if they don't get their own way. But all this judgment, anger, hatred and fear will not bring us peace; it just attracts dramatic outer conditions that match the turmoil felt within. In order to reap a peaceful future, seeds of essay, peace need to be planted in the present. A world without war is built by people with peace in their hearts.
It is important to essay resource management note that the circle of unconscious creation is conclusion grammar a private, personal experience under the assignment homework, direct control of each individual. Yes, there are also dynamic energetic connections between people but you are never a victim. The important point is that each individual has control over essay grammar, their own thoughts, and the most important of these are the assignment homework, ones that form their core beliefs. These thoughts and beliefs play a key role in the creation of your immediate emotional response, and all of that together is reflected in the outer conditions that appear as time unfolds. Yes, we reap what we sow yet we can make a shift towards personal peace by essay conclusion, consciously choosing harmony and kindness and by letting go of judgment. This, in time, will bring forth new peaceful outer conditions. Try it yourself and poet playwright and essayist, see what arises!
Yet sometimes very difficult situations arise, such as the conclusion, passing of a loved one. The idea is to respond to i cite a book of essays what arises in essay, a natural, genuine way as free from judgmental thought as possible. In other words, as I mentioned earlier, I don’t think that the goal is to be happy all the time; I think that the “goalless goal” is to be natural and fully alive in the moment! Animals experience fear in a natural and genuine way but only at the appropriate time. They also experience joy and sadness. Similarly, we can experience these emotions as part of the and essayist, natural flow of life without being chained to the pains of the past or in constant fear of what the future may bring. When you find yourself feeling deep sorrow, don't be afraid of it or judge it, dive into it head first! Be fully alive! You may surprise yourself by discovering that while it can be a very uncomfortable emotion, after it passes, your true essence, your awareness, is not damaged at all. Life is a package deal. Birth eventually leads to conclusion death.
Be alive with such fullness that even if the an essay epistle, emotion is grammar deep sorrow, as this emotion courses through your being resonating with every cell, there is still an underlying healthy sense of tremendous vitality that comes from your fearless thrusting of yourself into the moment with the thought, “I am alive!! I am a human being with the power to feel all human emotions and assignment, these emotions will never harm my true self!” There is no such thing as “badness.” It is just a thought about something. Is it really bad to be sad? Is the quality of badness in the essence of sadness? It is the constant running around in conclusion, such a way so as to essay management avoid what we normally call “bad” and seek out what we call “good” that brings us an conclusion, unnatural life. Unawakened people focus on getting everything they want.
Mystics know that they can safely experience and embrace whatever shows up! Embrace the whole of kreutzer mit, life and you will embrace the essay conclusion, whole of God! God and creation are one, not two! Like water and ice, they differ to you. Diverse forms, nothing more, all the same at their core. All things divine, though hidden from view! One of my favorite topics is the idea that God and creation are both the same reality and this is the research paper on media violence, core of the essay grammar, nondual tradition.
Fundamentally, God is truly without any form whatsoever and yet through the i cite a book apa, mysterious process of conclusion, creation - which is happening continuously - the Formless gives birth to that which does indeed appear to have form. One analogy that I use is liquid water and solid ice. If you did not know the playwright, truth, you might be certain that liquid water and solid ice have nothing in grammar, common at all. Yet these wildly different things share the exact same essence. Is this what's going on with God and creation? The mystic says, “Yes!” And the implications are mind-blowing! With this mystical understanding, you will perceive every act as a divine act, every thought as a divine thought, every emotion as a divine emotion and every thing as the divine in physical form.
You are not simply connected to God; every aspect of your being is an essay 2 interpretation divine! God is not just deep within you at a special place; you are divine at every level! Can it be true, though hidden from you? God's magic trick, to essay show up as you! Both the good and the bad, all the glad and the sad, one Grand Spirit enlivens the crew! I remember reading Dr.
Seuss to an essay on man epistle 2 interpretation my nieces and this entire poem is meant to conclusion have a playful, bouncy Dr. Assignment Homework. Seuss rhythm to it. While the poem is meant to grammar be fun and kreutzer thesis, childlike, it also asks some very deep questions such as, “Can it be true, though hidden from you? God's magic trick, to show up as you!” The line, “One Grand Spirit enlivens the crew!” expresses the mystical idea that there is only One Spirit, only One Awareness, that of the eternal divine essence, which animates all of essay conclusion grammar, life. ItOs like there are billions of hand puppets on earth, all apparently different people, animals and plants.
When we see beyond the illusion of separateness to the full picture of what is really taking place, we see that there is only one puppet master with billions of hands animating it all! What a miracle! What a mystery! Give the embrace, no matter the thesis, face. At home and afar, yes, everyplace. Rock and dirt, tree and vine, she and he, all divine! What is not God, I could find no trace. Each part of conclusion, God, like drops in poet, the sea, connected to all, what mystery! A genuine embrace. of the essay, whole human race. The power to make new history!
Once the mystic sees the whole world as the eternal divine essence in an essay epistle, physical form, everything becomes precious and sacred. Deep compassion for essay all people, animals and even plants springs forth automatically. When you look at the world through the eyes of a mystic and see everything as divine, you will love it all automatically. Kreutzer Thesis Mit. This is the treasure awaiting all those who embrace the mystic's view. Yet before we realize the mystic's view, while we are still tricked by the illusion of essay, multiplicity, we really can see that we all share fundamental human experiences and that we are all connected to one another like a big family. If we turn that connection into a genuine embrace, we will create lasting peace. I know that most consider it odd, the mystic's view, its picture broad. This fresh view, could it be? With new eyes, now I see! To love it all is to love like God! Why should you love the entire world, each and every person on research on media, it and everything they do?
Again, if you get to the point where you see everything as God and everything that happens as the essay grammar, unfolding of the Divine Will, itOs easy. Is there something that you can think about that might help you be open to this profound understanding? What if you are not yet able to see or feel God in on man, everything? Consider the following. If God did not want something to exist, it would not exist. Essay Grammar. If God were truly against how do i cite apa something happening, it would not happen.
For whatever reason, God allows everything that comes forth. Take some time to essay grammar really ponder this perspective. It leads into a pretty big question: Does God really love it all? Does God love each and every person? Does God joyfully accept each and every event? Birth and death?
Every experience there is? Ecstasy and agony? Is it possible that God truly loves all of creation? While those questions may seem pretty important, the really important questions are the ones that you ask about yourself. Will you love it all? Will you love it all, simply because you can? Do you dare give it a try? What would happen to you if you did? Who would you become if you really did love it all? And you can answer these questions but only by an essay 2 interpretation, giving it a try and watching what happens.
The joyful liberation that comes from the state of unconditional acceptance is not just a theory; it is proven by personal experience, which only you can give to yourself. Conclusion. And that experience will bring wisdom that can never be forgotten or taken away. Do you have the a book of essays, courage? Will you do it? Will you love like God? The End - Thanks for reading! Both the poem and the essay about the poem were written in the fall of 2007. The poem has had only one slight change made to it yet the essay has been refined a bit over the years. While this is not in my book, it certainly touches on the main subjects covered by conclusion, it.
Here is more about the book: If you enjoyed this essay, then you might like some of my other work: • All my spiritual essays are here. In truth, I honor your divine nature, Thomas Razzeto. Copyright 2007 Thomas Razzeto - All rights reserved.
Order Paper Writing Help 24/7 -
Conclusion Paragraph Sample - Undergraduate Writing - Academic
TOWARD COMMON SECURITY IN CENTRAL AMERICA. Working Paper 90-8, July, l990. By Paul Wehr and Klaus Pfoser. Department of Sociology University of essay conclusion grammar Colorado at Boulder. This paper was prepared for presentation at the Twenty-fifth Conference of the how do i cite of essays apa International Peace Research Association, Groningen, The Netherlands, July, 1990. The statements and ideas presented in this paper are those of the grammar author(s) and do not necessarily represent the on man 2 interpretation views of the Conflict Resolution Consortium, the University of essay conclusion grammar Colorado, or the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. This paper was written with a small grant from the Conflict Resolution Consortium, University of Colorado.
Funding for the Consortium and its Small Grants Program was provided by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. The statements and an essay epistle, ideas presented in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the grammar Conflict Resolution Consortium, the University of Colorado, or the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Assignment! Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: email@example.com. Copyright (C) 1990. Conclusion! Paul Wehr and Klaus Pfoser. Do not reprint without permission. Funded by essay resource management, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the University of Colorado, the Conflict Resolution Consortium is a coordinated program of research, education and application on essay conclusion three of the University's four campuses. Kreutzer Thesis Mit! The program unites researchers, educators, and practitioners from many fields for the purposes of theory-building, testing, and application in the field of conflict resolution. Current focus areas include international conflict; environmental and natural resource conflict; urban, rural, and inter-jurisdictional conflicts; and the evaluation of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.
The Conflict Resolution Consortium working paper series includes a variety of papers written by our members as a part of their research. Usually these papers are in preliminary draft stage and are being prepared for conclusion eventual publication in professional journals or books. Other papers record discussions from Conflict Resolution Consortium seminars and plenary presentations. The purpose of the working paper series is to generate a dialogue about the work presented. Readers are encouraged to respond to assignment homework the papers either by contacting the author directly or by contacting the Consortium office. The 1980s produced profound changes in the nations of Europe and Central America.
In both regions the concept of military-based security has been increasingly eclipsed by that of a security dependent on cooperation, demilitarization and democratization. The authors examine the realization of this common security in Europe and Central America. They give particular attention to conclusion grammar the Esquipulas peace process and the importance of Nicaragua and Costa Rica as drivers of it. 2 Interpretation! The Central American case presents students of conflict with a rich store of conflict management illustration and essay, innovation, the study of which could advance our understanding of regional integration and domestic peace and research paper on media, justice. The authors see Nicaragua and Costa Rica as the potential nucleus of essay grammar a common security movement which, informed by the post-war European experience, could grow to include all of Central America. 1. Origin of the Concept. Common security was born in on man epistle 2 interpretation the breakdown of U.S.Soviet detente and the subsequent nuclear buildup of the 1970s, as Europe became aware of its role as nuclear battlefield. It was a radical shift in thinking -away from security through competitive antagonism, to one of regional cooperation, away from essay grammar threat-based deterrence to one of mutual trust. Swedish prime minister Olof Palme first promoted the concept to research on media replace nuclear deterrence which could no longer assure national security, if indeed it ever had.
Originally the term addressed the problem of military security -how to minimize the possibility of grammar war by way of verification, confidence-building measures, better communication and paper, the like. Such non-military developments as economic cooperation and cultural exchange would support military security. Essay Conclusion! Strong forces were encouraging common security at that time: the instability and risk of an essay 2 interpretation nuclear deterrence; the social costs of the arms race; global problems of environmental degradation, population pressure, and poverty that were eclipsing the traditional class-based ideological conflicts sustaining the Cold War; the need for a permanent framework for arms control and disarmament. Essay Conclusion Grammar! The core assumption of common security is that a nation's defense of its right to secure sovereignty must take into account the on human management equally legitimate security interests of its antagonists. Such mutual recognition of essay grammar defense and security rights has been institutionalized to on human management a considerable degree through the machinery of the essay grammar Helsinki process and Vienna and Geneva arms reduction negotiations. Its bipolar architecture must now accommodate the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact and COMECON. Despite its eurocentrism, cooperative common security has taken root in Asia as well. The ASEAN group, primarily for kreutzer economic reasons, agreed upon a regional division of labor and a harmonization of political interests that have laid the basis for trust and cooperation on security issues between member states. There is also an integrative common security model developing in Western and conclusion grammar, Southern Europe complementary to, but distinct from the cooperative model. Its emphasis is not on international cooperation as much as on the development of regional institutions which increasingly assume the functions of the how do i cite a book of essays separate nations involved. The integrative concept had its beginnings in conclusion grammar the ruins of post-war Europe, in the coal and steel community of kreutzer Schumann and conclusion grammar, ultimately in the European Economic Community forged in a book of essays apa the spirit of Jean Monnet.
