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Ap Literature Sample Essay 3 Questions. Your interpretation of the text is apt and shows that you generally understood it , although your analysis may be more conventional or include less specific textual evidence than a 98 essay. Being? This will help you retain information and actively engage with the essay on jamaica, passage. Most works will be originally written in English , although you may occasionally see a passage in translation. You may well find academic designations of literary merit elitist and problematic , but the late essay, time to term jesus rage against the literary establishment is not your AP lit test. Youll want to know all the being to work essay, characters , the plot , the themes , and any major devices or motifs the author uses throughout.
But who is to essay blame for this moral lapse in being late, judgment. Essay? Obviously the being to work essay, person who pulled the trigger , right. Mba Essay 2013? Sample Responses Q3. But what about other shady characters like Tom and Daisy Buchanan who lied to Ge. But what about other shady characters like Tom and Daisy Buchanan who lied to Ge. See my One thing students may not do very much on their own time , but that will help a lot with exam prep , is to essay read poetry.
Essays scored a 1 contain little coherent discussion of the poem. Sociology reflective essay words studymode. You might check out the College Boards list of when is war justified essay, notable authors on pages 1011 of the so that youll be sure to being late be prepared to write a strong student choice essay. The exam tests your ability to term analyze works and excerpts of literature and also cogently communicate that analysis in essay form. Being Late To Work? The purpose of this report is to give the mba essay questions 2013, reader an understanding of the growing arguments of whether or not violent video games damage the to work, mentality of food pizza, children and lead teens to juvenile tendencies. These essays compound the weaknesses of the essays in the 43 score range. AP® ENGLISH LITERATURE. 2006 SCORING. Question 3. ( Significant. Late? In no case may a poorly written essay be scored higher than a 3. 9−8 These detailed , . AP® ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION.
Question 3. ( Acts of. In no case may a poorly written essay be scored higher than a 3. Sample: 3A. Sample student responses and scoring commentary for term, the secure 2016 AP. Free Response 3 Free-Response Questions | 2 Hours | 55% of Exam Score. Visit the College Board on the Web: www. Collegeboard. Org.
Question 3: Intentional Deception. The score should reflect the quality of the late to work essay, essay as a whole its . In no case may a poorly written essay be scored higher than a 3. Question 1 , the is war justified, poetry question , asked students to read carefully Juggler , a poem by the . AP® English Literature and Composition. 2016 Free-Response Questions. This question counts as one-third of the total essay section score.). Late Essay? Page 3. Such a character , for example , may choose to mislead others for personal safety , to. AP® ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION. Question 3. Than a 3. Is War Justified Essay? 9−8. These essays offer a well-focused and persuasive analysis of the nature of. Examples as instances of cruelty without fully explaining how they are connected . Example , Measure for Measure) the being late essay, full significance of the title becomes. Select one work of acknowledged literary merit and in essay kincaid, a well-written essay. Wright uses to guide his audience’s responses to essay the central characters and the action.
If you eliminate all of the answers you know are wrong before guessing , youll up your chances of essays, guessing the correct one. Whether the 2017 test date of is near or far , Im here to help you get serious about preparing for the exam. In many ways , inference questions are like secondlevel reading comprehension questionsyou need to know not just what a passage says , but what it means. These questions are less about the literary artistry and more about the fairly dry technique involved in having a fluent command of the English language. They may be poorly written on several counts and contain distracting errors in grammar and mechanics ap literature sample essay 3 questions . Being able to identify and understand structural , tonal , in genre , etcwill be of key importance for these questions. Essay? These essays offer a range of interpretations they provide a convincing reading and analysis of the poem. Essay On Jamaica Kincaid? These essays may be unfocused , poorly organized , completely unsupported , andor riddled with grammatical errors As you can see , the rubric for the poetry essay is focused more on poetic devices , and the rubric for being late, the prose essay is focused more on literary devices and mba essay 2013, techniques. Youll need to be able to do this both to gather evidence for original arguments on the freeresponse questions and to answer analytical multiplechoice questions. They often rely on being late essay paraphrase , which may contain some analysis , implicit or explicit.
American romantics were influenced by the literary eras that came before them , In this guide Ill go over the tests format and question types , howits graded , best practices for when is war justified, preparation , and test day tips. Remarkable speakers spread their ideas through oratory , thrilling their audiences through powerful speeches that appealed to both emotion and logic. Essays scored a 7 present better developed analysis and more consistent command of the elements of effective composition than do essays scored a 6. These essays respond plausibly to to work essay the assigned task , but they tend to be superficial in their analysis. Your essay addresses the prompt , but your argument may be very basic andor rely too much on plot summary instead of christ, true analysis of the text. To Work Essay? Two competing political philosophies have always existed throughout the United States relatively short history one seeking to increase the power of the sites that, central government , and one seeking to decrease it. During the Civil War era there existed many factions seeking to dramatically change America. Essays scored a 1 contain little coherent discussion of the text. Your essay is not a total mess , but not necessarily particularly wellorganized or argued. Both of those essays are very specifically focused on the analysis of the being to work essay, poemprose excerpt. Only minimal attempt is made to respond to the prompt.
Although these essays may not be errorfree , their perceptive analysis is on jamaica kincaid girl apparent in writing that is clear and effectively organized. The AP Literature exam is a threehour exam It includes one 55question , hourlong multiplechoice section based on fourfive prose and late essay, poetry passages , and mba essay questions 2013, a two hour freeresponse section with three essaysone analyzing a poetry passage , one analyzing a prose passage , and one analyzing a work chosen by the student. These essays offer a reasonable analysis of the work of the assigned theme and how it relates to the work as a whole. Being To Work Essay? While these essays show insight and understanding , their analysis is less thorough , less perceptive , andor less specific in supporting detail than that of the 98 essays. Often , they are unacceptably brief or incoherent in presenting their ideas. The analysis may be partial , unconvincing , or irrelevant , or ignore part of the essay, assigned task. The multiplechoice section is worth 45 of your total score and the freeresponse section is worth 55. These lowerhalf essays fail to offer an adequate analysis of the passage. I would personally like to thank Jeremy Rifkin for his earthshaking findings published in A Change of being late, Heart about Animals.
This will help on multiplechoice questions and the freeresponse essays. These essays are not as well conceived , organized , or developed as 76 essays. A 3 essay either significantly misinterprets the poem or is particularly poorly written. You rely too much on summary or paraphrase of the text in your argument instead of using specific moments in the text. Closereading is the ability to identify which techniques the author is using and why they are using them. You do reference specific moments in the text for support. When you think you have a grip on essay on jamaica kincaid girl basic comprehension , move on to closereading see below.
You can identify these questions from being to work essay, words like infer , and imply. It will help you Be aware that the released exams dont have complete slates of freeresponse questions , so you may need to supplement with released freeresponse questions see link in above section. It will help you Be aware that the released exams dont have complete slates of freeresponse questions , so you may need to sites pay for supplement with released freeresponse questions see link in to work essay, above section. Statement Of Thesis? Langston Hughes was a central figure in the Harlem Renaissance , the flowering of AfricanAmerican literature and being to work, artistic forms in Manhattan during the 1920s. A good way to approach these questions is to on jamaica kincaid ask yourself , so what. These questions will ask you to describe something about a character. Your AP class will likely focus heavily on close reading and being late to work, analysis of prose and questions, poetry , but extra practice wont hurt you. Evidence from the poem may be slight or misconstrued , or the essays may rely on paraphrase only.
Although these essays display an attempt to being late to work address the prompt , they may demonstrate a rather simplistic understanding and support from the text may be too general. Judgment plays a huge role in favorite food essay, morality since we are judged by being late our actions which then can develop into our character and in return dictate our fate. These essays make a strong case for the students interpretation. Since there are two complete released exams , you can take one towards the beginning of favorite, your prep time to to work get familiar with the exam and set a benchmark , and one towards the end to make sure the experience is mba essay 2013 fresh in your mind and to check your progress. Ap Central. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks Have any questions about this article or other topics. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks Have any questions about this article or other topics.
Ask below and well reply. Being To Work Essay? Your SATACT strategy guides are the on jamaica kincaid girl, best Ive ever read thanks so much for including me. Being To Work Essay? For example , you might discuss how the final lines in term paper, The Crossing conveythe sense of wonder in almost poetic form as the to work, s. The key to these questions is to not be tripped up by the fact that you are making an inferencethere will be a best answer , and it will be the choice that is best supported by what is actually found in the passage. The first two essays are literary analysis essays of specific passages , with one poem and one prose excerptand the final is an analysis of pay for, a given theme in a work selected by you , the student. These essays respond to the assigned task with a plausible reading , but they tend to be superficial or thinly developed in analysis. Your argument is convincing and it addresses all elements of the late, prompt. Here are 80 tone and attitude words to spruce up your essays. May be poorly written enough that it is sites that essays hard to understand. Ill break each of themdown here and give you tips on how to identify and essay, approach them.
Essays scored a 9 reveal more sophisticated analysis and more effective control of language than do essays scored an 8. Questions? You can spot them because they will refer directly to characters attitudes , opinions , beliefs , or relationships with other characters. Sample Responses Q3. Late To Work? Although these essays make some attempt to respond to the prompt , they compound the weaknesses of the papers in the 43 score range. Although these essays make some attempt to respond to the prompt , they compound the weaknesses of the kincaid girl, papers in the 43 score range. For the third and final essay , youll be asked to being to work essay discuss a particular theme in a work that you select. I would also include in this category very specific questions like the meter of a poem i. Again , youll probably learn most of these in class , but it doesnt hurt to sites essays brush up on being essay them. The multiplechoice section of the exam comprises 45 of your exam score. The analysis may be partial , unconvincing , or irrelevant the writers may ignore part of the pay for essays, assigned task.
To answer these questions , you need to specific structural elements of the being late to work, passagea shift in essay, tone , a digression , the late essay, specific form of a poem , etc. Leadership experience prior to MISEP I can remember early in mba essay 2013, my career, as somewhat a new teacher, I had in the back of my head that one day I would be a school . To Work Essay? . . Ap English Lit Form B Sgs Q3 | Ap Central. Sat / Act Prep Online Guides And Tips. AP English Literature and Composition. Sample student responses and scoring commentary for the secure 2016 AP. Favorite? Section , and then a two hour , three question freeresponse section. Question 1 , the being late to work, poetry question , asked students to read carefully Juggler , a poem by paper jesus the. Such a character , for example , may choose to mislead others for personal safety , to. AP English Literature Exam Format and Question Types. Question 3 Intentional Deception.
Use these sample AP English essays to get ideas for being late to work essay, your own AP essays. AP ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION. All questions are taken from the that pay for essays, sample questions on the AP Course and Exam Description. Being? These are multifaceted existential questions that ancient and modern philosophies have yet to adequately answer. This question counts as onethird of the total essay section score. Statement? These essays offer a wellfocused and persuasive analysis of the nature of. In no case may a poorly written essay be scored higher than a 3. Free Response 3 FreeResponse Questions 2 Hours 55 of Exam Score. Being Late To Work Essay? A written leadership philosophy achieves the same thing on a personal level: . . . We make the leadership philosophy part of every Academy Leadership program.
4.3 / 9. Visit the College Board on the Web www. Collegeboard. Org. Question 3 Intentional Deception. The score should reflect the quality of the essay as a whole its. Sample student responses and scoring commentary for the secure 2016 AP.
Free Response 3 Free-Response Questions 2 Hours 55 of Exam Score. In no case may a poorly written essay be scored higher than a 3. Question 1, the poetry question, asked students to term paper jesus read carefully Juggler, a poem by the.
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By Matt Margolis. By Michael Savage. By Michael Savage. By Tommy Newberry. By James Delingpole. By Jerome Corsi. By Jack Cashill. ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT FEATURES: Democrat Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. Sites Pay For Essays! was elected President of the United States on November 4, 2008. Prior to being late to work essay that, he had served four years as a U.S. senator from Illinois (2005-2008) and eight years as an mba essay questions 2013 Illinois state senator (1996-2004). “In Islam, religion passes from the father to the child.
Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. [his Kenyan birth father] was a Muslim who named his boy Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. Only Muslim children are named ‘Hussein’. [Barack Obama’s] stepfather, Lolo Soetoro, was also a Muslim. In fact, as Obama's half-sister, Maya Soetoro-Ng explained to Jodi Kantor of the being to work essay New York Times : ‘My whole family was Muslim, and pizza essay most of the people I knew were Muslim.’ An Indonesian publication, the Banjarmasin Post reports a former classmate, Rony Amir, recalling that ‘All the relatives of being late Barry's [Barack’s] father were very devout Muslims.’” * As a child in Indonesia, Obama attended Koranic classes at a Muslim school known as Besuki. At tha same time, he attended the St. Francis of questions 2013 Assisi Catholic School. * In February 2009, Obama said: I was not raised in a particularly religious household. I had a father who was born a Muslim but became an atheist, grandparents who were non-practicing Methodists and Baptists, and a mother who was skeptical of organized religion.
I didn't become a Christian until I moved to being late to work essay the South Side of paper jesus christ Chicago after college. * In a March 2009 interview, Obama's then-30-year-old half-brother, George Hussein Onyango Obama , said that “on the essay inside Barack Obama is Muslim.” * In September 2010, Obama said: I came to my Christian faith later in life. * Author Edward Klein , while researching his 2012 book The Amateur , once asked the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Obama's longtime pastor at essay kincaid Trinity United Methodisy Church in Chicago: Did you convert Obama from Islam to Christianity? Wright replied enigmatically: That's hard to tell. * Daniel Pipes writes that many pieces of evidence argue for Obama having been born and being essay raised a Muslim Specifically, says Pipes: (1) Islam is a patrilineal religion : In Islam, the father passes his faith to the children; and when a Muslim male has children with a non-Muslim female, Islam considers the children Muslim.
Obama's grandfather and father having been Muslims the extent of their piety matters not at all means that, in Muslim eyes, Barack was born a Muslim. (2) Arabic forenames based on the H-S-N trilateral root : All such names (Husayn or Hussein, Hasan, Hassân, Hasanayn, Ahsan, Muhsin, and others) are exclusively bestowed on essay Muslim babies. To Work! (The same goes for names based on the H-M-D root.) Obama's middle name, Hussein, explicitly proclaims him a born Muslim. (3) Registered as Muslim at SD Katolik Santo Fransiskus Asisi : Obama was registered at a Catholic school in Jakarta as Barry Soetoro. A surviving document correctly lists him as born in Honolulu on Aug. 4, 1961; in addition, it lists him having Indonesian nationality and Muslim religion.
(4) Registered as Muslim at term jesus SD Besuki : Although Besuki (also known as SDN 1 Menteng) is a public school, Obama curiously refers to it in Audacity (p. To Work! 154) as the Muslim school he attended in Jakarta. Its records have not survived but several journalists (Haroon Siddiqui of the Toronto Star , Paul Watson of the Los Angeles Times , David Maraniss of the Washington Post ) have all confirmed that there too, he was registered as a Muslim. (5) Islamic class at SD Besuki : Obama mentions ( Audacity , p. 154) that at Besuki, the teacher wrote to tell my mother that I made faces during Koranic studies. Only Muslim students attended the weekly two-hour Koran class, Watson reports: two of his teachers, former Vice Principal Tine Hahiyari and third-grade teacher Effendi, said they remember clearly that at this school too, he was registered as a Muslim, which determined what class he attended during weekly religion lessons.
Muslim students were taught by questions 2013, a Muslim teacher, and Christian students were taught by a Christian teacher, said Effendi. Andrew Higgins of the Washington Post quotes Rully Dasaad, a former classmate, saying that Obama horsed around in being late class and, during readings of the Koran, got laughed at because of his funny pronunciation. Maraniss learned that the class included not only studying how to pray and how to read the Koran, but also actually praying in the Friday communal service right on the school grounds. (6) Mosque attendance : Maya Soetoro-Ng, Obama's younger half-sister, said her father (namely, Barack's stepfather) attended the mosque for big communal events, Barker found that Obama occasionally followed his stepfather to the mosque for Friday prayers. Watson reports: The childhood friends say Obama sometimes went to Friday prayers at the local mosque. We prayed but not really seriously, just following actions done by older people in the mosque. But as kids, we loved to pay for essays meet our friends and went to late to work the mosque together and played, said Zulfin Adi, who describes himself as among Obama's closest childhood friends. Sometimes, when the pay for muezzin sounded the call to prayer, Lolo and Barry would walk to late essay the makeshift mosque together, Adi said.
His mother often went to the church, but Barry was Muslim. He went to the mosque, Adi said. (7) Muslim clothing : Adi recalls about Obama, I remember him wearing a sarong. Likewise,Maraniss found not only mba essay, that His classmates recalled that Barry wore a sarong but written exchanges indicating that he continued to wear this garment in the United States. This fact has religious implications because, in Indonesian culture, only being late to work essay, Muslims wear sarongs. (8) Piety : Obama says that in Indonesia, he didn't practice [Islam], an assertion that inadvertently acknowledges his Muslim identity by pizza, implying he was a non-observant Muslim. But several of those who knew him contradict this recollection. Being Late To Work Essay! Rony Amir describes Obama as previously quite religious in Islam. A former teacher, Tine Hahiyary, quoted in the Kaltim Post , says the future president took part in advanced Islamic religious lessons: I remember that he had studied mengaji . In the context of Southeast Asian Islam, mengaji Quran means to justified essay recite the Koran in Arabic, a difficult task denoting advanced study. In summary, the record points to to work essay Obama having been born a Muslim to essay on jamaica kincaid girl a non-practicing Muslim father and having lived for four years in a fully Muslim milieu under the late auspices of his Muslim Indonesian stepfather.
For these reasons, those who knew Obama in define Indonesia considered him a Muslim. * Daniel Pipes has pointed out the significance of the manner in which Obama typically addresses Muslim audiences: “When addressing Muslim audiences, Obama uses specifically Muslim phrases that recall his Muslim identity. He addressed audiences both in late to work essay Cairo (in June 2009 ) and on jamaica kincaid girl Jakarta (in Nov. 2010 ) with 'as-salaamu alaykum,' a greeting that he, who went to being Koran class, knows is reserved for one Muslim addressing another.” Further, Pipes notes that “In Cairo, he [Obama] also deployed several other pious terms that signal to Muslims he is christ, one of them: (a) 'the Holy Koran' (a term mentioned five times): an exact translation from the standard Arabic reference to the Islamic scripture, al-Qur'an al-Karim ; (b) 'the right path': a translation of the Arabic as-sirat al-mustaqim , which Muslims ask God to being essay guide them along each time they pray; (c) 'I have known Islam on three continents before coming to the region where it was first revealed': non-Muslims do not refer to essay on jamaica kincaid girl Islam as revealed ; (d) 'the story of Isra, when Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed joined in prayer': this Koranic tale of a night journey establishes the leadership of Muhammad over all other holy figures, including Jesus; (e) 'Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed, peace be upon them': a translation of the Arabic 'alayhim as-salam , which pious Muslims say after mentioning the to work essay names of dead prophets other than Muhammad.” * Pipes offers also the following insight about paper Obama's use of the phrase Peace be upon them: “Obama's saying 'Peace be upon them' has other implications beyond being a purely Islamic turn of phrase never employed by Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians. Being Late To Work Essay! First, it contradicts what a self-professed Christian believes because it implies that Jesus, like Moses and Muhammad, is dead; Christian theology holds him to jesus christ have been resurrected, living, and the immortal Son of God. Second, including Muhammad in being late essay this blessing implies reverence for him, something as outlandish as a Jew talking about Jesus Christ . Third, a Christian would more naturally seek peace from Jesus rather than wish peace on him.” “[Obama] drastically overestimates both the number and the role of Muslims in the United States, announcing in sites pay for essays June 2009 that 'if you actually took the number of late to work Muslims Americans, we'd be one of the largest Muslim countries in the world.' (Hardly: according to justified one listing of Muslim populations , the United States, with about 2.5 million Muslims , ranks about late essay 47 th largest.) Three days later , he gave a bloated estimate of favorite food essay 'nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today' and bizarrely announced that 'Islam has always been a part of America's story. since our founding, American Muslims have enriched the United States.' Obama also announced the dubious fact, in Apr. Being Late To Work Essay! 2009 , that many Americans 'have Muslims in sites that pay for essays their families or have lived in a Muslim-majority country.' When ordering religious communities in being essay the United States, Obama always gives first place to Christians but second place varies between Jews and Muslims, most notably in his Jan. 2009 inaugural speech: 'The United States is a nation of Christians and paper Muslims, Jews and Hindus and non-believers.' Obama so wildly overestimates the Muslim role in American life that they suggest an Islamic supremacist mentality specific to someone coming from a Muslim background.” The 1970s and to work essay CPUSA Member Frank Marshall Davis: In 1971, Obama was sent back to Hawaii to be raised largely by his white, middle-class, maternal grandparents, and to attend the prestigious Punahou Academy. For only sites pay for, one month of his life, also when he was ten, Obama was visited by his biological father.
To avoid being mistaken for a sellout,I chose my friends carefully. The more politically active black students. The foreign students. Being To Work! The Chicanos.The Marxist Professors and the structural feminists and punk-rock performance poets.We smoked cigarettes and wore leather jackets. At night,in the statement of thesis dorms,we discussed neocolonialism, [the socialist, anti-colonialist revolutionary] Franz Fanon,Eurocentrism,and patriarchy. When we ground out our cigarettes in the hallway carpet or set our stereos so loud that the walls began to shake, we were resisting bourgeois society's stifling constraints. Essay! We weren't indifferent or careless or insecure. We were alienated. John C. Drew's Recollections of Obama as a Student at Occidental College: What’s missing from sites that essays this story is that the 'social justice' young men and women were, in fact, simply left-wing socialists. To Work! They found a hero in Professor Boesche because he made complex texts easier to understand and because he encouraged them to fight even though they would be inevitably ground up in the gears of history.
The outrage that Obama felt when he got a 'B' from Boesche was due to mba essay questions the idea that Obama felt he was held to a higher standard because he was a revolutionary who shared Boesche’s perspective. Obama felt he was held to a higher standard because he was one of the student[s] in greatest ideological agreement with what Professor Boesche was teaching at late to work essay that time. In February 2010, John C. That Pay For! Drew shared the following recollections he had of Obama: I met Barack Obama face-to-face later that same year in late December 1980. By then, I was in my second year of graduate school at being late essay Cornell. I was doing my first, official teaching. The young Ann Coulter was a student in Theodore J. Lowi’s Introduction to American Government course in 1980 and I was the mba essay questions 2013 teaching assistant responsible for guiding her small group discussion section.
Back on the West Coast for being late to work Christmas break, I was visiting a girlfriend who was still attending Occidental College who introduced me to 'Barry' Obama and his housemate Mohammed Hasan Chandoo, a wealthy Pakistani student. From Occidental, Obama transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he graduated in pay for 1983 with a degree in political science. In 1982, Obama's biological father -- Barack Obama, Sr. -- died in a car crash. In Dreams From My Father , Obama reveals that during his student years at Columbia he “went to socialist conferences at being to work Cooper Union and African cultural fairs in Brooklyn.” Specifically, these were Socialist Scholars Conferences (SSC), which featured the elite of kincaid girl socialist academia as well as union activists, political revolutionaries, reformers, and opponents of “corporate greed.” According to the libertarian writer Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotskyists, black radicals, gay activists and late to work essay radical feminists.” Matthew Vadum and Jeremy Lott provide an paper excellent explanation of what a community organizer does. They write: “What does a “community organizer” do? Good question. Being To Work Essay! Ever since former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani mocked Senator Barack Obama at the Republican convention in September 2008, for jesus the senator’s community organizing past, and essay Alaska Governor Sarah Palin said that her previous experience as mayor was “sort of like a ‘community organizer,’ except that you have actual responsibilities,” [Obama’s] supporters have been furiously spinning this one. They’ve suggested a fanciful interpretation of “community organizer” that includes organizing church picnics and bake sales.
Some have even had the cheek to suggest that Jesus Christ was a community organizer. Dr. Thomas Sowell, the of thesis eminent Stanford University sociologist, offers this assessment of what community organizers do: For 'community organizers' . To Work Essay! racial resentments are a stock in trade. Essay! What does a community organizer do? What he does not do is organize a community. What he organizes are the resentments and paranoia within a community, directing those feelings against being late, other communities, from of thesis whom either benefits or revenge are to being essay be gotten, using whatever rhetoric or tactics will accomplish that purpose. Political analyst Andrew McCarthy calls community organizing a gussied-up term for systematic rabble-rousing. He adds:
The quest for raw power is the questions 2013 gospel according to to work the seminal organizer, Saul Alinsky. In Obama terminology, 'hope' is the possibility that power may be wrested from society’s 'haves' by infiltrating their political system. Just as Willie Sutton robbed banks because that’s where the money is, organizers must target the very system they reject to acquire powermaking themselves attractive to mba essay questions the great mass of being society despite having 'contemptuously rejected the sites values and the way of life of the middle class,' as Alinsky put it. This is the formula for transformational 'change': the exploitation of power, once acquired, to redistribute wealth and elevate the left’s professionally aggrieved vanguard. The day after the rally, Marty [Jerry Kellman in late essay Dreams] decided it was time for me to do some real work, and he handed me a long list of people to interview. Find out their self-interest, he said. Term Jesus Christ! That’s why people become involved in organizingbecause they think they’ll get something out of it. Once I found an issue enough people cared about, I could take them into action. With enough actions, I could start to build power. Issues, action, power, self-interest.
I liked these concepts. They bespoke a certain hardheadedness, a worldly lack of sentiment; politics, not religion. Obama's expenses at DCP were signed and approved by the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, a far-leftist who founded the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD); who famously credited Mikhail Gorbachev, not Reagan or John Paul II, with having brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union; and who called for a “consistent ethic of life,” in being an effort to of thesis persuade anti-abortion Catholics to likewise embrace pacifism and wealth redistribution. He pursued manifestly worthy goals; protecting people from asbestos in government housing projects is obviously a good thing and a responsibility of the government that built them. But [in every case except one] the proposed solution to being late every problem on the South Side was a distribution of define of thesis government funds .  Nor was Obama reluctant to late use intimidation as a tactic. In one instance, he personally orchestrated a demonstration in which scores of protestors broke into a private meeting between bank executives and local community leaders, menacing them as they attempted to negotiate a deal vis a vis a controversial landfill issue. In 1987, when Obama was executive director of DCP, he asked Chicago mayor Harold Washington to support a community organizing project whose advisory board would include Obama's pastor Jeremiah Wright, the leftist Catholic priest Michael Pfleger, Illinois State Senator Emil Jones, and John Ayers (brother of former Weather Underground terrorist Bill Ayers). In a followup letter addressed to favorite pizza Washington’s assistant three days later, Obama again laid out late to work essay his plans and included a list of his advisory council members.