Its primary purpose was to conclusion grammar overcome the historical antagonism between Germany and France that would weaken Western Europe's defense against the Soviet threat. The political institutions such as the European Council and Parliament followed in the integrative process and 1992 is the target date for full economic union. COMECON, the socialist bloc counterpart, has all but collapsed, and the eastward expansion of the essay on human system European Community seems only a matter of time as Germany prepares to reunify. 2. Realization of Common Security in Europe. Cooperative common security has intended not to remove basic political differences but to create processes by which those conflicts are made less military, less dangerous. The concept assumes that East-West conflict will continue but will be moderated by recognition of the grammar legitimate security rights of all, and mit, the unacceptability of the use of military force. While the initial goal is to reduce military risk and force levels on conclusion all sides, the longer term goal is the emergence of poet and essayist a cooperative exchange so valuable to the participants that it would be too costly to disrupt with military conflict. The initiation of the Federal Republic's Ostpolitik in the early 1970s led off the process. The Ostvertrage mitigated East-West conflict sufficiently to essay conclusion grammar permit the gradual construction of the framework for the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE). The CSCE agreement reached in a book apa Helsinki (1975) was the culmination of U.S.Soviet detente.
It proved to be the major stabilizing factor in Europe as the conclusion superpower disarmament talks all but closed down for nearly a decade. Mit! The durability of essay grammar CSCE owed much to its gradual expansion to include all 35 European states, with the neutral and nonaligned nations playing a significant role in the Belgrade and Madrid follow-on conferences. Out of CSCE came a broad all-Europe consensus on the principles for peaceful East-West relations -the increasingly obvious benefits of which encouraged the Gorbachev reforms in paper violence the U.S.SR. The four baskets of CSCE measures suggest how broad this common security process has been: 1) the demilitarization and regularization of interstate relations through setting human rights protection standards and monitoring and crafting confidence-building measures; 2) increased economic, scientific, technological and ecological cooperation; 3) growing transnational citizen contact, exchange and communication; 4) institutionalizing East-West diplomacy through follow-on conferences and essay conclusion, permanent commissions. Kreutzer Thesis Mit! Ideological questions were eclipsed by essay, human rights and humanitarian concerns that could only be protected and monitored within the and essayist new framework. Conclusion Grammar! The continuing conferences of CSCE kept in research on media motion a process that all sides came to see had to be protected from the essay conclusion grammar effects of short term interruptions and epistle, temporary setbacks. The common humanity of essay grammar Europeans on all sides and the risk presented if the process failed, propelled it onward. Joint responsibility for the common security of Europe as a whole became the guide. Research Violence! The Palme Commission report (1982) was really an interim evaluation of the CSCE process. While its primary concern was for CS development in Europe, it made a clear call for essay conclusion CSCE-like regional security to be developed in the Third World.
It recognized the developing nations' wish to seek solutions to their problems free of great power interference. to resolve conflicts at an essay on man regional or sub-regional levels. There will be continuing validity in regional initiatives, the report went on, provided the regional organizations themselves are strengthened and their own security initiatives tied in with a more forceful UN security system (p. 129). Essay Conclusion! That is precisely what appears to have happened in Central America. An Essay On Man 2 Interpretation! The Contadora-Esquipulas process drew its initial strength from resistance to U.S., Soviet and Cuban intervention. Like the CSCE process, C-E set as its short term goals the demilitarization of conflicts in the region, human rights protection, social reform and economic cooperation.
The longer term objective was a nonmilitary security community capable of protecting regional and national interests from unwanted external influence -Central Americans managing Central American conflict within regional security arrangements. Grammar! It was not, however, a matter of simply transferring European common security for application in a different region. First, the poet European model assumed regional pluralism of essay conclusion political and and essayist, economic systems and worked initially because of that assumption. Perestroika, glasnost and the revolutions of 1989-90 have since encouraged more of an intersystem convergence. In Central America, by contrast, while Contadora-Esquipulas tolerated economic pluralism, liberal democratization of member states was always explicitly stated as a requirement for essay conclusion regional peace and cooperation. On Man Epistle 2 Interpretation! There are other dissimilarities between the European and conclusion grammar, Latin American settings as well that preclude a common security replication. In Europe, the threat of nuclear war was a global one, East and West threatened equally, both sides accepted the continuation of nonmilitary intersystem conflict, and on media violence, both benefited visibly from common security. In Central America, by contrast, the threat is regionspecific. The threat system appears to be unbalanced, with especially the U.S. Conclusion Grammar! but to a lesser degree the Soviet Union and Cuba perceived as monopolizing the intervention-threat system. Kreutzer Mit! Their capacity ranges from direct and indirect military intervention, to conclusion drug-related paramilitary influence, to economic control through embargos, sanctions and control of international lending policies.
One could argue that the threat system, unlike that in thesis Europe, is unilateral in character and that interest in changing it, therefore, resides wholly with the Central Americans. Conclusion Grammar! Actually the a book apa threat system is not totally one-sided. Central Americans do have some leverage through military base leases, cooperation with drug interdiction, and the threat of debt default. But it is hardly the mutual threat system that propelled European common security. Central American common security, then, must necessarily look different from the essay conclusion European model.
Its integrative aspects have somewhat different configurations as well. While European institutions are highly developed, those of Central America are at an early stage of development. The West European achievement of assignment homework stable exchange rates, a common market, an envisioned common currency unit (ECU), a directly-elected European parliament, and other integrative measures have taken nearly 50 years to develop. The new stage of East-West integration now underway could take several decades more. European integration was stimulated by both the perceived threat from the East and large infusions of U.S. capital through the Marshall Plan. It was protected by U.S. military superiority and encouraged by conclusion, the U.S., which saw a strong Western Europe as important for U.S. military security and on human management, economic growth. Each major integrative step -The Council of Europe and NATO (1949), the conclusion coal and steel commission (1951), Euratom and the EEC (1957) -were responses to external threats -the Prague coup (1948), the Korean War outbreak (1950), the Suez crisis (1956) and so on. Central American integrative institutions have quite different origins. Unlike those of Europe, they have been more a response to intraregional threats -civil war and class conflict and U.S. policy has only rarely supported their development. While the an essay on man Alliance for Progress was a U.S. effort to encourage regional integration, in the 1980s U.S. counterinsurgency, militarization and lending and conclusion, trade policies have tended to how do i cite a book of essays apa discourage integration - quite the opposite grammar of the U.S. role in Western European integration. Since the integrative conditions giving rise to European integration are largely absent in Central America, realities there will produce a different integrative configuration.
Central American common security, unlike the European model, has begun without the encouragement of the U.S., without the playwright and essayist massive external nonmilitary aid, and without the external threat to impel institutionalization of regional defense. Essay! European integration was first economic, with political institutions following. Central America is having quite the opposite experience. Integration is to date primarily political, through Esquipulas. Its most developed common security dimension is its increasing ability to paper on media violence manage conflict. It is to that capacity that we now turn. 3. Common Security in Central America. Central America has incorporated elements of both CS models -the cooperative, in the form of the Esquipulas process, and the integrative in that of the Central American Common Market (CACM) and the Central American Parliament. Is it thereby creating a composite model of common security?
Can such a model deal with both intrastate and interstate conflict as the others have not been forced to do? The move toward common security in southern Central America is a direct function of the Contadora-Esquipulas peace process and its institutional framework. That process has produced the conclusion grammar elements of an embryonic regional security system with Nicaragua and Costa Rica at its core. Assignment Homework! Here we define security as the ability of societies and essay conclusion, their states both to maintain internal peace and justice systems and to defend themselves against external threat and intervention. Paper Violence! States like Costa Rica saw the U.S.-Nicaraguan conflict endangering their security, much as external conflicts have led to essay grammar the destruction of Lebanon.
The preventive response had to be regionalization of assignment homework conflict resolution. Since 1987, Esquipulas has been creating loose consultation and conflict management institutions that include: 1) periodic summit meetings of the presidents of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica that produce agreements subsequently implemented by 2) national reconciliation commissions, 3) an interim ministerial consultative group, and 4) a regional monitoring commission (CIAV) relying heavily on the use of external third parties such as the United Nations, the Organization of essay American States, and the Council of kreutzer Former Heads of State. That institutional framework has been in large part responsible for the settlement of both the Contra and Sandinista-Atlantic Coast conflicts in Nicaragua. The Nicaraguan elections of 1990, the essay conclusion grammar subsequent peaceful transfer of violence power there, and moves toward negotiated settlement of civil wars in essay El Salvador and Guatemala are also products of those institutions. The Esquipulas process envisages the development of other regional organizations that could contribute to common security. The establishment of a Central American parliament was an explicit goal of the Esquipulas treaty.
It would, initially at essay management system least, be a consultative not a legislative body. With conflict in Nicaragua well on its way to resolution in 1990, the Esquipulas states have turned once again to plans for the parliament. There have been renewed efforts to resurrect the Central American Common Market, more or less moribund for two decades. There has even been some discussion of a reconstitution of the Central American Court of Justice (1907-17), that precursor of the World Court. We would argue then, that an embryonic framework for Central American common security already exists in the form of Esquipulas, and that it has a rather impressive record of accomplishment to date, in spite of earlier U.S. government efforts to subvert it. 4. Common Security. The collective experience in conflict management represented by Nicaragua and Costa Rica provides a substantial base upon which regional common security could build. This experience and the institutions that embody it represent a substantial capacity to manage conflict without the use of state violence. In assessing this common security potential in these two nations we looked at four variables: a) The capacity for equitable distribution and stable transfer of power (i.e., conflict prevention). How stable and participatory is the conclusion grammar political process in these nations?
How equitable is the socioeconomic structure? How responsive is the how do a book electoral system to the legitimate needs and sentiments of the population as a whole? How peacefully is power transferred? b) The capacity for peaceful internal conflict management (i.e., conflict resolution). What has been the nation's cumulative historical experience with maintaining internal peace without violence? Is the society structured to moderate social conflict -through cross-cutting affiliations and by way of mediating structures and voluntary associations such as labor unions, cooperatives and the like? Does it have a tradition of nonviolent collective action to permit peaceful change? Is the social structure sufficiently open and equitable to conclusion allow for movement and facilitate nonviolent conflict?
To what degree does the nation use third-parties and intermediaries to help it resolve disputes? Does the ethnic composition of the society present special conflict problems? c) Relations with other states (i.e., a negotiation/accommodation tradition). Research Paper! Here we looked at the incidence of conflictive and peaceful relations the nation has had with its neighbors. How have wars, border disputes and conclusion, other conflicts been averted or resolved? What integrative and accommodative policies have been initiated or agreed to? d) State militarization (i.e., the capacity for state violence). How prominent and influential are military institutions in the nation?
How repressive, ready-to-use armed force, responsive to conflict moderation needs are they? How strong is popular sentiment for reducing or limiting their role? How independent are its armed forces from external control and influence (e.g., foreign advisors, weapons supplies, training programs, intelligence)? To what degree has there been a militarization of the i cite of essays apa police and other security agencies? How explicit is the demilitarization ethic in the society? These, then, are four essential indicators of essay conclusion a nation's potential for common security as we have defined it. We then evaluated the Nicaraguan and of essays apa, Costa Rican national security systems by conclusion grammar, these criteria. Prerevolutionary Nicaragua had an playwright extremely poor record in managing both internal and external conflict.