Trained in the Saul Alinsky Method: Three of Obama's mentors in Chicago were trained at the Saul Alinsky-founded Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) in the Windy City. Favorite! (The Developing Communities Project itself was an affiliate of the Gamaliel Foundation, whose modus operandi for being late to work essay the creation of “a more just and pizza essay democratic society” is being late to work, rooted firmly in the Alinsky method.) Alinsky was known for having helped to establish the aggressive political tactics that characterized the 1960s, and which have remained central to all subsequent revolutionary movements in is war essay the United States. He was a natural, the undisputed master of agitation, who could engage a room full of recruiting targets in a rapid-fire Socratic dialogue, nudging them to admit that they were not living up to their own standards. Late To Work Essay! As with the panhandler, he could be aggressive and confrontational. With probing, sometimes personal questions, he would pinpoint the source of pain in mba essay questions their lives, tearing down their egos just enough before dangling a carrot of hope that they could make things better. For several years, Obama himself taught workshops on the Alinsky method.
“Grass-roots community organizing builds on indigenous leadership and being to work direct action. The debate as to how black and other dispossessed people can forward their lot in America is not new. On Jamaica Kincaid Girl! From W. E. B. Being Late To Work! DuBois to Booker T. Favorite Pizza Essay! Washington to Marcus Garvey to Malcolm X to Martin Luther King, this internal debate has raged between integration and nationalism, between accommodation and being militancy, between sit-down strikes and sites that essays boardroom negotiations. The lines between these strategies have never been simply drawn, and the most successful black leadership has recognized the need to bridge these seemingly divergent approaches. Author Andrew McCarthy makes the following observations about Obama's words: Breathtaking. Lawfulness and lawlessness, thuggishness and regular politicswe’re not to divine any moral or ethical differences. They are just different 'approaches' to empowerment.
They only 'seem' to be 'divergent.' It may be important to maintain the veneer of respect for legal processes, but it is being to work essay, just as legitimate to stretch or break the of thesis rules whenever necessary to achieve the desired outcomesocial justice being a higher form of legitimacy than society’s rule of law. Separatism, menacing, and civil disobedience: none of these is beyond the pale; they are simply choices on the hard power menu Obama 'bridges' with soft power (i.e., the system’s mundane legal and political processes). As a young community organizer, Obama had close connections to the Midwest Academy, a radical training ground for activists of his political ilk. Probably the most influential community-organizing-related entity in America at that time, the Midwest Academy worked closely with the late to work DSA and synthesized Saul Alinsky’s organizing techniques with the practical considerations of essay on jamaica kincaid girl electoral politics. Emphasizing “class consciousness” and “movement history,” the Academy’s training programs exposed students to the efforts and achievements of veteran activists from earlier decades. Recurring “socialism sessions,” taught by Heather Booth, encompassed everything from Marx and Engels through Michael Harrington’s democratic socialism and the factional struggles of the Students for being late essay a Democratic Society, a radical organization that aspired to remake America’s government in a Marxist image. Knowing that many Americans would be unreceptive to pay for essays straightforward, hard-left advocacy, the late to work Midwest Academy in its formative years was careful not to explicitly articulate its socialist ideals in its organizing and paper jesus christ training activities.
The group’s inner circle was wholly committed to building a socialist mass movement, but stealthily rather than overtly. As Midwest Academy trainer Steve Max and the prominent socialist Harry Boyte agreed in a private correspondence: “Every social proposal that we make must be [deceptively] couched in terms of how it will strengthen capitalism.” This strategy of hiding its own socialist agendas below the proverbial radar, earned the being Academy the designation “crypto-socialist organization” from Stanley Kurtz. “Nearly every thread of term jesus Obama’s career runs directly or indirectly through the Midwest Academy,” says Kurtz, and, as such, it represents “the hidden key to being late Barack Obama’s political career.” The author elaborates: “Obama’s organizing mentors had ties to [the Midwest Academy]; Obama’s early funding was indirectly controlled by it; evidence strongly suggests that Obama himself received training there; both Barack and Michelle Obama ran a project called ‘Public Allies’ that was effectively an extension of the Midwest Academy; Obama’s first run for sites that public office was sponsored by Academy veteran Alice Palmer; and Obama worked closely at two foundations for years with yet another veteran organizer from the Midwest Academy, Ken Rolling. Perhaps more important, Barack Obama’s approach to politics is clearly inspired by to work, that of the Midwest Academy.” Obama and the Alliance for Better Chicago Schools: In 1988 Obama applied for admission to term paper jesus christ Harvard Law School.
At the being late to work time, a Muslim attorney and black nationalist named Khalid Abdullah Tariq al-Mansour asked civil rights activist Percy Sutton to send a letter of favorite food recommendation to his (Sutton's) friends at Harvard on Obama's behalf. In an interview published by the Daily Herald on March 3, 1990, Barck Obama said: I feel good when I'm engaged in what I think are the to work essay core issues of the society, and those core issues to me are what's happening to poor folks in this society. There's certainly racism here [at Harvard Law School]. On Jamaica! There are certain burdens that are placed [on blacks], more emotionally at this point than concretely. Hopefully, more and more people will begin to feel their story is somehow part of this larger story of how we're going to reshape America in a way that is less mean-spirited and more generous. I mean, I really hope to be part of a transformation of late this country. In May 2012, Breitbart News reported that it had obtained a 36-page promotional booklet produced in 1991 by Barack Obama's then-literary agency, Acton Dystel, which stated that Obama was born in Kenya and raised in that pay for Indonesia and Hawaii. The booklet, which was distributed to people in the publishing industry, includes a brief biography of Obama and being late essay 89 other authors represented by Acton Dystel.
Obama’s biography in the booklet reads as follows: Barack Obama, the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review , was born in Kenya and raised in Indonesia and Hawaii. The son of an American anthropologist and a Kenyan finance minister, he attended Columbia University and worked as a financial journalist and sites pay for essays editor for being late to work Business International Corporation. He served as project coordinator in term paper jesus christ Harlem for the New York Public Interest Research Group, and was Executive Director of the being late Developing Communities Project in Chicago’s South Side. That Pay For! His commitment to social and racial issues will be evident in his first book, Journeys in Black and White . The booklet also included biographies of such notable authors as former Speaker of the House Tip O’Neill, sports legends Joe Montana and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and a number of Hollywood celebrities.
Jay Acton (of Acton Dystel) told Breitbart News that the booklet had cost the agency tens of thousands of dollars to produce. He said that while almost nobody wrote his or her own biography, the non-athletes in the booklet were probably approached to being to work approve the text as presented. His most traditional course was in term the due process and equal protection areas of constitutional law. To Work! His voting rights class traced the evolution of election law, from the disenfranchisement of blacks to contemporary debates over districting and campaign finance. His most original course, a historical and political seminar as much as a legal one, was on racism and law [In] one class on is war race, he imitated the way clueless white people talked. 'Why are your friends at the housing projects shooting each other?' he asked in a mock-innocent voice. . Mr. Obama was especially eager for his charges to understand the essay horrors of the past, students say. He assigned a 1919 catalog of lynching victims, including some who were first raped or stripped of their ears and fingers, others who were pregnant or lynched with their children, and some whose charred bodies were sold off, bone fragment by bone fragment, to gawkers. 'Are there legal remedies that alleviate not just existing racism, but racism from the on jamaica past?' Adam Gross, now a public interest lawyer in Chicago, wrote in being essay his class notes in April 1994. Liberals flocked to his classes[.] After all, the professor was a progressive politician[.] . Karen McQuillan writes, in American Thinker , that Obama was a lecturer, and favorite food pizza essay not a full professor, because he did not have the qualifications to be a professor.
Adds McQuillan: Obama never published a single law paper. He was hired by the University of Chicago when they learned he had been given a book contract on race and being to work law directly after graduating from Harvard. Questions! There was no book just the contract, which he later reneged on. This is not the normal level of accomplishment for a University of Chicago professor or even lecturer. Introduction to ACORN and to work Project Vote: In the early to mid-1990s, Obama worked with ACORN, a grassroots political organization that grew out of George Wiley's National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO).
In the late 1960s and early 70s, NWRO members had invaded welfare offices across the that U.S. -- often violently -- bullying social workers and loudly demanding every penny to which the law “entitled” them.  Litigator for late essay Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C .: In 1993 Barack Obama took a job as a litigator of voting rights and employment cases with the law firm Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C. (a.k.a. Davis Miner). That same year, he also became a lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School. Obama -- along with such notables as Al Sharpton and paper jesus Jeremiah Wright -- helped organize the October 1995 Million Man March in Washington, DC, which featured Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. Said Obama in the immediate aftermath of the March: “What I saw was a powerful demonstration of an impulse and need for African-American men to come together to recognize each other and being to work essay affirm our rightful place in the society.
Historically, African-Americans have turned inward and towards black nationalism whenever they have a sense, as we do now, that the mainstream has rebuffed us, and that white Americans couldn’t care less about the pay for essays profound problems African-Americans are facing.” Obama Smears White Executives in being late to work the Suburbs: I worked as a community organizer in Chicago. I was very active in low-income neighborhoods, working on issues of pay for essays crime and education and employment, and being to work essay seeing that in sites that some ways, certain portions of the African American community are doing as bad if not worse, and recognizing that my fate remained tied up with their fates, that my individual salvation is not going to come about without a collective salvation for to work essay the country. Unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices, and this country has not always been willing to statement of thesis make the being late essay sacrifices necessary to bring about a new day and a new age. By no means was this the only time Obama spoke about collective salvation.
In a 1998 radio interview he said: . Sites Essays! my individual salvation is not going to come about without a collective salvation for the country. Um, unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices and this country has not always been willing to make the sacrifices necessary to bring about to work essay a new day and sites pay for a new age. Obama Identifies White Suppression of being to work Blacks As a Problem in the United States, As Elsewhere: . [T]he truth of the matter is that many of the favorite food pizza problems that Africa faces, whether it's poverty or political suppression or ethnic conflict is just as prominent there and to work essay can't all be blamed on the effects of favorite food pizza colonialism. What it can be blamed on is some of the being common factors that affect Bosnia or Los Angeles or all kinds of places on this earth, and that is the tendency for one group to christ try to suppress another group in the interest of power or greed or resources or what have you. In an environment of scarcity, where the cost of living is rising, folks begin to late get angry and bitter and look for scapegoats. Historically, instead of looking at the top 5% of when is war justified this country that controls all the wealth, we turn towards each other, and the Republicans have added to late the fire. In that same interview, Obama said that his perspective on the “top 5%” had been shaped by his experiences abroad: It's about of thesis power. My travels made me sensitive to the plight of those without power and being essay the issues of class and inequalities as it relates to term jesus christ wealth and power. Anytime you have been overseas in these so-called third world countries, one thing you see is the vast disparity of wealth of those who are part of power structure and those outside of being late to work essay it.
Bill Ayers, Bernardine Dohrn, and Obama's Entry into Politics: In the mid-1990s, Obama developed a friendship with fellow Chicagoans Bill Ayers and his wife Bernardine Dohrn, university professors who hosted a fundraiser at their home to favorite food introduce Obama to their neighbors during his first run for the Illinois state senate in 1996. Late To Work! (This fundraiser was likely organized by the socialist New Party.) Ayers (who contributed money to Obama’s 1996 campaign) and Dohrn had been leaders of the 1960s domestic terrorist group Weatherman, a Communist-driven splinter faction of Students for a Democratic Society. The pair had participated personally in sites the bombings of New York City Police Headquarters in 1970, the Capitol building in 1971, and the Pentagon in 1972. Late To Work Essay! To this day, both have remained unrepentant about their former terrorist activities and that essays their hatred of the United States. Being Late!  “This is a guy who lives in my neighborhood, who is a professor of English in Chicago, who I know, and who I have not received some official endorsement from. He is not somebody who I exchange ideas from [with] on a regular basis. And the notion that somehow, as a consequence of me knowing somebody who engaged in detestable acts forty years ago when I was eight years old, somehow reflects on me and my values doesn't make much sense [T]his kind of game, in which anybody who I know, regardless of how flimsy the relationship is, [that] somehow their ideas could be attributed to me, I think the American people are smarter than that. They’re not gonna suggest somehow that that is reflective of my views, because it obviously isn’t.” Chicago Annenberg Challenge and Bill Ayers: But in reality, Obama's ties to Ayers were deep and longstanding. In 1995, for instance, Obama was appointed as the first Chairman of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge (CAC), a “school reform organization” founded by Ayers, who would later write, in his book Teaching Toward Freedom , that his educational objective was to of thesis “teach against being to work, oppression” as embodied in jesus christ “America’s history of evil and racism, thereby forcing social transformation.” “Ayers made presentations to board meetings chaired by being late, Obama.
Ayers also spoke for the Chicago School Reform Collaborative before Obama's board, while Obama periodically spoke for the board at favorite food pizza meetings of the essay collaborative According to the documents, the CAC granted money to far-leftist causes, such as the radical Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, or ACORN, which has done work on term paper christ behalf of Obama's presidential campaign.” WorldNetDaily reported further that “while Obama chaired the board of the CAC, more than $600,000 was granted to an organization founded by Ayers and run by Mike Klonsky, a former top communist activist. Late To Work! Klonsky was leader of the sites pay for Marxist-Leninist Communist Party, which was effectively recognized by being late, China as the all-but-official U.S. Maoist party.” Said Stanley Kurtz: “Instead of funding schools directly, [the CAC] required schools to mba essay 2013 affiliate with ‘external partners,’ which actually got the money. Being To Work Essay! Proposals from groups focused on math/science achievement were turned down. Instead CAC disbursed money through various far-left community organizers, such as ACORN.” Kurtz has provided the following synopsis of the CAC/Ayers agendas:
The CAC's agenda flowed from Mr. Ayers's educational philosophy, which called for when justified essay infusing students and their parents with a radical political commitment, and which downplayed achievement tests in being late essay favor of activism. In the mid-1960s, Mr. Ayers taught at a radical alternative school, and on jamaica kincaid served as a community organizer in Cleveland's ghetto. Between 1995 and 1999, Obama and CAC distributed $110 million to to work essay a variety of leftist education enterprises for experiments in Chicago's public schools. During his time teaching at the University of Chicago, Obama told then-colleague John Lott directly: “I don’t believe people should be able to own guns.” Obama Endorses Ayers' Book:
In December 1997 Obama wrote a blurb praising Ayers' recently published book, A Kind and Just Parent: The Children of Juvenile Court , calling it a searing and timely account of the juvenile court system, and the courageous individuals who rescue hope from despair. A notable attendee at the aforementioned political gatherings which Ayers and Dohrn hosted on behalf of that essays Obama (in the mid-1990s) was Democratic state senator Alice J. Palmer (of Illinois’ 13th District), who quickly developed a friendly relationship with Obama. Prior to her stint in politics, Palmer had worked for the Black Press Institute and was editor of the Black Press Review . During the Cold War, she supported the being Soviet Union and spoke out against the United States. In the 1980s she served as an executive board member of the U.S. Jesus! Peace Council, which the FBI identified as a Communist front group (and which was an affiliate of the World Peace Council, an international Soviet front). Late To Work! Palmer participated in the World Peace Council’s Prague assembly in 1983 -- just as the USSR was launching its “nuclear freeze” movement, a scheme that would have frozen Soviet nuclear and when justified military superiority in place. Obama Betrays Palmer: But in November 1995, Jesse Jackson, Jr. To Work! defeated Palmer in a special election for Reynolds’ empty congressional seat.
At that point, Palmer filed to questions retain the Democratic nomination for the state senate seat she had encouraged Obama to pursue; that seat would be up for grabs in the November 1996 elections. Being Late Essay! She asked Obama to politely withdraw from the food pizza race and offered to help him find an alternative position elsewhere. In 1995 Barack Obama sought the endorsement of the so-called New Party for his 1996 state senate run. He was successful in obtaining that endorsement, and being late essay he used a number of mba essay 2013 New Party volunteers as campaign workers. Obama was involved as early as 1993, with a New Party sister organization - Progressive Chicago. This organization was formed by being late to work, members of the New Party as a support group for progressive candidates. It's main instigators included New Party members Madeline Talbott of Chicago ACORN and Dan Swinney, a Chicago labor unionist. Barack Obama was probably approached to join Progressive Chicago as early April 7, 1993, as this unsigned handwritten note suggests [see image here].
According to sites that pay for essays the same note Obama was more than happy to be involved [see image here]. By September 1993 Obama was one of 17 people listed as a signatory on all Progressive Chicago letters - as shown by the second page of being essay this September 22 Progressive Chicago letter to Joe Gardner [see image here]. It appears beyond doubt that Barack Obama was involved, more than two years before his Illinois State Senate run, with a New Party founded, sister organization - Progressive Chicago. In a 2010 interview, Carl Davidson, a Marxist activist who helped establish the essays New Party, recalled Obama's involvement with the late New Party: A subcommittee met with [Obama] to interview him to see if his stand on the living wage and similar reforms was the same as ours. Define Of Thesis! We determined that our views on these overlapped, and we could endorse his campaign in the Democratic Party.
Recently obtained evidence from the updated records of Illinois ACORN at the Wisconsin Historical Society now definitively establishes that Obama was a member of the being to work essay New Party. He also signed a 'contract' promising to publicly support and associate himself with the New Party while in office. Barack Obama, candidate for State Senate in the 13th Legislative District, gave a statement to the membership and answered questions. He signed the is war essay New Party 'Candidate Contract' and requested an essay endorsement from the New Party. He also joined the New Party. Consistent with this, a roster of the sites that essays Chicago chapter of the New Party from early 1997 lists Obama as a member, with January 11, 1996, indicated as the date he joined. Obama Calls for Collective Action; Says the being late to work essay Christian Right is favorite food pizza, Characterized by Intolerance and Narrow-mindedness; Blames Society for Failing to Educate Teens Who Get in Trouble: In a 1995 story in the Chicago Reader , Obama was quoted saying: In America, we have this strong bias toward individual action. Late To Work! You know, we idolize the John Wayne hero who comes in to correct things with both guns blazing. But individual actions, individual dreams, are not sufficient.
We must unite in collective action, build collective institutions and organizations. The right wing talks about this but they keep appealing to that old individualistic bootstrap myth: get a job, get rich, and get out. Instead of investing in our neighborhoods, that's what has always happened. Define! Our goal must be to help people get a sense of building something larger. People are hungry for community; they miss it. Being Essay! They are hungry for change. The Marxist Carl Davidson and Obama's 1996 State Senate Run: Obama’s 1996 senate campaign also secured the when justified endorsement of the Democratic Socialists of late to work essay America (DSA), the largest socialist organization in sites that pay for essays the United States and the principal U.S. affiliate of the Socialist International. Late! Obama’s affiliation with DSA was longstanding, as evidenced by his reference, in Dreams From My Father , to the fact that during his student years at Columbia University he “went to socialist conferences at Cooper Union,” a privately funded college for the advancement of science and art. From the early 1980s until 2004, Cooper Union had served as the usual venue of the annual Socialist Scholars Conference. According to Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the essay on jamaica kincaid girl Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the being late to work essay Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotsyists, black radicals, gay activists and radical feminists.” London observes that “Obama speaks of ‘ conferences ’ plural, indicating [that] his attendance was not the result of accident or youthful curiosity.”
So, what’s in the play? It truly is a love song to sites pay for Alinsky. In the essay first few minutes of the play, Alinsky plays Moses yes, the sites that essays Biblical Moses talking to God. The play glorifies Alinsky stealing food from restaurants and organizing others to essay do the same, explaining, 'I saw it as a practical use of social ecology: you had members of the intellectual community, the hope of the future, eating regularly for that essays six months, staying alive till they could make their contributions to society.' Joining Obama on being late to work essay the discussion panel were the following individuals: Also in 1937, Despres and his wife met with, and delivered a suitcase of “clothing” to, Leon Trotsky, who was then in Mexico City, hiding from Stalin’s assassins. The Joyce Foundation: I Actually Believe in essays Redistribution:
At an October 19, 1998 conference at Loyola University, Barack Obama said: There has been a systematic . To Work Essay! propaganda campaign against the possibility of government action and its efficacy. On Jamaica Girl! And I think some of it has been deserved. The trick is, how do we structure government systems that pool resources and late essay hence facilitate some redistribution, because I actually believe in redistribution, at define least at a certain level, to make sure that everybody's got a shot. “to the late extent that we are doing research figuring out justified essay what kinds of government action would successfully make their [the working poor's] lives better, we are then putting together a potential majority coalition to move those agendas forward”; the one good thing that comes out of [the welfare-reform bill of 1996] is that it essentially desegregates the late to work welfare population,” merging urban blacks with “the working poor, which are the other people; and define statement of thesis such a coalition becomes one batch of folks . Being Late To Work! that is questions, increasingly a majority population” whose policy needs would grow to encompass health care, job training, education, and a system where government would “provide effective child care.” The Woods Fund of Chicago and Bill Ayers: Obama also had been a board member of the Woods Fund of Chicago since 1993. In 1999 he was joined on this board by Bill Ayers, who would serve alongside Obama until the latter left the Fund in to work essay December 2002. (In 2002 -- while Obama was still on essay kincaid the board -- the Woods Fund made a grant to Northwestern University Law School's Children and being late essay Family Justice Center, where Ayers' wife, Bernardine Dohrn, was employed.)
In 2000, Obama ran against former Black Panther and incumbent congressman Bobby Rush in the Democratic Primary for the U.S. House of Representatives. Sites That Essays! Rush denounced Obama as an “elitist” who “wasn’t black enough,” and crushed him by late to work essay, nearly a two-to-one vote margin. Obama returned to mba essay questions the Illinois state senate for another four-year term. As noted earlier, during his state senate years Obama was a lecturer at the University of Chicago law school, where he became friendly with Rashid Khalidi, a professor in to work essay Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. Obama and his wife were regular dinner guests at Khalidi’s Hyde Park home. Khalidi and his wife Mona had founded in 1995 the Arab American Action Network (AAAN), noted for its contention that Arab Americans face widespread discrimination in the United States, and for its view that Israel’s creation in 1948 was a catastrophe for Arab people. In 2001 and again in define of thesis 2002, the Woods Fund of Chicago, while Obama served on being its board, made grants totaling $75,000 to justified essay AAAN. Shortly after Obama’s unsuccessful run for Congress in being to work essay 2000, he was deeply in debt, with little cash at his disposal (his annual part-time salary as a state senator was $58,000) and a stagnant law practice that he had largely neglected during a year of political campaigning. “Even as I hope for some measure of define of thesis peace and being to work essay comfort to 2013 the bereaved families, I must also hope that we as a nation draw some measure of wisdom from this tragedy. Certain immediate lessons are clear, and we must act upon those lessons decisively.
We need to step up security at our airports. We must reexamine the effectiveness of our intelligence networks. And we must be resolute in being to work identifying the perpetrators of these heinous acts and when is war justified essay dismantling their organizations of being late destruction. Depicting America as a Racially and Economically Unjust Society: Obama was an outspoken opponent of the Iraq War ever since it was first discussed as a possible means of unseating Saddam Hussein from power. On October 2, 2002, Obama gave an antiwar speech alongside Jesse Jackson on the very day that President Bush and Congress agreed on a joint resolution authorizing the is war use of being essay force against Iraq. It was with this speech that Obama first caught the attention of the American public. Now, let me be clear I suffer no illusions about Saddam Hussein. He is a brutal man. A ruthless man. A man who butchers his own people to secure his own power.
He has repeatedly defied U.N. resolutions, thwarted U.N. inspection teams, developed chemical and biological weapons, and coveted nuclear capacity. He's a bad guy. The world, and the Iraqi people, would be better off without him. Also in sites essays his 2002 speech, Obama said that instead of using force to depose Saddam, America should “fight” for democratic reforms in the Middle East, for stronger international nuclear safeguards, and for to work energy independence: “Those are the battles that we need to fight. Those are the battles that we willingly join the battles against ignorance and intolerance, corruption and greed.
Poverty and despair.” In July 2004, Obama delivered the is war justified essay keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in Boston. Essay! He used the speech to introduce himself to a national audience while impugning the Bush administration and the War in term paper christ Iraq. In 2004 Obama ran for one of Illinois’ two seats in the U.S. Senate. The Chicago Tribune endorsed Obama’s campaign. More importantly, the being late to work essay Tribune persuaded a Democrat-appointed judge in on jamaica California to open the to work sealed divorce records of Obama’s Republican opponent to the media. The resulting sex scandal, based on allegations in the divorce records by a Hollywood actress eager to prevent her ex-husband from getting custody of their children, prompted the Republican to resign from the race. One month before the 2004 Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate, Obama was down in sites pay for the polls, about to lose to Blair Hull, a multimillionaire securities trader. But then the essay Chicago Tribune leaked the claim that Hull’s second ex-wife, Brenda Sexton, had sought an order of protection against him during their 1998 divorce proceedings.
Obama then used similar techniques to win the general election, as Human Events again explains: As luck would have it, Obama’s opponent in the general election had also been divorced! Jack Ryan was tall, handsome, Catholic and shared a name with one of Harrison Ford’s most popular onscreen characters! He went to define statement of thesis Dartmouth, Harvard Law and Harvard Business School, made hundreds of millions of dollars as a partner at to work essay Goldman Sachs, and then, in his early 40s, left investment banking to teach at an inner city school on the South Side of Chicago. With a $10 million campaign war chest from contributors, and questions with no Republican opponent who could garner much support, Obama had an open road to become the next U.S. Senator from Illinois.
His friend and being to work political supporter, the longtime Chicago alderwoman Dorothy Tillman, helped him win the voting in Chicago’s predominantly black wards. He also received valuable backing from the Jesse Jacksons, Junior and Senior, and Rev. Jackson’s Rainbow Coalition. In March 2005 Obama joined forces with the Web-based, grassroots political network MoveOn -- which seeks to mba essay questions 2013 use its fundraising clout to to work essay push the Democratic Party ever further to the political left -- in an effort to raise campaign money for West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd’s 2006 reelection bid. In a letter to MoveOn members, Obama wrote: “You and millions of others, working through MoveOn, have helped change the way politics works in this country.” In a 2005 commencement address, Obama described the conservative philosophy of government as one that promises “to give everyone one big refund on that essays their government, divvy it up by individual portions, in the form of being late to work tax breaks, hand it out, and encourage everyone to use their share to go buy their own health care, their own retirement plan, their own child care, their own education, and term so on.” “In Washington,” said Obama, “they call this the Ownership Society. But in our past there has been another term for to work essay it, Social Darwinism, every man or woman for on jamaica kincaid him or herself. It's a tempting idea, because it doesn't require much thought or ingenuity.” The fact that Obama socialized with Ayers and Dohrn contradicts the statement that Obama campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt gave the New York Times in 2008: 'Mr. LaBolt said the men . Being! have not spoken by phone or exchanged e-mail messages since Mr. Obama began serving in essays the United States Senate in January 2005 and being essay last met more than a year ago when they bumped into each other on the street in Hyde Park.'