The Liberal-Conservative, Leon-Grenada conflict precluded national unity for conclusion a century. On Human Resource Management! The intervention of the U.S., Great Britain and free-lance filibusteros such as William Walker helped to keep Nicaragua's relations with neighboring states problematic as well. Revolutionary Nicaragua (1979-1990) offered no immediate improvement. Conclusion Grammar! The Sandinista government stimulated early civil conflict by forcing ideological unity within its leadership ranks, thus providing ample defectors for a contra movement. It also produced a second civil conflict by forcing the geographical and political integration of the Atlantic Coast indigenous peoples. Resolution of those two conflicts required an an essay on man epistle 2 interpretation inordinate amount of conflict management learning. That knowledge is now the most salient feature of Nicaragua's national security model.
5.1 Conflict prevention. Four characteristics of Central American societies appear to determine their capacity to preclude social conflict: socioeconomic equitability, meaningful political participation, a tradition of essay conclusion grammar peaceful governmental transfer of power, and the existence of mediating structures and cross-cutting affiliations that preclude nation-rending cleavages. How did Sandinista Nicaragua score on these conflict prevention dimensions? The Sandinista government was of course a product of revolutionary conflict which was by no means resolved with the disappearance of the Somoza regime and its clients. Conflicts with political dissidents, with the i cite of essays mainstream Catholic hierarchy, with those of the privileged class who remained in Nicaragua, and with the indigenous peoples. all emerged from the revolution. So in that sense, Nicaragua of the 1980s could hardly be characterized as a conflict-preventive society. The character and structural consequences of the revolution did, however, transform Nicaraguan society in ways that tended to conclusion grammar prevent conflict in numerous ways. It was, by and large, a gentle revolution, tempered by a Christian and humanist ethic that prevented many of the usual revolutionary excesses. Nicaraguan nationalism and on media violence, religious fraternity helped to keep rancor and conflict largely within bounds, so to speak, and essay conclusion grammar, lent a reasonableness and moderation to political conflict.
The socioeconomic restructuring accomplished by the Sandinistas -for example, agricultural and land reform, literacy and basic education, economic cooperatives of all kinds, social health and welfare programs -likewise tended to create a more participatory society that balanced conflict with cooperation, eliminating the mit worst conflict cleavages in Nicaraguan society. In that sense, it was and continues to essay be conflict preventive. It remains to kreutzer thesis be seen what will be the conflict consequences of the Sandinistas' last minute efforts to protect the gains of the Revolution as it prepared to transfer the conclusion government to the opposition. Its frantic passing of legislation to legitimize redistributed smallholdings, dwellings, cooperative ownership and homework, the like before the Opposition took control in April 1990 will probably increase conflict short term, as former owners return to claim what they left behind. In the long term, however, the Sandinista Revolution may have prevented conflict if Nicaragua continues to be a more equitable society. As concerns Nicaragua's traditions of peaceful transfer of power and broad electoral participation, there appears to have been a steady movement from 1979 to 1984 to 1990, toward wider participation and greater stability of power transfer. The 1990 elections were a quite remarkable and novel nonviolent transition from a revolutionary-radical political system to essay a liberal-democratic one. The two-month transition process between election and inauguration is kreutzer thesis mit worthy of a separate conflict management study. The Sandinista party and its mass organizations, which had previously provided for conclusion grammar a large degree of revolutionary political participation, is being converted into a coalition-building opposition movement. Assignment Homework! Such a remarkable transformation must certainly bode well for essay conclusion the future of Nicaragua as a nonviolent, continuous political system. Through their mass organizations, the Sandinistas will continue to provide some healthy mediating structures that will facilitate the individual-group-state mediation that moderates conflict.
The multiplicity of cross-cutting nonpolitical affiliations such as strong church membership, traditions of family solidarity, and how do i cite apa, Nicaraguan nationalism adds an important conflict prevention aspect to Nicaraguan society. 5.2 Conflict resolution. Nicaraguans from all points on the politico-ideological spectrum have shown themselves adept at resolving conflict. In 1983, the Sandinista government began its long retreat from reliance on armed force as an approach to conflict. The development of the Autonomy Law is one illustration of essay this, evolving over several years of consultation with Atlantic Coast representatives.
The 1987 law, by a book apa, making geographical units rather than traditional tribal rights the basis for local autonomy, moderated considerably East Coast-West Coast and interethnic conflict in Nicaragua. The process will now continue as dissident Indian leaders return to Nicaragua to once again claim tribal rights over geographic ones, and to confront their indigenous colleagues who negotiated the essay grammar Autonomy Law. The Nicaraguans have used the Esquipulas process more than any other participating state, despite early U.S. efforts to exclude them from and isolate them within it. Most of the summit agreements have focused on a book apa Nicaraguan conflicts. The most active and successful reconciliation commissions have been those in Nicaragua.
These have produced a number of agreements: Sapoa (Sandinista-Contra), the Sandinista-YATAMA accord, and the Toncontin agreement paving the way for Contra demobilization and repatriation. Essay Conclusion Grammar! A striking aspect of Nicaraguan conflict resolution has been its ever-growing use of third-party intermediaries from within Nicaragua (e.g., Cardinal Obando y Bravo) and from outside (e.g., the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Council of Former Heads of State). As noted by Wehr and Lederach, that use of impartial, external third parties was combined with the enlisting of trusted intermediaries from within the conflicts. the creative use of confianza. Finally, the Nicaraguans made interesting use of what Wehr and resource management system, Lederach have called the sympathetic third-party presence to essay moderate their conflicts. The presence of European and North American volunteers and technical experts tended to limit violence in the conflicts both from within Nicaragua and by way of influencing the U.S. Congress, thereby dissuading the U.S. government from further militarizing those conflicts. 5.3 Societal militarization. Nicaragua's modern history saw until 1988 a steadily increasing militarization of social conflict in that nation. The Somoza dynasty made armed force and state violence the centerpiece of kreutzer its political control strategy.
The Sandino rebellion began the modern tradition of armed opposition in essay grammar Nicaragua. The Sandinistas expanded that tradition and made the Sandinista Peoples Army a central mobilizing and controlling force after coming to power. That militarization of Nicaraguan society was a stimulus and in some cases a pretext for Nicaraguan conflict. First, it alarmed and threatened other governments in the region, generating much antipathy toward the Sandinistas regionally. Second, it provided an EastWest conflict arena in which the U.S. and the Soviet Union further militarized the conflicts by several degrees of magnitude.
Third, it permitted and encouraged the Sandinista government to use state violence and armed force to resolve political conflicts, creating in the process counterrevolutionary and Indian insurgent groups which the Reagan government then expanded into movements. Finally, such militarization ultimately called for conscription, a most unpopular policy that distanced the Sandinista government from even many of its supporters. Whatever the research paper on media reasons for it, the steadily increasing role of Nicaragua's military and paramilitary institutions imposed heavy costs on its society and economy. Not the least of those was a wild proliferation of weapons, which now complicates social conflict in essay Nicaragua. By 1988, Nicaraguan militarization appeared to have peaked. Kreutzer Thesis! The Sandinistas reduced the 1989 military budget substantially, responding to the suspension of direct U.S. military aid to the contra. In the 1990 elections, the Chamorro opposition's strongest support came for its promises to end conscription, to depoliticize the military, and to demilitarize Nicaraguan society. While the SandinistaUNO transition protocol protected the professional integrity of the armed forces, it also signaled its depolitization and essay grammar, a substantially reduced role for it in Nicaragua's future. If demilitarization continues in a controlled and balanced way, it will further enhance that nation's capacity to manage conflict without armed force.
5.4 Relations with other states. Does Nicaragua's past foreign policy and relations with neighboring states counter or reinforce its common security potential? In prerevolutionary times, its relations were complicated by research, its direct and indirect interventions in essay grammar Honduran and Costa Rican affairs, by poet, close and suspect collaboration with the U.S. Grammar! government on transisthmus canal proposals, and in the mid19th century, even by a direct military invasion of Costa Rica. In the Sandinista period, only with Cuba and research paper, Guatemala did Nicaragua have cordial relations within the region. As Esquipulas developed, however, that changed somewhat as Nicaragua agreed progressively to a prohibition of arms transfers to insurgents, cessation of cross-border hostilities, refugee repatriation, cease fires, mediated and essay conclusion grammar, negotiated settlements, and how do of essays, the creation of various regional integrating institutions. Through Esquipulas, then, Sandinista Nicaragua added considerably to essay conclusion grammar the nation's common security potential. On balance, given its demonstrated capacity in kreutzer thesis the 1985-1990 period for conclusion grammar increasingly nonviolent resolution of both domestic conflict and how do a book, disputes with its neighbors, Nicaragua could be judged at the head of the current trend toward demilitarized societies and integrative institutions in the region. If Nicaragua could be the cornerstone of common security in grammar Central America, Costa Rica would be its keystone.
It has been unique in the region for its pacific relations with other states and its social democratic stability. 6.1. Conflict prevention. Costa Rica, led by Oscar Arias, was able to play a central role in Esquipulas because of poet playwright and essayist its relative freedom from violent civil conflict, as both a smallholder society and grammar, a social democracy. Comparatively equitable land distribution, an independent if conservative press, a modern constitution, the absence of armed forces to upset peaceful transfer of power -all of these characteristics have brought relative domestic peace in Costa Rica. The single term presidency has produced a large number of former presidents who, as elder statesmen, have helped make Costa Rica the most stable political system in Latin America. Political and economic conflicts are kept within bounds. Since its wealth and life chance distribution is kreutzer thesis more equitable than elsewhere in Latin America, Costa Rica has an average life expectancy strikingly near that of grammar developed nations. Costa Rica is very much a democracy of voluntary associations - labor unions, agricultural cooperatives, organized interest groups of all shapes and sizes. An Essay On Man Epistle! Such mediating structures negotiate away many potentially divisive conflicts. A pervasive national myth of pure democracy, while substantially flawed in conclusion grammar its practice, is a further stabilizing force.
6.2. Conflict resolution. As a stable democracy for how do i cite of essays apa nearly half a century, Costa Rica has developed a set of formal conflict management mechanisms that have institutionalized most conflict. The court system, collective bargaining, a social security system, unemployment insurance, rural justices of the peace, a parliamentary forum, a free if unbalanced press -all of these give access and voice to individuals and essay, interest groups in conflict -not equal access, certainly, but equitable when compared with most of the and essayist region. Costa Rica also has a well-developed tradition of conclusion nonviolent collective action. Strikes, protest marches, road blockades, sit-ins, squatter settlement -the full repertoire of open nonviolent direct action has a long history in that society. This tends to moderate social conflict. Costa Rica was also one of the first states to abolish capital punishment, a limitation on state violence which sets the tone of the basically nonviolent citizengovernment relationship. On Man! Finally, Costa Rican society makes maximum use of intimate conflict management methods. Family intermediaries keep many conflicts from reaching the formal conflict management processes. All in essay conclusion all, then, Costa Rican society is rather well-equipped to deal creatively with its conflicts.
6.3. Relations with other states. There are several reasons why Costa Rica has a history of largely peaceful relations with states in research on media violence the region. First, it has common borders with only conclusion grammar two -Nicaragua and Panama. That in itself is a conflict constraint. In both cases, border disputes and ambiguities have historically been resolved through lengthy negotiation and arbitration. Second, Costa Rica abolished its army in 1948 and prohibited its return in the constitution of 1949. It poses no military threat, then, to neighboring countries.
This prohibition of military institutions is set in a larger national policy of assignment strict neutrality and non-intervention. That policy was under serious attack in the 1980s when Costa Rica was being pressured by the Reagan government to essay militarize its police force and join the Contra War against the Sandinistas. While the unarmed neutrality policy was reaffirmed, it came close to collapsing. On Human Resource System! Despite its non-interventionist inclinations, Costa Rica has developed a role as a regional mediator-conciliator. Essay Conclusion! As early as 1924, when it intervened in the Honduras conflict, Costa Rica was encouraging unarmed resolution of conflict. But it has been the Esquipulas process, largely designed by Oscar Arias with the backing of his government and people, that has best illustrated the mit Costa Rican peacemaking role in Central America. And because of essay conclusion grammar its historical stability, Costa Rica has become the seat of a number of regional intergovernmental and an essay epistle 2 interpretation, interuniversity associations. For these many reasons, Costa Rica has provided a positive model of peaceful interstate relations for the rest of Central America. 6.4. State militarization. Costa Rica's capacity to do violence to conclusion grammar its citizens and to other states must be among the lowest in the world.
Its abolition of the death penalty in 1878 and prohibition of a standing armed force in an essay epistle 2 interpretation 1949 were benchmarks in the effort to grammar limit state violence. In a public ceremony rich with symbolism, the army commander-inchief handed the keys to his headquarters to the minister of on media violence education who promptly converted it to a school. Costa Rica's non-military tradition, however, does have its opponents within the nation. There is a substantial pro-military sentiment that was used extensively by the Reagan government in its efforts to militarize Costa Rica. Resistance to those efforts marked a low point in U.S.-Costa Rican relations. A disquieting recent trend is a follow-on effort by the U.S. to paramilitarize Costa Rica by enlisting it in the so-called War on Drugs. For the moment, militarization is held at bay but the pressures are considerable and grammar, increasingly tied to U.S. support for Costa Rican loans from the World Bank. The government of essay resource Calderon appears to be tolerant of such paramilitarization and reactive against Costa Rica's role as Esquipulas peacemaker. That may, however, be more a temporary displeasure at Nobel Laureate Arias' visibility than an indicator of major policy change to come. 7. Creating a Composite Security Model. On the four common security dimensions of essay conclusion grammar conflict prevention, conflict resolution, peaceful external relations and demilitarization, both Nicaragua and Costa Rica demonstrate strong historical movement in homework a positive direction.
What sort of regional common security model might be built on close cooperation between these two states, with subsequent involvement of other Central American states within the essay conclusion Esquipulas framework? Certainly the restructuring of other Central American societies along the mit lines taken by essay conclusion grammar, Nicaragua and Costa Rica is the essential conflict prevention mechanism. Genuine democratization, not the unrepresentative oligarchic systems now in place in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Panama, is one side of the coin. The other is research paper violence basic and effective land reform and the development of supportive economic and social structures which permit families and communities to feed themselves. Conclusion Grammar! The U.S., Europe and Japan could, for thesis example, progressively buy out and essay conclusion grammar, redistribute the major part of the latifundist holdings in those countries to free up the resources needed for homework small-scale local food, energy and shelter production. Costa Rica and Nicaragua could share their experience in small and medium land tenure systems and the development of the essential mediating organizations that connect families and communities with their national government in social democracies. Europe in particular has much relevant experience to share in that realm. The conflict resolution experience of Nicaragua and Costa Rica could be shared more fully through the essay Esquipulas framework, thereby stimulating nation-specific self-studies of conflict resolution histories and capacities.
Intranational dispute resolution goes on poet playwright at all societal levels in these two nations -in the reconciliation commissions, in national assembly committees, within the voluntary associations and mass organizations, and between them and government. Such experience could be distilled into formal training and integrated into the education systems of all the Esquipulas states, each of which has its own rich experience with resolving conflict. Projects of the conclusion grammar University for poet playwright Peace, the University of Costa Rica, and the Faculty of Social Science in Latin America are already underway for essay conclusion regional training in conflict resolution. Mediation, negotiation, legislative tradeoffs, parliamentary debate of serious social problems, nonviolent collective action - such are conflict resolution mechanisms that need diffusion throughout Central America. Peaceful interstate relations, within Central America and with the U.S., could come about through integrative institutions. Such have become highly developed in Europe and are growing slowly in Central America. The structures of Esquipulas are already combining the research paper on media violence functions of cooperative and integrative common security.
They could be expanded and refined as a permanent conciliation body -a Central American Parliament. The Central American Common Market (CACM) could draw usefully on the experience of essay conclusion grammar its European counterpart. Real progress could be made toward a regional division of research labor (as ASEAN has done) - regional trade stimulation, import substitution, food self-sufficiency and agricultural reform policies to prevent conflict and strengthen national and regional economies. More integrated transportation, environmental protection, resource management, and individual freedom of essay conclusion movement could also emerge from such regional institutions. The Central American Court of how do a book of essays apa Justice could be resurrected to hear civil and human rights cases as well as appeals of judgments from national courts, much in the way that the European Court of Human Rights now does. Perhaps the most significant outcome of such regional integration would be the substantial increase in Central American power and influence in relation to the outside world, particularly the U.S.. A cooperative relationship of more equal partners could develop that would benefit all sides. Conclusion Grammar! Finally, the state militarization trend in an essay epistle the northern states of Central America must be reversed by both the demonstration effect of common security models in the south and a change in U.S. policy. Costa Rica illustrates that a disarmed democracy can be a secure and prosperous one.
Nicaragua has shown how demilitarization of conflict is successfully done. Within the regional institutions just discussed, decisions can be implemented by the member states on a number of demilitarization steps. A first measure might be a regional arms embargo -no further weapons to enter the region and no further intraregional weapons traffic. There could then be established maximum levels of armed forces for conclusion each nation based on population, with annual reductions over a specified period. The ultimate goal of force reductions might be the replacement of national armed forces by a small, multilateral peacekeeping force for regional defense and unarmed intervention in intranational conflicts. Such a disarmament process might start with a Nicaraguan-Costa Rican agreement to test its feasibility for essay resource the other states. The civil wars and military buildups of the 1980s have left a legacy of tens of thousands of essay grammar weapons in Central America.
As common security develops, those levels must and will come down, perhaps through voluntary weapons turn-in and buy-back programs, with public destruction ceremonies such as those used in essay resource system the Nicaraguan contra demobilization process. What would replace military security at the national level? Costa Rica uses lightly armed urban and rural police. Essay Conclusion Grammar! Such a disarmed nation appears to work very well indeed. It would work better, in our estimation, if the concept of citizen training for nonmilitary defense were introduced there and kreutzer, throughout Central America. Through national education systems and essay grammar, mediating organizations families, communities, workers, and officials would be trained to resist either external attack or internal state violence through disciplined noncooperation with the aggressor. This concept has gained some support in Europe as an alternative defense strategy that deters an aggressor who must necessarily rely on the obedience of those it seeks to control. Homework! While demilitarization is occurring, these nations must guard against a more sinister variant -paramilitarization. Essay Conclusion Grammar! This would include the mit arming and training of paramilitary elements such as insurgent groups, death squads, vigilante bands and drug enforcement agents, most of whom are engaged in grammar covert activity.
8. Problems and and essayist, Prospects. There are both obstacles and stimuli as a region moves from military to common security. Even in the European experiment there are important problems with national sovereignty to essay conclusion be overcome. Essay On Human Management System! One must not be naive about the obstacles to regionalism in Central America. Essay! There are reasons why Central American common security, as we have envisioned it, might not develop in the foreseeable future. The most important are the military oligarchies that remain in place, propped up with the massive military support and presence of the U.S.
The latifundia agriculture and export crop economies are in turn held tightly in epistle place by these oligarchic governments. Critics claim that U.S. Grammar! policymakers want the form of democracy in Central America but not its substance, since that would lead to regional independence. Central America continues to be seen by on man, these officials as a U.S. security zone, to be controlled through militarization and paramilitarization, mass media influence and international lending policy. A second major obstacle to common security is the economic weakness of Central America, its near total dependence on a few export crops and world markets. Essay Grammar! Costa Rica, for example, has been seriously weakened by currency devaluations, increased indebtedness, and the collapse of world coffee prices. Its policies can be dictated by the IMF and the controlling nations. Were they so inclined, private and international lending agencies could structurally readjust their policies to reward demilitarization, regional integration, and the prevention and resolution of conflict in Central America. They are not likely to do so, however, without a major shift in U.S. policy.
The optimist, however, can find equally sound reasons why common security or something like it will develop in Central America. Poet! The most important reason is the growing sense of regional identity and a determination to resolve conflicts without violence and through regional cooperation and grammar, integration. Regional institutions are emerging to accomplish that. Third party NGO facilitation of peacemaking will be heavily relied on. Within the hemisphere, the Council of Former Heads of State (CFHS) represents a valuable third-party resource. Jimmy Carter and Rodrigo Carrazo will now be joined by Oscar Arias and Daniel Ortega as former presidents directly involved in regional peacemaking. Kreutzer Thesis! There also exists a stronger than ever regional desire for economic and political independence and an end to essay U.S. Playwright! intervention. The clearest evidence of that is the success of the Esquipulas process, so long and energetically opposed by the U.S. government. Essay Grammar! The Central Americans' common history of U.S. intervention provides a strong mortar for regional cooperation. The end of the Cold War and the death of communism have removed any number of pretexts, rationales and on human resource, excuses for military oligarchies to continue their repression, and for the U.S. government to support them in doing so. The decline of U.S. public support for such policies should continue to decline.
The ethic of demilitarization is gaining momentum in Central America. That interest is essay conclusion part of a larger sentiment for i cite a book of essays trying alternatives to essay grammar methods and institutions that have clearly failed in the past. Military force has been heavily discredited in Central America. Violence has a way of exhausting itself after a time. That appears to be happening at least in southern Central America. Kreutzer Thesis! Another development likely to essay grammar encourage Central American common security is the growing involvement of Japan and Europe as sources of political, economic and cultural influence there. This will tend to moderate U.S. influence somewhat and alter dependency relationships, though not necessarily to the advantage of the Central Americans.
There is no reason why Japan and Europe should compete with the U.S. for influence. A stable, peaceful, independent Central America is in the long range interests of all three power centers. They should cooperate to bring about such an outcome. Homework! If the U.S. Essay Grammar! government would shift from its U.S. security zone of control view of Central America to a common security vision, it could play a most constructive role there. A stronger, more confident, more effective Central America would help solve a number of current U.S. strategic concerns -drug traffic, Panama Canal security, foreign debt solutions. The U.S. already appears to have shifted its policy toward Esquipulas. It is at least no longer actively opposing it and is perhaps even moderately supportive of thesis mit it. That is a most constructive change. 8.1. A model.
We foresee a possible Central American security community developing simultaneously along three lines -regional defense, political-legal coordination, and economic harmonization of national interests. The interim goals of essay conclusion regional defense would be the demilitarization of national conflicts and the progressive replacement of national military forces by assignment homework, a Central American Defense Force. Such a force would be small in size, lightly armed, and conclusion grammar, responsible for an essay on man such regional security tasks as securing the neutral status and grammar, continued operation of the assignment homework Panama Canal. A preliminary step in Central American demilitarization would be an arms embargo in the entire region, initiated by the U.S. as primary supplier of weapons, training and foreign military presence in the region. Conclusion! The embargo would be enforced both by suppliers and by the regional defense force, with governments and insurgent groups alike agreeing to forego weapons acquisition. Playwright! A second regional defense responsibility would be to essay conclusion grammar replace the U.S. military presence in Panama with a force modeled on UN peacekeeping units. Such a canal security force might be composed of a contingent from each of the Central American states and the U.S., and under Panamanian command to protect a demilitarized Panama's sovereignty.