Obama Accuses the Bush Administration of favorite Racism: In September 2005, Obama spoke at a town hall meeting of the Congressional Black Caucus. Nominally devoted to the subject of “eradicating poverty,” the meeting was replete with condemnations of President George W. Bush, the Republican Party, and America’s purportedly intractable racial inequities. Obama stopped short of suggesting that the allegedly slow federal response to the victims of late to work essay Hurricane Katrina (which had devastated New Orleans and paper christ the Gulf Coast earlier that month) -- especially black victims -- was motivated by racism. But he nonetheless claimed that racism was the cause of what he perceived to be the Bush administration’s lack of sensitivity to being essay the struggles of define statement of thesis African Americans generally: “The incompetence was colorblind. What wasn’t colorblind was the indifference.
Human efforts will always pale in comparison to nature’s forces. Being Late To Work! But [the Bush administration] is a set of folks who simply don’t recognize what’s happening in large parts of the term jesus christ country.” Blacks in hurricane-hit areas were poor, Obama further charged, because of the late essay Bush administration’s “decision to paper jesus give tax breaks to Paris Hilton instead of essay providing child care and education ” Obama Advocates Welfare State; Says Much Success Is Due to “Blind Luck”: Obama Endorses Dorothy Tillman, Proponent of Reparations and when Admirer of to work Louis Farrakhan: In 2006 Obama endorsed the aforementioned Dorothy Tillman in the Third Ward race for justified essay the Chicago City Council. Late! A passionate admirer of mba essay 2013 Louis Farrakhan, Tillman was a leading proponent of reparations for being to work slavery. Favorite Food! Claiming that America remains “one of the cruelest nations in the world when it comes to being late to work essay black folks,” Tillman continues to declare that the U.S. “owes blacks a debt.”
In December of 2006, Obama, who by then was contemplating a run for the presidency, met in New York with billionaire financier George Soros, who previously had hosted a fundraiser for is war justified Obama during the latter’s 2004 campaign for the U.S. Senate. promoting the view that America is institutionally an oppressive nation promoting the election of leftist political candidates throughout the being to work essay United States opposing virtually all post-9/11 national security measures enacted by U.S. government, particularly the Patriot Act depicting American military actions as unjust, unwarranted, and on jamaica girl immoral promoting open borders, mass immigration, and a watering down of current immigration laws promoting a dramatic expansion of social welfare programs funded by ever-escalating taxes promoting social welfare benefits and amnesty for being to work essay illegal aliens defending suspected anti-American terrorists and essay their abetters financing the recruitment and training of future activist leaders of the political Left advocating America’s unilateral disarmament and/or a steep reduction in its military spending opposing the death penalty in all circumstances promoting socialized medicine in the United States promoting the to work tenets of radical environmentalism, whose ultimate goal, as writer Michael Berliner has explained, is “not clean air and clean water, [but] rather . the demolition of technological/industrial civilization” bringing American foreign policy under the control of the United Nations promoting racial and ethnic preferences in favorite pizza essay academia and the business world alike promoting taxpayer-funded abortion-on-demand advocating stricter gun-control measures advocating the legalization of marijuana. Obama's Activities in Support of a Socialist Bidding to Be Elected President of Kenya: McCarthy says Obama undermined U.S. relations with a strong antiterrorism ally in an African region where al-Qaida operates. In 2006 . Being Late! Obama campaigned for a pro-communist candidate running against Nairobi's pro-American government 'in outrageous contravention of U.S. policy and, probably, federal law.' Running for President: On January 16, 2007, Obama announced the define statement creation of a presidential exploratory committee. Within hours after the being late to work announcement, Soros sent the senator a contribution of $2,100, the maximum amount allowable under campaign finance laws. Later that week, the New York Daily News reported that Soros would back Obama over favorite food, Senator Hillary Clinton, whom he had supported in late to work the past. Obama’s wife Michelle quickly emerged as one of the new candidate’s most vocal campaigners.
In a February 2007 appearance with her husband on the television program 60 Minutes , Mrs. Obama implied that America’s allegedly rampant white racism posed a great physical threat to her husband. Essay On Jamaica Kincaid! Said Mrs. Obama: “As a black man, you know, Barack can get shot going to the gas station.” In April 2007, Obama addressed the activist Al Sharpton’s National Action Network, telling an overflow crowd of listeners about his success as an Illinois lawmaker in making health insurance available to children and reducing the cost of late essay prescription drugs for senior citizens. He also expressed his opposition to racial profiling in law enforcement, detailing how he had helped pass legislation against the practice.
In addition, he asserted that society must help ex-convicts escape an “economic death sentence” by favorite food pizza essay, securing jobs for to work essay them when they leave prison. “Jackie Kendall, executive director of the Midwest Academy, was on define statement the team that developed and being late to work essay delivered the first Camp Obama training for volunteers aiding Obama’s campaign through the 2008 Iowa Caucuses. Hans Riemer, who served as national youth vote director for the Obama campaign, said of the camp: 'We are training them, teaching them how to be effective, showing them what their role is in our strategy to that pay for essays win the election We’re taking people from raw enthusiasm to capable organizers.' Support from Jodie Evans of Code Pink: In February 2007, Evans co-hosted (along with her now-deceased husband Max Palevsky and the Dreamworks team of Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and being late to work Jeffrey Katzenberg) a key Obama fundraiser just weeks after he announced his presidential candidacy.
Evans donated the maximum $2,300 to Obama’s campaign. In April 2007, the Obama campaign announced that Evans was one of its early fundraising bundlers. In June 2008, Evans met with Obama at a high-priced fundraiser. In late August 2008, Evans attended the Democratic National Convention and, because of her status as a bundler, was invited to two private receptions with Obama and his running mate, Joe Biden. In September 2008, Evans attended two exclusive Hollywood fundraisers with Obama. Two weeks later, she met with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in New York City.
In October 2008, Evans worked with Code Pink’s Los Angeles chapter on a get-out-the-vote campaign in Obama's behalf. Robert Malley and the Hamas Incident: In 2007 Obama appointed Robert Malley, the Middle East and North Africa Program Director for the International Crisis Group, as a foreign policy advisor to his campaign. ICG receives funding from the Open Society Institute (whose founder, George Soros, serves on the ICG Board and Executive Committee). Prior to joining ICG, Malley had served as President Bill Clinton’s Special Assistant for Arab-Israeli Affairs (1998-2001); National Security Advisor Sandy Berger’s Executive Assistant (1996-1998); and the National Security Council’s Director for Democracy, Human Rights, and Humanitarian Affairs (1994-1996). Malley’s father, Simon Malley, had been a key figure in the Egyptian Communist Party. Rabidly anti-Israel, Simon Malley was a confidante of the late PLO leader Yasser Arafat; an inveterate critic of “Western imperialism”; a supporter of favorite food pizza essay various leftist revolutionary “liberation movements,” particularly the Palestinian cause; a beneficiary of Soviet funding; and a supporter of the being to work essay 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
“Thanks to all of of thesis you at Planned Parenthood for being to work all the work that you are doing for women all across the country and for families all across the countryand for men, who have enough sense to realize you are helping them, all across the country. Planned Parenthood is the largest abortion provider in the United States, with some 850 clinics across the country. It purports to offer “a wide range of medical and counseling services and health care education,” but its primary business is providing abortion services. In 2004 Planned Parenthood completed 138 abortions for every adoption referral it made to an outside agency. During the 2004-2005 fiscal year, the organization reported 1,414 adoption referrals (one adoption for every 180 abortions). During its 2005-2006 fiscal year, Planned Parenthood performed a record 264,943 abortions; garnered $345.1 million in mba essay questions clinic income; took in late to work essay $212.2 million in donations; and received record taxpayer funding of $305.3 million.
Total income reached a record $902.8 million. In August 2007, Obama appeared at the national convention of the leftist political weblog Daily Kos. According to a New York Times report: Mr. Obama, who has built his candidacy upon the mantra of change, received booming applause when he was introduced to the audience of food pizza essay more than 1,500. When the moderator mentioned that the senator turned 46 years old on Saturday, several of to work those gathered in the ballroom began to serenade him with 'Happy Birthday.' In October 2007 Obama stated that, if elected, he would offer a high-level position in his administration to former Vice President Al Gore. On December 4, 2007, Obama’s campaign announced the 2013 creation of being essay its African American Religious Leadership Committee. Among the is war justified committee's more notable members were Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Rev. Otis Moss III, and to work essay Rev.
Joseph E. Lowery. From March 1972 until February 2008, Jeremiah Wright -- whom Barack Obama described as his “spiritual advisor,” his “mentor,” and “one of the greatest preachers in America” -- was the pastor of Chicago's Trinity United Church of Christ (TUCC), where Obama had attended services since 1988, and where he (Obama) had been a member since 1992. Said Obama of Wright: “What I value most about Pastor Wright is not his day-to-day political advice. When Is War Essay! He’s much more of a sounding board for being late to work essay me to make sure that I am speaking as truthfully about what I believe as possible and that I’m not losing myself in some of the hype and hoopla and 2013 stress that’s involved in national politics.” Rev. Otis Moss III -- whom Obama has extolled as a “wonderful young pastor” -- served as assistant pastor of TUCC from 2006-2008 and then succeeded Jeremiah Wright as pastor when the latter retired.
In one notable sermon, Moss likened the condition of contemporary black Americans to to work that of the hapless lepers referenced in biblical stories. He further implied that whites -- who, in his estimation, continue to essay girl subjugate blacks both socially and being late essay economically -- are the favorite pizza “enemy” of African Americans. “Our society creates thugs,” Moss added. “Children are not born thugs. Thugs are made and not born.” Rev. Joseph Lowery is a prominent figure in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Being Late To Work Essay! Viewing the essay kincaid girl United States as a nation that is “not committed to serious efforts to address the issue of racism,” he has warned that “white racism is gaining respectability again,” and being late essay that “there’s a resurgence of racism at mba essay questions almost every level of late essay life.” Lowery has expressed contempt for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, specifically because the black conservative Thomas opposes the use of sites essays affirmative action (i.e., race preferences) in business and being to work essay academia. Says Lowery: “I have told [Thomas] I am ashamed of him, because he is becoming to the black community what Benedict Arnold was to the nation he deserted; and what Judas Iscariot was to that Jesus: a traitor ; and what Brutus was to Caesar: an assassin .” Another notable religious supporter of Barack Obama is Rev. Michael Pfleger, a white Roman Catholic priest who has been the pastor of Saint Sabina Catholic Church in Chicago since 1981. A great admirer of Louis Farrakhan and late essay Jeremiah Wright, Pfleger views America as a nation plagued by “classism and racism,” and he identifies white racism as “the number one sin in this country.” Pfleger has had a longstanding friendly relationship (since the late 1980s) with Obama and has played a significant role as a spiritual advisor who, Obama once said, had helped him maintain his moral compass. Yet another religious figure affiliated with Obama is Rev.
James Meeks, a Democratic member of the Illinois state senate, where he served alongside Obama from 2002-2004 (prior to Obama’s election to the U.S. Senate). Meeks also has been the pastor of term paper jesus Chicago’s 22,000-member Salem Baptist Church since 1985, and he was once the executive vice president of late essay Jesse Jackson’s Rainbow/PUSH coalition. For his 2008 presidential run, Obama formed a Black Advisory Council whose members included, most notably: (a) Marxist professor Cornel West, a longtime member of the Democratic Socialists of America and a great admirer of on jamaica Obama’s former pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright; and (b) Harvard law professor Charles Ogletree, a reparations-for-slavery proponent who has advised Obama on such matters as criminal-justice reform. Obama Clearly Articulates His Desire to Remake the World and Change This Country: After Obama's victory in the Iowa Caucus, longtime Communist Party USA supporter Frank Chapman -- who had previously chaired the National Alliance Against Racist Political Oppression and served as a board member of the being to work U.S. Peace Council, both Communist Party fronts -- wrote a letter that was published in the January 12, 2008 edition of the CPUSA publication, Peoples Weekly World : Now, beyond all the that essays optimism I was capable of mustering, Mr. Obama won Iowa!
He won in a political arena 95 percent white. It was a resounding defeat for the manipulations of the ultra-right and their right-liberal fellow travelers. Also it was a hard lesson for being to work liberals who underestimated the political fury of the define masses in these troubled times. Accusing Republicans of being to work Having Failed Minorities: During a Democratic presidential debate on January 21, 2008, Obama expressed his belief that Republican politicians had failed to provide adequate opportunities for the social and economic advancement of minorities: “I am absolutely convinced that white, black, Latino, Asian, people want to move beyond our divisions, and they want to join together in order to create a movement for change in this country. The Republicans may have a different attitude. Sites Pay For! The policies that they have promoted have not been good at providing ladders for upward mobility and being late opportunity for mba essay questions all people.” Tony Rezko, the essay Federally Indicted Real-Estate Developer: Also in January 2008, Obama’s relationship with a federally indicted real estate developer came to light when rival candidate Hillary Clinton said, during a South Carolina Democratic Party presidential debate: “I was fighting against food, [Republican] ideas when you were practicing law and representing your contributor, Rezko, in to work essay his slum landlord business in inner city Chicago.” Clinton’s reference was to Tony Rezko, a Syrian-born, Chicago-based restaurateur and justified real estate developer who had been one of the first major financial contributors to Barack Obama’s political campaigns in the 1990s. For a full explanation of Rezko’s relationship with Obama, see footnote number  . At a February 12, 2008 campaign stop in Wisconsin, Obama said: The politics of being to work hope does not mean hoping things come easy.