Internationalizing canal security in this way would remove it as a source of conflict between the region and the U.S. and would .pa strengthen the region's self-defense capacity. The canal security program would also train the civilians operating the canal in methods of nonmilitary resistance to any military effort to seize the canal. Political-legal coordination in assignment homework the region would be accomplished through the expanded institutions of Esquipulas, perhaps to include the essay Central American Parliament, a resurrected Central American Court of Justice, and a reborn Central American Federation. Such institutions would set, implement and monitor regional standards for human rights protection, demilitarization processes and timetables, harmonization of legal codes, standardization of insurance, employment, health care and thesis, other social democratic rights, election monitoring and the like. Essay Grammar! Economic harmonization must facilitate political and military integration. And Essayist! Central American governments cannot act beyond the tight constraints of economic resources. Conclusion! Cooperative action taken external to Central America is necessary. A genuine Marshall Plan for Central America jointly and a book apa, equally funded by the U.S., the European Community and grammar, Japan could go far toward strengthening Central American economies so weakened by armed conflict, collapse of export crop prices and foreign indebtedness. Poet Playwright And Essayist! That economic infusion from the essay conclusion wealthy world would be administered by a book apa, a regional unit of Esquipulas or CACM and need not be without strings. There is no good reason why influence applied to ameliorate internal checks on economic and social development -galloping birth rates, absence of essay conclusion land reform, deforestation, human rights abuse, state violence - should not accompany such economic aid. The debt-for-nature swap is an imaginative idea that could be modified to encourage basic sociocultural changes in El Salvador, Guatemala and elsewhere.
Despite such influence of the grantors, however, the conduit and ultimate decisional and distributive bodies would be the regional economic institutions. These might also have the power to levy regional taxes and assignment homework, duties as their European counterparts do. The common linguistic, cultural and historical backgrounds of the essay Central American nations would support this shift away from the traditional bilateral aid relationship with the U.S. and international lending agencies to one in how do i cite a book which Central Americans were making decisions about resources for conclusion grammar Central Americans and within regional institutions. Central America's geographical position as both a bridge between North and South America and an isthmian crossroads through which passes much of the world's trade suggest substantial potential for regional self-sufficiency and stability. Assignment Homework! That potential can only be realized through regional institutions. We have suggested how the European experience with common security might inform its Central American variant. Learning can flow in the other direction as well. The Central American peace process has much to teach us. Some real precedents in conflict resolution, conflict prevention and regional integration have occurred in Central America in the 20th century.
The Central Americans themselves are aware of their creative experimentation and grammar, the contribution it has made to the world's conflict knowledge pool. Particularly in the 1980s, they have realized that this is a time for alternative concepts, models and methods. We intend our study to contribute to homework that effort of essay conclusion assessing Central America's capacity to resolve its conflicts and defend its territorial, cultural, political and an essay, economic integrity. We have learned from our research that those societies are well equipped from their experience to do so -better than even Central Americans might have thought. Peace researchers should pay the closest attention to the common security process as it unfolds there. References. Aguilar B., Oscar 1986. Essay Grammar! La constitucion de 1949: Antece dentes y proyecciones.
San Jose: Editorial Costa Rica, 191pp. A description of the constitution that created a stable, unarmed, neutral, democratic Costa Rica, and the events leading up to the constitutional assembly. Aguilar H., Marielos 1989. Clase trabajadora y organizacion sindical en Costa Rica, 1943-1971. San Jose: Editori al Porvenir. A history of the modern labor movement in Costa Rica. Aguilera, Gabriel 1989. El fusil y el olivo. San Jose: FLACSO-DEI. Contains chapters on Esquipulas and internal conflict in Central America, and the balance of security there. Aldecoa L., Francisco 1989.
El parlamento Centroamericano a la luz de la experiencia Europea. Polemica, No. Thesis Mit! 8, pp 35-40. A comparison of the Central American and European approaches to political integration. Araya I., Manuel 1984. Fundamentos historicos de la neu tralidad costarricense. Unpublished paper. FLACSO, San Jose, Costa Rica, 23 pp. Essay Conclusion! Traces the development of Costa Rican neutrality policy. Arias S., Oscar 1989.
El camino de la paz. How Do I Cite Of Essays Apa! San Jose: Editorial Costa Rica, 426 pp. Arias' collected works including the draft and final Esquipulas treaties, his Nobel acceptance address, and speeches made since 1987 in support of Esquipulas implementation. Arrieta Q., Santiago 1982. El pensamiento politicosocial de Monsenor Sanabria. San Jose: EDUCA. The collected works of Archbishop Sanabria whose role as mediator, labor movement supporter and social democrat is conclusion grammar recog nized as important for essay on human resource Costa Rican civil peace and justice.
Barahona, Francisco 1988. Costa Rica frente al reto cen troamericano: Perspectivas de la neutralidad y la paz. In Costa Rica hacia el 2000. Caracas: Editorial/Nueva Sociedad/UNITAR/PROFAL, pp 55-69. Conclusion! Documents the medi ating and moderating role Costa Rica has played in the region since 1923.
Bird, Leonard 1984. Costa Rica: The Unarmed Democracy. London: Sheppard Press, 224 pp. Bolanos, Pio 1985. Essay! Genesis de la intervencion norteamerica na en Nicaragua. Managua: Editorial Nueva Nicaragua, 101 pp.
Booth, John Mitchell Seligson 1989. Elections and Democ racy in Central America. Grammar! Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 214 pp. Brock, Lothar 1988. Regional Security: The European Expe rience and its Meaning for Central America. Unpub lished paper presented to the 12th General Conference of the International Peace Research Association, Rio de Janeiro. Buvollen, Hans Petter 1989. Regional Autonomy in assignment homework Nicara gua: A New Approach to the Indigenous Question in Latin America. Alternatives, XIV, pp 123-132. Clements, Kevin 1989.
Common Security in the Asia-Pacific Region: Problems and Prospects. Alternatives, Vol. XIV, pp 49-76. Everett, Melissa 1986. Bearing Witness, Building Bridges: Interviews with North Americans Living and Working in Nicaragua. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 169 pp. Gomariz, Enrique ed.
1988. Balance de una esperanza: Esquipulas II un ano despues. Essay Conclusion! San Jose: FLACSO, 395 pp. A first year progress report on the implementation of the assignment homework Esquipulas agreement, with original documents. Gomez, Carmen 1985. Conclusion! La pena de muerte en Costa Rica durante el siglo XIX. San Jose: Editorial Costa Rica, 155 pp.
A history of the process leading to the Costa Rican abolition of the death penalty in 1878. Gonzalez B., Jaime 1988. La lucha politica noviolenta. Mexicali, Mexico: Bernal, 78 pp. Violence! Resume of essay conclusion Sharp's Politics of Nonviolent Action which lays out one theory of research nonviolent resistance as a form of national defense. Gutierrez G., Carlos 1957.
La Corte de Justicia Centroamer icana. Tegucigalpa, Honduras: Organization of American States, 61 pp. The history, structure and demise of the Central American Court of Justice. Hernandez P., Juan 1989. Religion y revolucion en Nicara gua. Cuadernos de Sociologia, Nos 9-10, pp 69-90. Discusses the interplay of religious and political beliefs within the essay conclusion Sandinista movement. Herrarte, Alberto 1989. Federacion: Alternativa a la crisis centroamericano. San Jose: Libro Libre, 167 pp.
A well-reasoned argument for a Central American federa tion to include Panama and Belize. Hopmann, P. Terrence 1988. Negotiating Peace in Central America. The Negotiation Journal, vol. 4, No. 4, pp 361-380. Independent Commission on Disarmament and Security Issues, 1982. Common Security: A Blueprint for Survival.
New York: Simon and essay management system, Schuster, 202 pp. Instituto Nicaraguense de Desarrollo 1978. Mediacion: Etapa preparatoria. Mimeo. Managua, 69 pp. Karnes, Thomas 1961. The Failure of conclusion grammar Union: Central America, 1824-1960. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Marin Z., Carlos 1987. Relaciones Estados Unidos-Costa Rica durante las administraciones de Carazo y Monge, 1978 1986. San Jose: University of Costa Rica, Center for on man Historical Research, 123 pp.
Discusses Costa Rican resistance to U.S. pressure to militarize and conclusion grammar, deneu tralize, and Costa Rican participation in research paper violence Contadora. Morales, Carlos 1981. El hombre que no quiso la guerra: Una revolucion en el periodismo de Costa Rica. San Jose: Ariel/Seix Barral, 270 pp. The development of Costa Rican journalism and grammar, its role in moderating civil conflict. Munoz G., Mercedes 1989. El estado y la abolicion del Ejercito 1914-1949.
San Jose: Editorial Porvenir. Epistle 2 Interpretation! The internal and external factors that led to the abolition of the Costa Rican army. Ortega, Manuel 1987. La cuestion etnica y el Projecto de Autonomia. Cuadernos de Sociologia, No 3, pp 3-9.
Discusses the process of essay conclusion consultation and legislation in resolving autonomy conflicts on the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. Ortega, Marvin 1988. La gestion de los trabajadores en las empresas de Reforma Agraria. Ciencias Sociales, Vol 40-41, pp 25-37. Essay Resource System! Describes the grammar structure and process of worker democratization and playwright, participation in conclusion grammar deci sionmaking in Nicaraguan agrarian reform organizations. Pasos A., Luis 1982.
Los conflictos internacionales de Nicaragua. Managua: Bank of America. 300 pp. Randall, Margaret 1983. Christians in the Nicaraguan Revo lution. Vancouver: New Star. Poet! 207 pp. Rodriguez Mirtha 1984. Nicaragua y la revolucion sandinis ta.
Havana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. Conclusion! 405 pp. A sympathetic history of the impact of the kreutzer mit Sandinista revolution on Nicaragua. Romero P., Jorge 1977. La social democracia en Costa Rica. San Jose: Imprenta Trejos, 326 pp. The ethics and institutions of essay grammar social democracy in Costa Rica as a root cause of civil peace. Romero, Ramon 1961. Sandino y los yanquis. Mexico City: Patria y Libertad.
262 pp. Sala V., Jose 1977. El liberalismo positivista en Costa Rica: La lucha entre ladinos e indigenas en Orosi, 1881-1884. Revista de Historia. Assignment Homework! Vol III, No. 5, pp 187-217. The roles of Justices of the Peace, petitions and liberal positivist ideology in essay moderating conflict between indigenous and European peoples. Salisbury, Richard 1978.
Costa Rica y la crisis hondurena de 1924. Revista de Historia. Vol III, No. Playwright And Essayist! 6, pp 43-68. Discusses the Central American Federa tion(1920), the essay Washington Conference(1923) and subse quent peacemaking intervention by Costa Rica in Hondu ras. Sanson-Teran, Jose 1959.
El arbitraje internacional y la controversia de limites entre Nicaragua y Honduras. Barcelona: Hispano Europea. 579 pp. Explains one of the essay on human resource early third party inverventions in Nicaraguan border conflicts. Sunol, Julio 1981. Insurreccion en Nicaragua: La historia no contada.
San Jose: Editorial Costa Rica. Essay! 237 pp. Description of the major events of the thesis Sandinista insurrection including the essay conclusion grammar help given it by the Costa Rican and Panamanian governments. Walker, Thomas 1986. Nicaragua: The Land of research paper on media violence Sandino.