Because nothing worthwhile in this country has ever happened unless somebody somewhere stood up when it was hard, stood up when they were told, no you can't, and said, yes we can. And where better to affirm our ideals than here in Wisconsin, where a century ago the essays progressive movement was born. It was rooted in the principle that the voices of the being late people can speak louder than special interests, that citizens can be connected to their government and to one another, and that all of us share a common destiny, an American Dream. On other occasions, Obama described himself as a pragmatic progressive who tries to make decisions based on what works. Praise from Louis Farrakhan: In February 2008 Louis Farrakhan called Obama “a herald of the Messiah.” “Barack has captured the food pizza youth,” said the Nation Of Islam leader, referring to the passionate support Obama had drawn from young people in America. “And he has involved young people in a political process that they didn’t care anything about.
That’s a sign. When the messiah speaks, the youth will hear. And the messiah is being late, absolutely speaking.” In March 2008 the controversial Al Sharpton, a strong supporter of Obama’s presidential candidacy, revealed publicly that he was in term the habit of speaking to late to work essay Obama on a regular basis -- “two or three times a week.” Sharpton also said that he had told Obama four months earlier, “I won’t either endorse you or not endorse you. But I will tell you I can be freer not endorsing you to help you and food pizza everybody else.” According to Sharpton, Obama then protested and to work essay asked for term jesus his public support: “No, no, no. I want you to endorse.” In early 2008, MoveOn executive director Eli Pariser announced that he and his organization were endorsing Obama for U.S.
President. “We’ve learned that the key to achieving change in Washington without compromising core values is having a galvanized electorate to being late to work back you up,” said Pariser, “and Barack Obama has our members ‘fired up and ready to go’ on define of thesis that front.” In April 2008 Ahmed Yousef, a political advisor for the terrorist group Hamas, told interviewer Aaron Klein that his (Yousef’s) organization was hopeful that Obama would win the presidential election and change America’s foreign policy vis a vis the Arab-Israeli conflict. When reporters subsequently asked Obama what he thought of the Hamas leader’s endorsement, Obama said: “My position on being to work essay Hamas is indistinguishable from the justified essay position of Hillary Clinton or [Republican presidential candidate] John McCain. I said they are a terrorist organization, and I've repeatedly condemned them. Being To Work Essay! I’ve repeatedly said, and I mean what I say: Since they are a terrorist organization, we should not be dealing with them until they recognize Israel, renounce terrorism, and abide by previous agreements.” During an April 2008 campaign stop in San Francisco, Obama said: “You go into some of these small towns in Pennsylvania, and like a lot of 2013 small towns in the Midwest, the jobs have been gone now for to work essay 25 years, and nothing’s replaced them. And they fell through the Clinton administration and statement the Bush administration, and each successive administration has said that somehow these communities are gonna regenerate, and being they have not. On Jamaica Girl! And it’s not surprising then they get bitter, they cling to late essay guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren't like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations.”
Anthony Lake, Foreign Policy Advisor: In June 2008, Obama named former New Leftist Anthony Lake as one of his leading foreign policy advisors. Lake served as a special assistant for national security affairs under President Nixon in 1969-70, but soon thereafter he stepped down from mba essay that post to protest the Nixon administration’s bombing raids in Cambodia -- raids that were designed to support the existing government against the power-grabbing efforts of being late essay Pol Pot and his bloodthirsty Khmer Rouge. At a June 2008 campaign stop in Jacksonville, Florida, Obama suggested that his political opponents were trying to exploit the issue of race to favorite undermine his candidacy. Late Essay! “It is going to be very difficult for when justified Republicans to run on their stewardship of the economy or their outstanding foreign policy,” he said. Being! “We know what kind of campaign they’re going to run. They’re going to try to make you afraid. Questions 2013! They’re going to try to make you afraid of me. He’s young and inexperienced and he’s got a funny name. And did I mention he’s black?” Speaking at late to work a July 2008 gathering of hundreds of minority journalists in Chicago, Obama said the United States should acknowledge its history of poor treatment of certain ethnic groups: “There's no doubt that when it comes to our treatment of Native Americans as well as other persons of color in this country, we've got some very sad and difficult things to account for.
I personally would want to see our tragic history, or the tragic elements of our history, acknowledged. I consistently believe that when it comes to whether it's Native Americans or African-American issues or reparations, the most important thing for the U.S. government to do is not just offer words, but offer deeds.” Joe Biden, Running Mate: In August 2008, Obama named Senator Joe Biden to be his vice presidential running mate. Fannie Mae . Questions 2013! has been under increasing pressure from the Clinton Administration to expand mortgage loans among low and moderate income people and felt pressure from stock holders to to work maintain its phenomenal growth in that profits. In addition, banks, thrift institutions and mortgage companies have been pressing Fannie Mae to help them make more loans to so-called subprime borrowers. These borrowers whose incomes, credit ratings and savings are not good enough to qualify for conventional loans, can only get [so-called 'subprime'] loans from finance companies that charge much higher interest rates -- anywhere from late to work three to four percentage points higher than conventional loans.
Demographic information on these borrowers is sketchy. But at least one study indicates that 18 percent of the loans in the subprime market went to black borrowers, compared to 5 per cent of loans in the conventional loan market. In moving, even tentatively, into this new area of lending, Fannie Mae is taking on mba essay 2013 significantly more risk, which may not pose any difficulties during flush economic times. But the government-subsidized corporation may run into trouble in an economic downturn, prompting a government rescue similar to that of the savings and loan industry in the 1980's. The Editors of National Review Online explain the connection between the foregoing policies and Barack Obama: One of the being late essay reasons so many bad mortgage loans were made in the first place is that Barack Obama’s celebrated community organizers make their careers out of favorite forcing banks to do so.
ACORN, for which Obama worked, is one of to work essay many left-wing organizations that spent decades pressuring banks and bank regulators to do more to paper make mortgages available to people without much in the way of income, assets, or credit. These campaigns often were couched in racially inflammatory terms. The result was the Community Reinvestment Act. The CRA empowers the FDIC and other banking regulators to to work punish those banks which do not lend to the poor and minorities at the level that Obama’s fellow community organizers would like. Among other things, mergers and acquisitions can be blocked if CRA inquisitors are not satisfied that their demands which are political demands have been met. There is a name for loans made to people who do not have the credit, assets, income, or down payment to qualify for sites that a normal mortgage: subprime. As Forbes magazine points out, Obama has been a staunch supporter of the CRA throughout his public life. In an late October 15, 2008 presidential debate, Republican John McCain raised the issue of Obama’s ties to ACORN.
At the time, ACORN was in term christ the news for two major reasons. First, the organization was under investigation in 14 separate states for massive voter fraud. Strongly pro-Democrat, ACORN claimed to being to work essay have registered 4 million new voters (most of whom were Democrats) during the that essays preceding four years. Many tens of being late to work essay thousands of define of thesis these registrations already had been found to late to work be fraudulent -- they bore phony names, fake or nonexistent addresses, inaccurate personal information, duplicate signatures, etc. The full extent of the fraud, however, was impossible to determine. “The only involvement I’ve had with ACORN was I represented them alongside the U.S. Justice Department in making Illinois implement a motor voter law that helped people get registered at DMVs. ACORN is a community organization.
Apparently what they’ve done is they were paying people to go out and food pizza register folks, and being to work essay apparently some of the people who were out there didn’t really register people, they just filled out a bunch of names. It had nothing to do with us. When Justified Essay! We were not involved.” He said nothing about the years he had spent training ACORN activists; nothing about the late laudatory statements he had made about ACORN in sites the recent past; and nothing about the $800,000+ his campaign had given to the ACORN front group Citizens' Services Inc. To Work! (an ACORN-dominated subsidiary whose headquarters were located at precisely the same address as ACORN's national headquarters in New Orleans, Louisiana) to fund his campaign's 2008 voter-registration efforts. Essay Kincaid Girl! To conceal the purpose of these payments to ACORN and Citizens' Services Inc., the Obama campaign misidentified the being essay $800,000+ payment as money that had been spent for election services. Well, first of all my relationship with ACORN is pretty straightforward. It’s probably 13 years ago when I was still practicing law, I represented ACORN and my partner in that investigation was the US Justice department in having Illinois implement what was called the essay kincaid motor voter law, to make sure people could go to DMV’s and driver license facilities to get registered. Late To Work! It wasn’t being implemented. That was my relationship and term christ is my relationship to ACORN.
There is an ACORN organization in Chicago. They’ve been active. As an elected offiical, I’ve had interactions with them. But, they’re not advising my campaign. We’ve got the best voter registration in politics right now and late to work essay we don’t need ACORN’s help. Obama's statements from the aforementioned debate and mba essay interview are contradicted, however, but the words he himself had spoken in other venues. For example, during his presidential campaign, Obama was a featured speaker at one particularly notable political event in which ACORN played a prominent role -- a December 1, 2007 forum exclusively for late to work thousands of community organizers from across the United States.
He was inroduced to the crowd by term, Deepak Bhargava, ACORN's leader of community reinvestment and fair housing (and Executive Director of the Center for Community Change). In his introductory remarks, Bhargava characterized America as a society that is late essay, still deeply structured by racism and when is war sexism. When Obama took the microphone (to thunderous applause), he did not refute Bhargava's comments in any way. Being To Work Essay! He was then asked, If elected President of the United States, would you agree, in your first one-hundred days, to meet with a delegation of favorite pizza essay representatives from these various community organizations . Obama replied: Yes, but let me even say, before I even get inaugurated, during the transition we're gonna be calling all of to work essay you in to help us shape the justified essay agenda. We're gonna be having meetings all across the country with community organizations so that you have input into the agenda for the next presidency of the being essay United States of America. Similarly, in an interview with ACORN representatives in 2007, candidate Obama said the following: You know you've got a friend in me.
And I definitely welcome ACORN's input. Mba Essay Questions 2013! You don't have to ask me about that. I'm going to call you even if you didn't ask me. When I ran Project Vote, the voter registration drive in Illinois, ACORN was smack dab in to work essay the middle of it. Sites That Pay For Essays! Once I was elected, there wasn't a campaign that ACORN worked on down in being late essay Springfield that I wasn't right there with you. Since I have been in favorite the United States Senate I've been always a partner with ACORN as well.
I've been fighting with ACORN, along side ACORN, on late to work issues you care about my entire career. In 2008, Obama's presidential campaign furnished the ACORN affiliate Project Vote with a list of donors who had already contributed (to the campaign) the maximum amount of money permitted by law. Anita Moncrief, a former Washington, DC staffer for Project Vote, later revealed that her organization had contacted these big donors and urged them to give money to Project Vote -- money which could then be funneled directly into when is war essay the Obama campaign coffers, thereby evading election-law limits on being to work essay campaign contributions. F oreign Contributions to Presidential Campaign: A Federal Election Commission (FEC) employee has reportedly been warning for months about evidence that the Obama campaign has received as much as $200 million, almost half of his total donations, in amounts less than $200.
That is below the threshold for justified essay donor information [which] Mr. Obama has chose[n] to report to the FEC -- unlike the Clinton and McCain campaigns, which have reported all donor information. In August 2008, Pamela Geller wrote, in being the American Thinker , that among the myriad foreign donations Obama had received was a $33,000 contribution from Palestinian brothers based in the Hamas-controlled Rafah refugee camp in Gaza, who had proudly declared their love for Obama. The Obama campaign claimed that it had returned that money to the brother donors, but the define of thesis latter said they had never received such a return. Moreover, Geller catalogued several dozen of the foreign cities and nations from which illegal contributions to the Obama campaign had originated. In many cases, the donors' names and contact information were fraudulent -- sometimes consisting of nothing more than letters arranged in essay random, nonsensical sequence. On October 30, 2008, Obama told a large crowd of on jamaica cheering supporters: We are five days away from being essay fundamentally transforming the United States of America. What makes Obama different is that he has also been a community organiser. He has read left literature, including my works, and he understands what socialism is. A lot of the questions 2013 people working with him are, indeed, socialists with backgrounds in being late essay the Communist Party or as independent Marxists.
There are a lot of sites that people like that in late essay Chicago who have worked with him for when is war justified essay years. Obama’s Policy Positions and Voting Record as State Senator, U.S. Senator, and Presidential Candidate: During his eight-year career in late to work essay the Illinois state senate, Barack Obama avoided making controversial votes approximately 130 times -- which, according to other Illinois state senators, is much higher than average. Rather than vote yea or nay on the legislation in is war essay question, Obama on those occasions simply voted present. In the Illinois state senate, this was the equivalent of a nay vote when tallying up support or opposition to essay a given bill. But, as David Freddoso points out: [F]or rhetorical purposes, a 'present' vote is when is war essay, different in that critics and journalists must discuss it differently. For example, Barack Obama did not vote against a bill to prevent pornographic book and video stores and being to work strip clubs from setting up within 1,000 feet of questions schools and churches -- he just voted 'present.' Obama voted 'present' on an almost unanimously passed bill to prosecute students as adults if they fire guns on schol grounds. He voted 'present' on the partial-birth abortion ban and other contentious issues .  Obama favors racial preferences for minorities in university admissions, public employment, and state contracting. “I still believe in affirmative action as a means of overcoming both historic and potentially current discrimination,” said Obama in April 2008.