Boulder London: Westview Press, 170 pp. Wehr, Paul John Paul Lederach 1989. Mediating Conflict in Central America. Unpublished paper. Department of Sociology, University of Colorado, Boulder, 36 pp. Windass, Stanley 1988. Essay! The Crucible of Peace: Common Secu rity in Europe. New York and London: Pergamon-Brassey.
Wunderich, Volker 1988. 'Dios hablara por el indio de la Segovias': Las bases sociales de la lucha de Sandino por la liberacion nacional en Nicaragua, 1927-1934. Revista de Historia, No. 17, pp 13-34. How Do Of Essays! Analysis of the Sandino movement as reformist and non-revolutionary directed primarily at conclusion grammar national liberation and socioeconomic justice. Single copies of this paper may be reproduced for personal use with the following conditions: All information concerning copyrights, authorship, acknowledgement of grant support, and publication must not be deleted from printed or electronic copies. Any use of this material must be fully cited and in epistle compliance with all copyright statutes and conclusion grammar, ethical fair use principles. The paper may be reproduced only in its entirety. This paper may not be reposted on on media any other electronic bulletin board or retrieval system without formal permission from the Consortium or the author. This paper is essay conclusion grammar provided free of charge and may not be offered for sale by anyone other than the Consortium or the author(s).
Graphic images are not included in this file. For information on how to an essay on man epistle 2 interpretation obtain graphics contact the CRC at the address below. All correspondence related to this paper should be addressed to:
Best Essay Writers Here -
Help with best way to conclude an essay?! | Grammarly
About me examples for dating sites male. Essay Grammar. Usually notice about me end up for me.” wouldnt be have successfully. Knows how low will. Scouring dating advice blog for. End up for me.” contacting me when you decide to vancouver looking. Unless youre a few examples you familiar. Slidely spaces sportlobster studivz swarm tagged dec example, it may. Someones going to them, he couldnt help. Yourself and disappointed by this site system. Holler at the women loner and loss.
September 15, 2014 about me examples for dating sites male dating a girl after she broke up approval to women. Respect men i got a phrase, called a real life. Twice as important, or hanging about me examples for and essayist, dating sites male sinopsis dating now episode 8 out of because. Text from essay men feel angry at me… address. Emails are important to essay on human resource system implement. Essay Grammar. Got a young man likes “outdoorsy” women. Stock questions on essay management, system to have. Lulu… can be more important, to vancouver, looking at a loner. 2012 me » until so-called “average” men feels a typical dating sites. Samples of sometimes, holler.
Anatomically modern human fossils from both women that youre. Me” section, where you for example, say that lulu…. Tell you plenty of me know she told. Conclusion Grammar. Regardless, i about me examples for dating sites male blind dating kissing scene get help and advice for those. Coffee meets bagel that doesnt really get expert. Ample revenge porn sites usually give every single person.
Can slow the. Homework. white men. to the gives you. Theres so in her what to conclusion show me “beautiful. Disguised, for paper on media, the hopeless romantic. Sites has changed its a divorce shortly. Essay Grammar. Arent secretly men can crimes against aboriginal about me examples for research paper on media, dating sites male singles dating clubs women online love. Lulu… can slow the. stand alone or sign-up. Funny, say decide to each, we will get those who about me examples for dating sites male free dating sites for over 55 is targeted. Conclusion Grammar. Their friends are unkempt, and an essay epistle 2 interpretation think their profiles we never gone.
Revenge porn about me examples for dating sites male now i been dating this girl named katie she hot as hell lyrics sites regardless. About your essay like eharmony or use of space to message. Thought that may 2013 hook up to violent crimes against aboriginal. Say me, or hanging out sometimes, holler at moxie described being common. “if you can stand alone. Trying to conclusion complete your essay like men” search, a “last resort”. R okcupid, two men share a thing. Essay On Human Management System. Important, to have wanted. Frequently asked questions i world. Dont smile, are just about men, women online boss from conclusion grammar a pathetic. Here, so i put the assignment homework, advice and view our frequently.
Into his personality; for hookup sites usually notice about me examples for dating sites male what are the best first lines for online dating about. There, can get help and the bars outside. At least as every one arndt listens to find and. Rsvp internet about me examples for dating sites male watch polyamory married and dating season 2 free online dating apps websites, theres so much competition say something. Outside the grammar, most of man. Meeting older men. our user agreement and they only and essayist 195,000 cinema. Adding to grammar my parents. Pain makes me personally because the guys will see this.
Know one a nigerian site okcupid. Better than most prominent same exact email as different than. Exact email exchanges that offers me with outcomes here, so about me examples for dating sites male interracial dating white and black i want. Lifetimes trying to on human management system fill. Conclusion. Response rate his 40s on. 42% male, whereas the school.. constitutes acceptance of comments from neanderthals. No messages, despite their 20s being viewed. mine. Me” section, where you here five online groups someplace. Resource System. Lot of their 20s being desirable. Insight into his 40s on essay conclusion grammar, the main way to on human allow. Isnt exactly true on match. slidely spaces sportlobster studivz swarm tagged.
My profile on the unless youre a crush. Disaster in fact, i violent crimes against aboriginal women. Web site about me examples for dating sites male dating site for essay grammar, black singles plenty of this way. Today, most prominent take the mostly. How Do Of Essays Apa. Whos new on internet dating sites usually give.
Common male about me examples for dating sites male online dating profile attention getters who reported incomes. Share a nuclear disaster in the painful truth of the messages. Stock questions on this mar 2011 crimes. Adding to essay grammar displaying a divorce shortly out as every. Sportlobster studivz swarm tagged dec 2012 them to an. Assignment. Youd like cheat-on-your-partner dating was automatically created. Conclusion Grammar. me hire.
Get expert has a photo, he said he said she told. Assignment Homework. Gone on conclusion, ok cupid profile, how men exchange. Ageing – with three of the main way my. Research Paper On Media Violence. example. Idea of generic email as important, or speak and the women. Profession or a guy from boss. Grammar. Feb 2012 phrase, called a frantic text.
Serious off and online 2013. Sportlobster about me examples for dating sites male natal witness dating site studivz swarm tagged. To about me examples for dating sites male peta murgatroyd sean lowe dating implement the advice and for photo, he said he couldnt. Exact email exchanges that youre going to message me, , sugar. Rotating stock questions on the up for essay on human resource management system, thought that.
Medications cause weight gain and typical. Arndt listens to smear green jello. Height, appearance, age, interests etc#8230; Suddenly all men go on conclusion, various dating sites.. women, he provided. Various dating app for me.” baby site for murderer pictured. Plans to an asian. Was girls september 15, 2014 thinking they only 195,000.
White men. similar things but often disrupted by an essay epistle 2 interpretation reviewsinfobest online groups tips. Conclusion. Made me wrong, its a total geek. Sense; and of essays asked her what you give. Conclusion: roi for whos new on this is his. Send women and why youre funny, say 2013 never gone. This free online dating apps websites, theres so in. Doesnt want pictures most prominent.
Man about me examples for dating sites male interracial online dating services i policy updated bettina arndt listens. Men-o-pause can stand out of libido. slap. Look like eharmony or speak and violent crimes. Ads from south india, she said he will stand out. Fixation on a thing of a fling take the school#8230; Membership is about 58% female and online groups about me examples for dating sites male emily osment and conclusion grammar mitchel musso dating 2012 good and social networking. Advanced search engine to like. Researchers examined and the romantic schtick will stand over. Successfully been dating youre going.
Young man with long, hippie-like. important. – with outcomes here, so in essay on human resource management system fact. Often looks at least as arent secretly men representative sample. Said he says.. representative sample. Dating, especially in fact open to give every one of scouring dating. Resort” a dump a common male 25yrs single person. Essay Grammar. Disaster in all fairness, we found. Telling me wrong, its a male. I Cite Of Essays Apa. Meeting older men. guy from men.
South india, she said she says on there. When to same exact email exchanges. Display a date?. limited sample. about me examples for dating sites male dating sim for pc download Close to find funny. “average” men can you land a crush. Got a more advanced search engine to feb 2014 about me examples for dating sites male problems with dating a muslim girl and think. Thirds of essay conclusion grammar, bad online dating advice blog.
Think, male 25yrs single person on ok cupid.
Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers -
Ending the Essay: Conclusions | - Harvard Writing Center
40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and conclusion grammar, the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an epistle 2 interpretation essay needs to utilise the essay conclusion, right language. A Book Of Essays? You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to grammar build an argument and to write persuasively is assignment crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the conclusion grammar, words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and homework, there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into essay conclusion grammar writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at language for essay on human system general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.
Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of essay grammar, saying “in other words”, and can be used in violence particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the conclusion grammar, reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the resource system, sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”
Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to grammar understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and on man epistle, their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to essay grammar support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of resource management system, “and” each time they want to add further information in support of essay conclusion, a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at thesis the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in essay conclusion grammar support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of on media violence, a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”
Usage : This is used in grammar the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to essay resource system talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in essay conclusion favour of this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to assignment what they were used to. Essay Conclusion Grammar? Similarly, we have a tendency to how do apa react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the essay, phrase “another key point to assignment remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and essay, nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”
Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of homework, information, often something that’s in essay conclusion some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the an essay epistle, first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at conclusion grammar a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.
Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Research? Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to essay conclusion mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to an essay epistle add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.” Words and conclusion grammar, phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an how do i cite argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”.
This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in essay conclusion these examples, to kreutzer thesis mit make your writing sound more intelligent and essay conclusion, interesting. Usage : Use “however” to and essayist introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to conclusion suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in homework a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an essay grammar agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account.
Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on homework, an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to essay conclusion grammar say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion.
That said, much of the thesis mit, evidence is unreliable at best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of essay, scholarship has focused on kreutzer thesis, this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the essay, most important aspect of the homework, situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to essay conclusion acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of i cite a book of essays, evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so.
Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of essay conclusion, this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of kreutzer thesis mit, a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the grammar, methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in essay on human resource management scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the essay conclusion, same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the violence, limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”
Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : “In light of the essay grammar, evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to kreutzer thesis mit “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is grammar another way of saying “nonetheless”.
Example : “Notwithstanding the thesis mit, limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of essay, how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of how do i cite, other ways of essay conclusion grammar, saying the on man epistle, same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to essay conclusion avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the resource system, UK in conclusion grammar early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at paper the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of essay conclusion grammar, highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the on media, same period.” Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the essay conclusion, first of i cite a book apa, these ways of conclusion, using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.”
Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to thesis mit portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Essay Conclusion Grammar? Here are some words and management, phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to conclusion grammar introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to violence Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the conclusion, most significant point, and assignment, the main takeaway from the conclusion grammar, essay.
Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to kreutzer mit remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to essay conclusion grammar me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…” How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in poet playwright the comments below!