[W]henever we define a pre-viable fetus as a person that is being late to work essay, protected by the equal protection clause or other elements in the Constitution, what we're really saying is, in fact, that they are persons that are entitled to the kinds of protections that would be provided to a -- a child, a nine-month-old -- child that was delivered to term. That determination, then, essentially, if it was accepted by a court, would forbid abortions to take place. For that reason, I think it would probably be found unconstitutional. As David Freddoso observes, Obama's argument: implies that babies born prematurely without abortions might not be 'persons.' They might have to term be 'nine months old' before they count. [O]ne might even conclude from to work essay [his words] that he actually does think they are persons. But, he argues, we cannot legally recognize them as 'persons.' Because if we do, then somewhere down the road it might threaten someone's right to an abortion. Barack Obama's actions indicate he thinks that before any other rights are granted to essay girl 'persons,' the Constitution exists to guarantee abortion rights.  Though it did not in any way conflict with, or compromise, Roe v. Wade , Obama voted against this same legislation in being late to work 2003. Christ! As chair of the Health and Human Services Committee, he blocked another attempt to bring the bill to late to work essay the floor of the mba essay questions Illinois Senate.
As I understand it, this [bill] puts the burden on the attending physician who has determined, since they were performing this procedure, that, in fact, this is a nonviable fetus; that if that fetus, or child however way you want to describe it is now outside the mother’s womb and the doctor continues to think that it’s nonviable but there’s, let’s say, movement or some indication that, in fact, they’re not just coming out essay limp and dead, that, in fact, they would then have to call a second physician to paper jesus christ monitor and check off and make sure that this is not a live child that could be saved. But Obama knew quite well that children were being born alive and were not looked after by the abortion doctors; that in 10 to being late to work 20 percent of the cases where induced labor abortion was practiced, the infants survived and essay on jamaica were then being left, uncared for, to die; and that these facts were precisely what had prompted the legislation in the first place. In committee he took the to work opinion of the ACLU attorney and said that he thought that this would be something that would overturn Roe v. Wade , and he opposed it in favorite food essay committee, and late to work essay then he took a leadership role opposing this to go on and be the sole senator to mba essay speak against this bill on the Senate floor, not once, but two years in a row. And he brags on his Web site now that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to defeat this bill. He said on the Senate floor as a matter of fact that he thought that this would ultimately be considered unconstitutional, and he said that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to vote present because in Illinois a present vote is the same as a no vote.
And he thought by late essay, doing this that he would lure some squeamish senators who didn't really want to term vote to endorse infanticide. In 2006 Obama voted “Yes” on a Senate Budget amendment allocating $100 million to: “increas[e] funding and access to family planning services”; “fun[d] legislation that requires equitable prescription coverage for contraceptives under health plans”; and “fun[d] legislation that would create and expand teen pregnancy prevention programs and education programs concerning emergency contraceptives.”  Well, you know, I think that whether you're looking at essay it from that essays a theological perspective or a scientific perspective, answering that question with specificity, you know, is above my pay grade. “Latinos have such a high dropout rate. Late To Work Essay! What you see consistently are children at term paper christ a very early age are starting school already behind.
That’s why I’ve said that I’m going to put billions of dollars into early childhood education that makes sure that our African-American youth, Latino youth, poor youth of every race, are getting the kind of help that they need so that they know their numbers, their colors, their letters.”  Obama opposed the Supreme Court’s 2007 split decision that invalidated programs in Seattle and being to work Louisville (Kentucky) which sought to maintain “diversity” in is war local schools by factoring race into decisions about which students could be admitted to any particular school, or which students could be allowed to transfer from one school to another. Under these programs, parents were not free to late to work essay send their children to the schools of their choice. Essay Kincaid! Instead they were obliged to abide by the quotas preordained by bureaucrats who had never met any of the children whose educational lives they sought to being to work essay micromanage. Both the Seattle and Louisville programs were representative of favorite food essay similar plans in hundreds of other school districts nationwide. In 1997 Obama opposed an Illinois welfare-reform bill, proposed by to work essay, Republican senator Dave Syverson, which sought to move as many people as possible off the state welfare rolls and into sites pay for essays paying jobs.
He tried to weaken the legislation by late to work, calling for exceptions not only to the requirement that welfare recipients make an effort to find employment, but also to the bill's proposed five-year limit on benefits. My commitment is to make sure that we've got universal healthcare for essay all Americans by late to work essay, the end of my first term as President. I would hope that we can set up a system that allows those who can go through their employer to access a federal system or a state pool of some sort. But I don't think we're going to essay be able to eliminate employer coverage immediately. There's going to be, potentially, some transition process. I can envision a decade out, or 15 years out, or 20 years out. On April 3, 2007, Obama said:
Let's say that I proposed a plan that moved to a single payer system. Let's say Medicare Plus. It'd be essentially everybody can buy into Medicare for example. Late To Work! Transitioning a system is a very difficult and costly and lengthy enterprise. It's not like you can turn on a switch and you go from one system to is war justified another.
So it's possible that upfront you would need not just, I mean, you might need an late to work essay additional $90 or $100 billion a year. On August 4, 2007, Obama said: This [health care] is a two-trillion dollar part of christ our economy. And it is my belief that, not just politically but also economically, it's better for being to work us to start getting a system in favorite food pizza place, a universal health care system signed into law by the end of my first term as president, and build off that system to further, to late make it more rational. By the way, Canada did not start off immediately with a single payer system. Food! They had a similar transition step. On November 21, 2007, Obama said he favored the late essay implementation of mba essay 2013 a transitional system building on the existing systems that we have. He elaborated: [T]ransitional hopefully because the system currently is so, such a patchwork of inefficiency that over time I would want to to work see Medicaid, Medicare, the when children's health insurance program, SCHIP -- all those integrated more effectively. In the summer of 2008, when asked by a campaign audience about single-payer healthcare, Obama said, If I were designing a system from being late to work scratch, I would probably go ahead with a single-payer [government-run] system . my attitude is let’s build up the system we got, let’s make it more efficient, we maybe over time . decide that there are other ways for us to provide care more effectively. (Obama would sound this theme again in June 2009, when he told an sites that essays unreceptive American Medical Association: I'll be honest, there are countries where a single-payer system works pretty well.) “It is hard to being late overstate the degree to which our addiction to oil undermines our future. A large portion of the $800 million we spend on foreign oil every day goes to some of the essay kincaid world's most volatile regimes. And there are the environmental consequences.
Just about every scientist outside the essay White House believes climate change is real. We cannot drill our way out of the problem. Instead of subsidizing the of thesis oil industry, we should end every single tax break the industry currently receives and late to work demand that 1% of the revenues from oil companies with over essay on jamaica kincaid girl, $1 billion in quarterly profits go toward financing alternative energy research and infrastructure.” At a July 30, 2008 campaign stop in being late to work Missouri, Obama said: “There are things that you can do individually . to save energy; making sure your tires are properly inflated, simple thing, but we could save all the oil that they’re talking about getting off [from] drilling, if everybody was just inflating their tires and on jamaica getting regular tune-ups. You could actually save just as much.” To produce five gallons of being ethanol from corn, one must spend the energy equivalent of roughly four galons of ethanol for farming, shipping, and processing. (In other words, ethanol has a 25 percent net energy yield.) . Define Of Thesis! America's entire 6.5 billion gallon ethanol production created the late to work net energy equivalent of 2.2 days' worth of American gasoline consumption.  (Emphasis in original) In exchange for that miniscule output, adds Freddoso, federal and state governments provide between $6.3 billion and that pay for $8.7 billion in annual direct and indirect subsidies. Being Late Essay! When government subsidized corn ethanol production in 2007, it was like spending $9.00 to create a gallon of gasoline, and on jamaica doing it 853 million times.  “When I was asked earlier about the issue of coal, you know, under my plan of being to work a cap and that pay for trade system, electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket. Even regardless of what I say about whether coal is late to work essay, good or bad.
Because I’m capping greenhouse gases, coal power plants, you know, natural gas, you name it, whatever the plants were, whatever the industry was, uh, they would have to retrofit their operations. That will cost money. They will pass that money on pay for to consumers.” “Global warming is real, is happening now and is the result of human activities. The number of being to work essay Category 4 and 5 hurricanes has almost doubled in define statement the last 30 years. Being Late To Work! Glaciers are melting faster; the polar ice caps are shrinking; trees are blooming earlier; oceans are becoming more acidic, threatening marine life; people are dying in heat waves; species are migrating, and eventually many will become extinct. Scientists predict that absent major emission reductions, climate change will worsen famine and drought in sites pay for some of the poorest places in the world and being wreak havoc across the globe. In the sites pay for U.S., sea-level rise threatens to cause massive economic and being essay ecological damage to our populated coastal areas.”  During a 2008 campaign stop in favorite essay Oregon, Obama called on the United States to “lead by being late to work, example” on jesus christ global warming. “We can’t drive our SUVs and eat as much as we want and keep our homes on to work 72 degrees at food essay all times . and late then just expect that other countries are going to say OK,” he said. “That’s not leadership. Define! That’s not going to happen.”
In 2004 Obama spoke out against the Republican-led Congress' budgets generally, and against being late, the 2001 anti-terrorism bill known as the essay on jamaica kincaid Patriot Act specifically, suggesting that the Act infringed upon Americans' civil liberties. Said Obama: When you rush these budgets that are a foot high, and being to work nobody has any idea what's in them and nobody has read them . It gets rushed through without any clear deliberation or debate, then these kind of statement of thesis things happen, and I think this is in some ways what happened to being late the Patriot Act. I mean, you remember, there was no real debate about that. It was so quick after 9/11 that it was introduced, that people felt very intimidated by the [Bush] administration. Obama voted “No” on a bill to remove the need for 2013 a FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] warrant before the government may proceed with wiretapping in terrorism-related investigations of being late essay suspects in other countries. “Warrantless surveillance of American citizens, in defiance of FISA, is pizza essay, unlawful and unconstitutional,” said Obama.  “Why don’t we close Guantanamo and restore the right of to work essay habeas corpus, because that’s how we lead, not with the might of our military, but the that power of our ideals and the power of our values. It’s time to show the world we’re not a country that ships prisoners in the dead of night to be tortured in far off countries.” On June 19, 2008, political analyst Dick Morris described Obama's prescription for dealing with terrorism as follows: [Obama has] urged us to go back to the era of criminal-justice prosecution of terror suspects, citing the successful efforts to imprison those who bombed the World Trade Center in 1993. [He said] 'It is late essay, my firm belief that we can crack down on threats against the United States, but we can do so within the constraints of when is war essay our Constitution. In previous terrorist attacks -- for example, the first attack against being late essay, the World Trade Center, we were able to arrest those responsible, put them on trial.
They are currently in U.S. prisons, incapacitated.' The War in Afghanistan and define of thesis the Iraq War: In July of '04 [you said]: 'I'm not privy to Senate intelligence reports. What would I have done? I don't know,' in terms of how you would have voted on the war [in 2002].
In June 2006 Obama spoke out against being, the idea of setting a firm withdrawal date for U.S. troops in term christ Iraq. Immediately after the midterm election five months later, however, Obama declared that it was vital to change our policy and to bring home all American troops. In January 2007 Obama proposed legislation calling for the withdrawal of all troops within 14 months. “. would immediately begin to late to work pull out troops engaged in combat operations at a pace of is war essay one or two brigades every month, to be completed by the end of . He would call for being late to work a new constitutional convention in Iraq, convened with the sites that pay for United Nations, which would not adjourn until Iraq’s leaders reach a new accord on late essay reconciliation. 2013! He would use presidential leadership to surge our diplomacy with all of the being essay nations of the mba essay questions 2013 region on behalf of a new regional security compact.
And he would take immediate steps to being late to work confront the humanitarian disaster in Iraq, and to hold accountable any perpetrators of potential war crimes.” Claiming that the U.S. Favorite Pizza! presence in Iraq was “illegal,” Obama campaigned publicly in 2007 and 2008 for being late to work a speedy withdrawal of American troops from Iraq. But in a July 2008 discussion he held with Iraqi leaders in when is war justified Baghdad, Obama privately tried to persuade them to delay an essay agreement on term paper christ a timetable for such a withdrawal until after the being November elections. According to Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, “He asked why we were not prepared to mba essay delay an agreement until after the U.S. Being Late Essay! elections and the formation of a new administration in Washington. However, as an Iraqi, I prefer to have a security agreement that regulates the activities of foreign troops, rather than keeping the on jamaica kincaid matter open.” “Because . it's pretty straightforward. By us putting $10 billion to $12 billion a month, $200 billion, that's money that could have gone into Afghanistan. Those additional troops could have gone into to work essay Afghanistan. That money also could have been used to shore up a declining economic situation in when justified essay the United States. That money could have been applied to having a serious energy security plan so that we were reducing our demand on oil, which is helping to fund the being late to work insurgents in many countries. So those are all factors that would be taken into consideration in of thesis my decision -- to deal with a specific tactic or strategy inside of Iraq.”
In mid-July 2008, the portions of Obama's campaign website that had emphasized his opposition to the troop surge and late his statement that more troops would not change the favorite food essay course of the war, were suddenly removed. On the matter of using enhanced interrogation techniques (such as waterboarding) on high-level terrorist suspects, Obama emphatically pledged to end that practice: “This means ending the practices of shipping away prisoners in being late to work the dead of night to be tortured in sites that far-off countries, of detaining thousands without charge or trial, of maintaining a network of secret prisons to jail people beyond the reach of law. That will be my position as president. That includes renditions.” Which passages of scripture should guide our public policy? Should we go with Leviticus, which suggests slavery is OK and that eating shellfish is an abomination?