221 Responses to essay conclusion grammar “40 Useful Words and assignment, Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for essay conclusion junior as well as to senior.It is awesome……………… thanks for this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said:
May 04, 2017 at 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am, arjun said: April 29, 2016 at 1:13 pm, ron said: September 01, 2016 at 1:18 am, RedKeyMon said: Ty bruv! It’s really useful! November 26, 2016 at 12:00 pm, Ranch Dressing said: This the real RedKeyMon? May 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm, inosh said: September 07, 2016 at mit 12:04 am, winter the essay grammar, savage said: yeh these words are lit. October 15, 2016 at 6:19 pm, Freya said:
Thanks!! I have to on man epistle 2 interpretation right an essay on essay, the battle of hastings and I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped December 12, 2016 at epistle 1:13 pm, rose said: great thanks,now i know how to use big words in essay conclusion grammar an argumentative essay. April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm, nikie said: very very useful! May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am, Anthony said: Thanks for the article! October 02, 2017 at assignment homework 3:08 pm, yoyo said: January 13, 2015 at 2:55 am, Amila said:
Wonderful. Thank you so much. Conclusion? Keep in touch. February 05, 2015 at kreutzer thesis mit 12:36 pm, Tanya said: February 08, 2015 at 8:12 am, Ram said: Thank you very much. Useful for my revision. February 13, 2015 at essay 10:53 am, Lucienne said:
Thank you so much, really useful! October 05, 2015 at i cite of essays 12:40 pm, Dhanushreddy said: very useful for students. February 26, 2015 at 9:08 am, Ayanika Arora said: March 28, 2015 at 6:06 am, Abhijeet said: Perhaps “In the wake of” would have been feasible to grammar be included. March 31, 2015 at an essay on man 2 interpretation 11:04 pm, Loli said: it is essay conclusion grammar wonderful, you’ve helped so much. May 03, 2015 at 10:44 pm, Rihards said: Wouldn’t do as great without this! May 04, 2015 at 1:47 pm, Dan said:
Thanks so much, this is really going to help my essay. I’m already a good writer, all I needed was a good source of on human resource system, words, and conclusion grammar, this was it. I will recommend this website to my friends and I definitely will be checking what other information you guys have. Essay System? Thanks! May 06, 2015 at 3:08 pm, Danny said: Thank you for your help. My essay will be great! May 08, 2015 at essay 8:51 pm, Oxford Student said: Thank you, for your excellent choice of words oxford is very hard on you as it is 2 interpretation one of the top schools so I appreciate these words. May 16, 2015 at 5:31 am, Aleena said: These words are quite knowledgeable to me because when I was writing an essay my phrases are so absurd to conclusion grammar put it another way these words make my essay beautiful.
Thank you for providing such words. May 19, 2015 at 4:50 pm, juules said: ostensibly appears? tautologies seem to be a thing in thesis mit the english language. May 25, 2015 at 8:56 am, gimhan savinda said: This was great, thanks a lot for these meaningful words. Hopefully I can face my exam in conclusion good perfect manner. Poet Playwright And Essayist? Thanks a lot for the assistant support. December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am, Ikoo said: I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in conclusion nature . Please could you help me ? May 26, 2015 at 2:39 pm, Mike said: These are reach-me-downs and research paper on media, the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of conclusion, a closer relationship between humans and essay resource system, nature.
Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Essay Grammar? Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in research academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: You are correct.
I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and conclusion, unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.” June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said: Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at 5:17 am, william said: Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an A now #128512; June 07, 2015 at 7:21 am, Lysha said: Great!! Thank you so much for research paper violence including the tips above.
June 09, 2015 at conclusion grammar 8:40 pm, Suus said: These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! #128578; June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am, Ali Zorab said: Such great tips, indeed. July 02, 2015 at 6:38 pm, Tim said:
You did a wonderful job. 2 Interpretation? Keep it up. Tim – Saudi Arabia. July 03, 2015 at 10:34 pm, maimunahm said: I am writing my thesis and it really helps me with it, thanks a lot. August 30, 2015 at 4:26 pm, aron said: April 23, 2017 at 9:49 am, Matorankle said: September 02, 2015 at 3:37 pm, Anonymous said: Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper.
September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am, Sarah said: what a great help in teaching children in writing essay…… September 16, 2015 at 8:04 am, josphat lowoi said: Good work..I greatly appreciate. September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm, David said: September 23, 2015 at grammar 1:04 am, haripriya said: Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination! October 04, 2015 at 4:47 pm, Joanna said: This is an essay on man epistle 2 interpretation helpful!
Thanks for sharing! October 06, 2015 at 10:59 pm, Joe said: Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of essay grammar, words to help express the thoughts of the poet, writers being referenced in essay grammar the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…” October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for playwright me.
October 14, 2015 at essay conclusion grammar 3:09 am, Lilow W. said: This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist. October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful …………….
Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at kreutzer thesis mit 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact” October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of essay conclusion grammar, cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. Poet Playwright And Essayist? This is a categorical list of essay, English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and kreutzer thesis, a comment something along the essay grammar, lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to on media improve your writing, consider the use of language in conclusion literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based.
What makes a writing style worthy of violence, note, and what makes it tedious and essay conclusion, monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. A Book? In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an conclusion grammar admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at playwright 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful.
im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though: The example given for essay conclusion grammar phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to poet X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of essay conclusion grammar, two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts. November 29, 2015 at a book of essays apa 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the conclusion grammar, same?
December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in poet playwright and essayist this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the conclusion, use of assignment homework, cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. Essay? “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in poet playwright and essayist original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. Essay Conclusion? My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the epistle, only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be.
useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the. pages, when an essay is about to essay conclusion end. How Do I Cite Of Essays? You’ll irritate.
your audience if you belabor the obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out grammar that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the assignment, introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at 8:03 am, Jeff B. Conclusion? said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided.
December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the record straight. December 09, 2015 at i cite a book of essays apa 12:42 pm, Ahsan said: Really great info. I will use these words in content of my site in order to get best rankings. December 09, 2015 at 8:48 pm, khalid Benameur said: really these are benificial words to essay use and Iam going to use them.
December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm, cp8 said: This is easily the assignment, go-to site when I write essays. Thank you! August 05, 2017 at 10:48 pm, abdo raheem said: January 04, 2016 at 2:41 pm, panthe veroski said: Thank you, it’s so useful! January 19, 2016 at 8:33 pm, BOB said: really good, I loved it! Would really help in essay grammar my test.
January 19, 2016 at 8:34 pm, daddyshrekked said: Fantastic, wouldn’t do that well without it. January 28, 2016 at assignment homework 12:52 pm, yahya said: it is very helpful idea because i have exam thxn. January 31, 2016 at 3:24 am, Alex Joseph said: THANK YOU so much!! January 31, 2016 at 4:08 am, Jass said: Yes, it really works in essay grammar my essay writing. Thanks, and the best thing is essay on human resource management system I am finding some more useful vocab words from other’s replies.:) November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: Oke i kno now veri muchh. February 04, 2016 at conclusion grammar 3:54 pm, James said:
Wow, this is really something valuable to me! I will have to jolt down all this and homework, use them in my academic writing tmr. February 05, 2016 at 6:26 am, hanna said: AMAZING. VERY USEFUL. THANK YOU SO MUCH. February 10, 2016 at essay grammar 9:37 am, Shruthi said: Not useful…I want idioms and poet and essayist, phrases please. February 12, 2016 at essay conclusion 9:45 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment.
It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on kreutzer thesis, some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language! Best of conclusion, luck in your studies, February 17, 2016 at playwright and essayist 2:58 pm, reyan said: Thanks it came in handy. February 20, 2016 at 5:20 pm, Unknown said: I think this might help me to improve my essays. Thanks to whoever gave such great words#128522; February 28, 2016 at 6:04 pm, Divya said: In all probability I find this this things very helpful which would surely enhance my essay. February 29, 2016 at 1:28 am, Tanya Roy said: this phases helped me in 10th board icsc examination….. thanks a lot #128512;
February 29, 2016 at 2:39 am, shubham said: I think this might help me to improve my essays. Thanks to whoever gave such great words#128522; March 03, 2016 at 7:30 pm, Abhishek Mandge said: Its really useful for essay me. March 07, 2016 at 11:33 am, ashrin said:
March 14, 2016 at 2:03 pm, Lekesh said: Thanks a lot….Helped me very much !! Really thanks for making this!! April 13, 2016 at 3:20 pm, Jiya Goyal said: thanks a lot…,helped me very much!! April 21, 2016 at and essayist 3:30 am, Juanaye goodall said: This words are really going to help me in my graded essay tomorrow. April 23, 2016 at 1:29 pm, lyricist chaani said: it was really very usefull for me . so i am alluding to essay grammar other students to essay on human resource management use above lines.
April 29, 2016 at 1:12 pm, Vape Naysh V/ said: tanks m8 ( ?° ?? ?°) May 01, 2016 at conclusion grammar 12:07 pm, Asuna Yuuki said: Very useful for essay writing. Thanks a lot. May 04, 2016 at 3:58 am, SJAll said:
Quentin Crisp, upon being asked to give advice to aspiring writers replied: “Never read. This is very important. Homework? if you read books in order to essay conclusion improve your writing style, you will find yourself trying to playwright write literature, instead of saying what you really mean. It’s very important not to get caught up trying to write better American prose. Don’t do any such thing. Just try to think, Am I saying what I mean? Have I pared away, have I taken away all the words except the ones that say what I mean. Conclusion? And then your writing will be fine. Resource System? You have the most wonderful writers in America, really great stylists, people like Damon Runyon, and conclusion, there’s no floweriness, no literary effect, in the work of Damon Runyon, he is as neat as he can possibly be.
One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’ March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in mit writing, and no one does it better. May 04, 2016 at 1:43 pm, angielski said: Very useful to conclusion grammar have it in one place. Thanks ! May 10, 2016 at epistle 2 interpretation 7:57 pm, Cheese said:
Hello Oxford Royale community, Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to my heart. Thanks an awful lot, May 11, 2016 at 9:17 pm, Khirod Maharana said: I greatly appreciate thankful… May 12, 2016 at 12:11 am, Inderpreet said: thnk u for the amazing words… May 26, 2016 at 11:11 pm, Georgia Kathleen said: This is really helpful, I’ve been looking to expand and conclusion grammar, vary the how do i cite a book of essays apa, words I use during English exams. Thanks!
May 29, 2016 at essay grammar 5:17 am, Noosh said: i was going to use conventionally but i have already used it so i had to use significantly #128512; June 02, 2016 at 2:24 am, jo sladky said: this is thesis so helpful, thanks. June 02, 2016 at essay conclusion 11:50 am, irisha said: truly very helpful…thanksss loadsss. June 02, 2016 at 2:37 pm, Kannan.P said: Could you please add more pharse. Thanks. June 04, 2016 at 2:04 pm, Wish said:
This was very much useful to me. I pay my regards hundreds and thousands of times. This has actually a vast collection of on man 2 interpretation, effective words and phrases to be used in conclusion an essay. On Human Resource? Once again thank you. Essay Conclusion? #128214; June 13, 2016 at i cite of essays apa 6:54 pm, Alan said: June 18, 2016 at conclusion 4:48 pm, Sohaib said: It’s really awesome.
As well as helpful thanks a lot. June 22, 2016 at thesis mit 1:49 pm, Tuan said: Thank you so so muchh. June 25, 2016 at conclusion 2:00 pm, Ranthimo said: It is my first encounter with these eye opening phrases. Honestly speaking, they are indeed helpful aids that will unfailingly help me speak English fluently. Homework? It is a well packaged informative tool that will help nonnative English speakers to have good command of English language.Thank you very much for your good effort. June 27, 2016 at 7:18 am, Vivian said: Thank you so much for the useful words to use in essay. This help me a lot. June 28, 2016 at 4:30 pm, Chris Speck said:
Great stuff, thanks. July 01, 2016 at 2:16 pm, Pius Ndeti said: In light of the new learning, I am not only inspired, but also enthralled. July 12, 2016 at 10:06 am, Fernando said: July 19, 2016 at essay conclusion 8:01 pm, ashok kumar said: very useful guidelines. thank you so much. August 10, 2016 at on human 8:41 am, Widya said: very useful, thanks a lot. August 16, 2016 at conclusion 1:12 pm, Prabanya said: They were very simple.. But, good.. They helped me..
August 19, 2016 at 5:44 pm, ananay chhetri 7 said: It was very use full tu me … Keep in touch …. I scored 18/20 in on media violence essay n letter. August 22, 2016 at 2:09 am, Tanya Roy said: It’s really useful for me… thnkiew so much..#128522;#128522;#128522; September 05, 2016 at 12:16 pm, Mounika said: Very useful. Thanks a ton #128578; September 15, 2016 at 4:28 am, Student said:
This was SOOOO helpful, I got an grammar A. September 15, 2016 at 4:29 am, Student said: I think that these are amazingly helpful. Paper On Media Violence? You should add a few words though. September 15, 2016 at 4:31 am, Yhandamene said: i am not ameracan and i am a xchang student, this was good for grammar mee. September 15, 2016 at on man epistle 2 interpretation 4:33 am, Tinye Rae said: My writing literately changed immensely bro. peace… September 15, 2016 at 4:36 am, Emerjihlia said: Wish you had more words on this, otherwise it made my essay from an grammar F to an A+. I guess I had to do some work to though, that’s some effort! September 16, 2016 at 1:39 am, joe anchany said: the word more plausible and supplementary.
September 16, 2016 at research violence 1:46 am, kira Mayfield said: I believe think that you should add exclusively. September 16, 2016 at 1:47 am, kira Mayfield said: I think that you should add exclusively. September 17, 2016 at 2:59 pm, Rowan said: I use these words all the time in my undergrad papers, yet my lecturers always complain that theses words are high school level writing. :/ September 20, 2016 at 2:30 pm, Tanmay said: Would like to add a few more…. ‘ a sharp irony ‘. Meaning- a sharp contrast. ‘ inspite of the conclusion, fact that….’ September 21, 2016 at 5:10 pm, moomina said: the best thing on internet i found so far is this article , I must say its a brilliant peace of work . Assignment Homework? hands up for essay the writer.
October 04, 2016 at epistle 5:19 am, Tanyu Gracious said: Amazingly great one..(^_^) Not only my essay but my language has also impproved. October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am, Achyuth said: October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am, Stormy said: Are you kidding. As an English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to essay conclusion be original rather than use cliche phrases.
Ugh! Not helpful. You’re perpetuating the worst in writing. November 01, 2016 at 1:17 am, sylvia said: majority, it helped a lot of people!! December 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm, Hope said: you’re the assignment, one who’s kidding not the essay grammar, one who provided us with them. Assignment? English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . December 21, 2016 at grammar 8:16 pm, Hope said: you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am, Carol said: These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay.
Do NOT use these. October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm, KittyKat300 said: Awesome tips I got a great grade! October 30, 2016 at research paper on media 1:28 am, lolo said: November 01, 2016 at 1:15 am, sylvia said: this are very helpful, thanks bro : ) November 01, 2016 at 2:41 pm, Julia Jeka said: Great!! They are all really helpful. November 05, 2016 at essay grammar 6:13 pm, Ro Mon Lian said: Thank you a lot, It is massively helpful for a beginner. How can we learn more?
Is there any book to purchase? November 08, 2016 at 11:51 am, Leah okoth said: Thank you so much. You have made it sink into my head. I believe it will help me even in my presentation. November 08, 2016 at 7:07 pm, Brenda McDermott said: LOVE YOU ALL, THANKS FOR ALL THIS HELP, IT’S INVALUABLE FOR ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITING SKILLS. December 01, 2016 at 4:31 pm, Lia said: December 01, 2016 at 4:33 pm, Lia said: I am so glad, that some people write down these really helpful words. My essay will sound great #128521;
Thank you so much #128578; December 02, 2016 at 1:06 pm, Vrunda said: Thank you so much for such a significant piece of assignment homework, knowledge. Please keep writing such useful posts. December 03, 2016 at 3:56 pm, Nick said: All of these phrases helped a lot to write an essay conclusion grammar assay. Assignment Homework? I am not from America so my vocabulary was very limited, nonetheless I took a A. Thank you very much for your help and pls let me know if you have any books that are going to conclusion help to write an assay. Have a wonderful day. December 09, 2016 at an essay 1:53 am, Eden said: I wish you would make it a book.
This is essay grammar a life saver to non native speakers. December 12, 2016 at poet playwright and essayist 12:11 pm, Succ said: Just kidding, it was really helpful need linking words and good phrases like this makes essay better and advanced. December 12, 2016 at 4:40 pm, Erkin said: “To sum up” is also a good one for the finishing paragraph. And it is not commonly used. December 14, 2016 at 5:32 pm, Ameer said: Much obliged and honoured to come across such a rhetorical and journalistic piece of essay conclusion, writing. December 21, 2016 at 8:08 pm, fatma said: yes you’re right man.
Can we be friends to a book of essays exchange our essays if you want to essay !? December 17, 2016 at 10:27 am, falahi said: Thanks to your efforts. It’s great! December 18, 2016 at 10:18 am, shoneymol shaju said: This is assignment homework really helpful to all and puts new updates for everyone’s knowledge.
I could know more than before and grammar, I am approaching IELTS exam so it will be helpful for me in writing. December 21, 2016 at 8:04 pm, fatma said: wow!! these words are great . Homework? Thank you so much for such a help ; you’ve really helped me. Grammar? Another point to remember :p is that my essay is thirsty to such words . ^^ thanks. January 03, 2017 at 12:40 am, Sayu said: Very useful students. It helped me a lot. Thanks. January 05, 2017 at 4:19 pm, uiyu said:
January 05, 2017 at 4:20 pm, uiyu said: January 05, 2017 at 4:20 pm, jojo said: January 15, 2017 at 7:58 am, nebiat tesfay said: thanks it really helpfull. January 22, 2017 at 12:25 pm, Steph said: Brilliant! Very useful. January 30, 2017 at violence 4:50 pm, Krishna said: Perspicuous to read and grasp. February 04, 2017 at 12:52 am, Kai Awesome said: This helped me a lot.
Thanks. February 18, 2017 at 4:41 pm, Barath said: Very useful for me as I am seven th only. February 18, 2017 at 4:43 pm, Barath said: Thanks for ur information. February 21, 2017 at 6:16 pm, Saud said:
February 25, 2017 at grammar 3:51 am, Faiz said: Very help for my SPM. February 25, 2017 at resource management 3:52 am, Faiz said: Very help for essay grammar my SPM. March 01, 2017 at 11:12 pm, Ashton said: Was in English class and assignment, our teacher told us to go on this website and I’m really bored at the moment. March 02, 2017 at essay conclusion 6:19 am, ally said: March 08, 2017 at 11:19 am, saanvi said: nice dude really loved it.
March 09, 2017 at 1:51 am, Jay Munjapra said: Helped me a lot… March 09, 2017 at 5:18 pm, Priyanshu Raturi said: It is Best For Students In ICSE 10th Really Helps To Impress The Examiner. March 09, 2017 at 8:12 pm, Benmaamar said: March 23, 2017 at thesis 7:13 am, stella said: thank you so much, it is awesome especially to conclusion foreign students like me.
March 25, 2017 at 8:51 pm, Yaroslav said: Thanks! Working on resource system, it. March 30, 2017 at 4:34 pm, fatima said: very useful tnx. April 01, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Tawanda Bundukutu said: April 18, 2017 at 8:09 pm, Omar Hidar said: Pretty nice, I benefitted alot from essay, it, thank you. April 18, 2017 at 11:40 pm, Sameer The Nice said: Wanderful, although I don’t need them at on media violence all. Nice job, could be usefull in the future although I don’t intend to. April 19, 2017 at 2:16 am, edward said:
April 25, 2017 at conclusion grammar 8:55 am, loshnee said: Thanks for and essayist your information it was so helpfull to me even i get 2 a in exam paper 1 and 2 i think it helpfull to junior and senior student. April 26, 2017 at 5:35 pm, Daniru said: Really ,really helpful article for the exams. April 29, 2017 at 2:43 pm, farmacia viagra said: Erettile per erezione disfunzione vardenafil e cialis di problemi ipertensione 17 rx farmacia italia sicura anni. May 11, 2017 at 9:22 pm, Ujjwal Sawarn said: These aren’t just catchy and strongly pronounced but moreover, they extend the length of the conclusion grammar, sentence.
It’s one of the best parts of this article. May 14, 2017 at 4:52 am, harper123 said: neat. helped me a lot. May 14, 2017 at 4:55 am, watchsuperwomanonyoutube said: thanks. now I can impress my English teacher! May 26, 2017 at epistle 4:48 am, Jesse and Micheal said: Very very useful. May 29, 2017 at 1:46 am, fabi said:
I proud of essay conclusion, you because you helped other on their study very beautifully. May 31, 2017 at 10:18 am, kato said: damn, that is just what I need, thanks. June 01, 2017 at 7:02 am, Wowie said: Perfect! Thanks for the tip! June 04, 2017 at assignment 3:01 pm, Ellie said: this was really helpful thank you so much ! June 09, 2017 at 7:52 pm, Amisha said: Helped me in essay grammar my test as well as in increasing my vocabulary. June 10, 2017 at 7:20 pm, Aids said:
Thanks, this helped me a lot. – Aiden from Zimbabwe. June 12, 2017 at and essayist 1:38 pm, Genius alien said: Yeah ty a lot it can help me beat my bro at grammar writing essay #128578; June 12, 2017 at 4:31 pm, mariah said: not very helpful I am sorry. June 14, 2017 at 5:20 am, Daniel John Seni said: This article is very important and poet playwright and essayist, useful! sometimes as we right, we tend to essay grammar forget some words which are very important in writing essay. we normally use informal words-at the end of the day we score poor marks and we complain why. Thanks for the one who prepared. June 15, 2017 at 5:59 am, nicole said: thanks it was very helpful.
June 16, 2017 at 3:15 pm, mamta v gandhi said: it just helped me a lot …not only me but many of the people ..i was shocked seeing so many comments that it helped many people, these phrases and words were so helpful to me Oh My God …thanks a lot … June 25, 2017 at 12:57 pm, Ali said: July 12, 2017 at 10:43 pm, Mary Brooks said: What beautiful way for write, they person that write about Blake. July 18, 2017 at and essayist 7:10 am, Praveen ravindran said: Thank you!! this words wil defintly help me on essay once again thanks to you. please try this words on essay turst me!
July 24, 2017 at 11:48 am, Bubbablueeeee said: This was so helpful ty. July 26, 2017 at 5:38 pm, Malik Dawson said: This really helped me to get a better grade on essay grammar, my essay. ( ?° ?? ?°) Love this. ( ?° ?? ?°) SUBSCRIBE TO ME “BlastCrib23” and My FRIEND “MODDER” ON PS3 Hes Jailbroken, “SwagMods” On YouTube.( ?° ?? ?°) MAKE SURE TO SUBSCRIBE TO BOTH CHANNELS ON YOUTUBE ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ August 02, 2017 at 6:59 pm, MAika said:
Thanks.. i was struggling alot.. but now this made it a lot easier#128522;#128522;#128076; August 02, 2017 at homework 7:01 pm, shourya mathur said: August 08, 2017 at 4:01 am, helani said: Thank you very much. August 19, 2017 at essay conclusion 2:02 am, gkmurthy said: they are there. How Do I Cite Of Essays Apa? but we won’t use them frequently. Conclusion Grammar? that’s the problem.
August 31, 2017 at 1:21 pm, Laura Croft said: Not to mention that my favourite words to playwright use in essay conclusion grammar academic writing are thus and i cite a book apa, hence! #128512; September 04, 2017 at grammar 1:02 pm, true said: I’m not ?ertain where you are getting our infomation, however good topic. I needs to spend some tіme finding out more.
or figuring out research more. Thank you for fantastic info I was searching for thіs information for my.