Or we could go with Deuteronomy which suggests stoning your child if he strays from the faith. Or should we just stick to Sermon on the Mount, a passage that is so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application. Obama has consistently opposed America's development of a missile defense system. In a February 2008 campaign ad, he stated: “I will cut tens of billions of dollars in wasteful spending. I will cut investments in unproven missile defense systems. I will not weaponize space. I will slow our development of future combat systems. Late To Work! I will institute an independent Defense Priorities Board to ensure that the Quadrennial Defense Review is not used to justify unnecessary defense spending. I will set a goal of on jamaica kincaid a world without nuclear weapons. To seek that goal, I will not develop new nuclear weapons. I will seek a global ban on the production of fissile material.”
Redistribution of Wealth: You know, if you look at the victories and failures of the civil-rights movement, and its litigation strategy in to work the court, I think where it succeeded was to vest formal rights in previously dispossessed peoples. So that I would now have the statement right to vote, I would now be able to sit at a lunch counter and order and as long as I could pay for it, I’d be okay, but the Supreme Court never entered into to work essay the issues of redistribution of wealth, and essay kincaid girl sort of more basic issues of political and economic justice in being to work this society. A caller then asked: “The gentleman [Obama] made the point that the when is war essay Warren Court wasn’t terribly radical. Being To Work! My question is (with economic changes) my question is, is it too late for that kind of reparative work, economically, and is that the appropriate place for reparative economic work to change place?” You know, I’m not optimistic about bringing about major redistributive change through the define of thesis courts.
The institution just isn’t structured that way. You start getting into all sorts of being late to work separation of powers issues, you know, in terms of the court monitoring or engaging in a process that essentially is administrative and takes a lot of when justified essay time. You know, the court is just not very good at being late it, and politically, it’s just very hard to legitimize opinions from the court in that regard. In October 2008, Bill Whittle of National Review Online analyzed Obama's words (from 2001) as follows: There is nothing vague or ambiguous about this. Nothing.
His plan would boost the top marginal [income tax] rate to well over jesus, 55 percentbefore the inclusion of state and local taxesresulting in many individuals seeing their marginal tax rate double. Senator Obama would end the Bush tax cuts and essay allow the top two tax rates to return to 36 and 39.6 percent. He also would allow personal exemptions and sites deductions to late to work be phased out for those with income over paper jesus christ, $250,000 [and] would end the Social Security payroll tax cap for being to work essay those over $250,000 in earnings. Term Jesus Christ! (The cap is currently set at late $102,000.) These individuals will then face a tax rate of 15.65 percent from payroll taxes and the top income tax rate of 39.6 percent for a combined top rate of over 56 percent on each additional dollar earned. In an kincaid April 2008 Democratic primary debate, Obama was asked, by journalist Charlie Gibson, a question about being late to work his proposal to nearly double the questions capital gains tax (from 15 percent to 28 percent). Said Gibson: “ In each instance when the rate dropped [in the being to work essay 1990s], revenues from the tax increased. The government took in define statement more money. And in the 1980s, when the [capital gains] tax was increased to 28 percent, the revenues went down. So why raise it at all, especially given the late fact that 100 million people in sites that essays this country own stock and would be affected?” Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama’s plan to cut taxes on 95 percent of taxpayers would effectively increase government spending by an average of $64.8 billion a year and effectively raise income tax rates for many Americans, even on some earning $20-$50,000 per year, according to the non-partisan Tax Policy Center. The net result of the tax plan, according to the figures above, will be to increase by more than 25 percent the late to work essay number of households that pay no taxes at all, thereby effectively increasing the size of the welfare state. At an October 2008 campaign appearance in Ohio, Obama was approached by 2013, a man named Joe Wurzelbacher (who thereafter would become widely known in to work essay the media as “Joe the plumber”).
Wurzelbacher told Obama that he was planning to purchase a business which was projected to mba essay earn in excess of $250,000 per hear, and that Obama’s tax plan, which would raise taxes (by 8.5 percent) on all small businesses earning over $250,000, would impose an unfair financial burden on him. Obama replied that the tax increase on businesses like his was justified because it would enable the government to give tax breaks to people earning considerably less than $250,000. “I think when you spread the wealth around, it’s good for to work essay everybody,” said Obama. Earmarking refers to essay girl the commonplace congressional practice of directing federal tax dollars to local projects which are often frivolous and being to work of extremely limited utility. In fiscal year 2008, Obama was the sole Senate sponsor of 29 earmarks whose aggregate sum was $10.7 million. Earmarks are often informal quid pro quo arrangements, where recipients show gratitude by giving money to the political official who steered the earmarks their way. For example, after Obama inserted earmarks into christ a 2008 defense appropriations bill, the recipients sent $16,000 in contributions to Obama's presidential campaign. In 1998 Obama proposed the creation of a study panel to examine the feasibility of having the government regulate and cap automobile insurance rates. Being To Work Essay! In January 2000 he spoke out in favor of price controls for prescription drugs. Define Statement Of Thesis! A year later he called for to work the establishment of a five-person government review board to place a cap on drug prices in Illinois. To read economist Thomas Sowell's explanation of why price controls have historically failed to lower costs or improve products and pay for essays services, click here. 
In September 2005, Obama sponsored Senate Concurrent Resolution 53, which expressed the sense of being Congress that any effort to impose photo identification requirements for voting should be rejected. “I will never walk away from the 12 million undocumented immigrants who live, work, and contribute to our country every single day. In July 2008, Obama again spoke to NCLR. That! Among his remarks were the to work essay following: “The theme of this [La Raza] conference is the work of questions 2013 your lives: strengthening America together. It's been the work of this organization for four decades --lifting up families and transforming communities across America.
And for that, I honor you, I congratulate you, I thank you, and late to work essay I wish you another forty years as extraordinary as your last. The U.S. Border Control (USBC), a nonprofit citizen's lobby dedicated to pay for essays ending illegal immigration and securing America’s borders, reports that Obama’s immigration-related votes are consistent with USBC’s values only 8 percent of the time. By USBC’s definition, Obama’s stance on immigration qualifies him as an “open borders” advocate. Obama voted against a bill to declare English the official language of the U.S. government. To Work Essay! Under this bill, no person would be entitled to have the government communicate with him (or provide materials for him) in any language other than English. Nothing in the bill, however, prohibited the use of essay girl a language other than English. “When we get in a tussle, we appeal to the Founding Fathers and the Constitution’s ratifiers to being late give direction. Some, like Justice Scalia, conclude that the original understanding must be followed and if we obey this rule, democracy is respected. Others, like Justice Breyer, insist that sometimes the original understanding can take you only so far -- that on the truly big arguments, we have to take context, history, and the practical outcomes of a decision into account.
I have to side with Justice Breyer’s view of the Constitution -- that it is questions 2013, not a static but rather a living document and must be read in the context of an ever-changing world.” When President Bush in 2005 nominated John Roberts to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Obama stated that few Supreme Court cases involve any controversy at to work all, “so that both a [conservative like] Scalia and a [leftist like] Ginsburg will arrive at the same place most of the time on those 95 percent of when cases.” In the other 5 percent, he said, “the critical ingredient” was neither the law nor the Constitution says, but rather “what is in the judge’s heart.” “[W]hen I examined Judge Roberts’ record and history of public service, it is my personal estimation that he has far more often used his formidable skills on behalf of the strong in opposition to being the weak. In his work in the White House and the Solicitor General’s Office, he seemed to have consistently sided with those who were dismissive of efforts to eradicate the remnants of racial discrimination in our political process. In these same positions, he seemed dismissive of concerns that it is harder to make it in essay on jamaica kincaid this world and in this economy when you are a woman rather than a man.” Obama was also “deeply troubled” by being to work, “the philosophy, ideology and mba essay 2013 record” of yet another Bush nominee to the Supreme Court, Samuel Alito. “There is no indication that he [Alito] is not a man of fine character,” Obama said in being late to work essay a floor speech on when justified essay January 26, 2006. Being Late To Work! “But when you look at his record, when it comes to of thesis his understanding of the Constitution, I found that in being to work almost every case he consistently sides on behalf of the powerful against the powerless.” “In contrast to his soaring campaign rhetoric about bringing America together, Obama’s Senate speeches against Roberts and Alito revealed a polarizing vision of America. Mba Essay 2013! Minorities, women, employees and criminal defendants were among the weak; majorities, men, employers and prosecutors were among the strong.” In April 2007, newsman Wolf Blitzer asked Obama, Are there . Justices right now upon whom you would model [appointments to being late to work the Supreme Court]? Obama replied, Well, you know, I think actually Justice [Stephen] Breyer, Justice [Ruth Bader] Ginsburg are very sensible judges. Define! I think that Justice [David] Souter . is a sensible judge. We need somebody who's got the late to work heart, the food pizza essay empathy, to recognize what it's like to be a young teenage mom, the empathy to understand what it's like to being late essay be poor or African-American or gay or disabled or old--and that's the criterion by which I'll be selecting my judges. I've spent my entire adult life working with SEIU.
I'm not a newcomer to when is war essay this. Late! I didn't just suddenly discover SEIU. Your agenda's been my agenda in the United States Senate. Before debating health care, I talked to [SEIU President] Andy Stern and SEIU members. Before immigration debates took place in Washington, I talked with [SEIU Executive Vice President] Eliseo Medina and questions SEIU members. Before the being to work EFCA [Employee Free Choice Act], I talked to SEIU. Obama supports an initiative known as the Global Poverty Act (GPA), which, if signed into paper christ law, would compel the being late U.S. Define Of Thesis! President to develop “and implement” a policy to “cut extreme global poverty in half by essay, 2015 through aid, trade, debt relief,” and on jamaica girl other means. “With billions of people living on just dollars a day around the world, global poverty remains one of the greatest challenges and tragedies the international community faces. It must be a priority of American foreign policy to commit to eliminating extreme poverty and ensuring every child has food, shelter, and clean drinking water. As we strive to rebuild America’s standing in the world, this important bill will demonstrate our promise and late to work essay commitment to those in the developing world.
Our commitment to the global economy must extend beyond trade agreements that are more about increasing profits than about helping workers and small farmers everywhere.” According to a February 2008 report by Accuracy in Media editor Cliff Kincaid, the adoption of the GPA could “result in the imposition of a global tax on essay the United States” and being would make levels “of U.S. Of Thesis! foreign aid spending subservient to the dictates of the United Nations.” Kincaid stated that the legislation would earmark some 0.7 percent of the U.S. gross national product to foreign aid, which over being late to work, a 13-year period would amount to when justified roughly $845 billion “over and above what the being late to work essay U.S. already spends.” During a July 2007 Democrat primary debate, Obama was asked: [W]ould you be willing to meet separately, without preconditions, during the first year of your administration, with the leaders of Iran, Syria, Venezuela, Cuba and North Korea, in order to bridge the gap that divides our countries? In January 2008 the sites that pay for essays National Journal published its rankings of late to work essay all U.S. senators -- based on how they had voted on christ a host of foreign and domestic policy bills -- and rated Barack Obama “the most liberal Senator of being to work essay 2007.” “Obama’s [foreign policy] liberal score of 92 and statement of thesis conservative score of 7 indicate that he was more liberal in that issue area than 92 percent of the senators and more conservative than 7 percent,” the researchers explained. In the area of domestic policy voting, the study found that “Obama voted the liberal position on 65 of the 66 key votes on being late to work essay which he voted [and] garnered perfect liberal scores in favorite both the being to work essay economic and social categories.” President Barack Obama:
On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama was elected President of the mba essay questions United States. Being To Work Essay! He defeated Republican opponent John McCain, capturing 364 electoral votes vs. McCain's 162. Obama received a total of 64,538,980 votes (52.5%), vs. McCain's 56,802,609 (46.2%).  David Horowitz and Jacob Laksin, The New Leviathan (2012), Chapter 2.  Rezko had initially met Obama in essay 1990, when the late former was a low-income housing developer in Chicago and essay on jamaica kincaid the latter was a Harvard Law School student. In fact, Rezko offered Obama a job with his company, Rezmar Corporation, but Obama turned it down. When Obama announced in late to work 1995 that he was running for an Illinois Senate seat (which would be up for grabs in 1996), two of Tony Rezko’s companies donated a total of $2,000 to Obama’s campaign. Over the course of the entire primary season, Rezko raised between $10,000 and $15,000 of the roughly $100,000 Obama collected overall. Mba Essay 2013! Obama won the November 1996 election, and the district he represented included 11 of Rezko's 30 low-income housing projects.
Rezko served on the campaign committee for being to work Obama’s failed congressional run against U.S. Define Of Thesis! Rep. Bobby Rush in 2000, raising between $50,000 and $75,000 of the being late estimated $600,000 Obama collected for that race. In 2001 Rezko’s Rezmar Corporation stopped making its mortgage payments on the old nursing home it had converted into sites pay for apartments, and the state of Illinois foreclosed on the building, which was located in Obama's Senate district. In 2003 Obama announced that he would run for an Illinois seat in late to work the U.S. Paper Christ! Senate which would be open the following year. He again named Rezko to his campaign finance committee. It is estimated that Rezko raised some $160,000 for Obama during the Senate primary season.
In November 2004 Obama was elected U.S. Being Essay! Senator. A few months later, he and Rezko's wife, Rita, purchased adjacent pieces of property in Chicago's Kenwood neighborhood. Obama’s portion of the deal involved a mansion for which he paid $1.65 million -- $300,000 below the seller’s asking price. Meanwhile, Rezko's wife (who earned only $37,000 per year and owned few assets) paid the favorite food pizza full asking price -- $625,000 -- for a vacant lot adjacent to Obama’s mansion. At this time, Mr. Rezko was being pursued by creditors seeking more than $10 million which Rezko owed on defaulted loans and late to work essay failed business ventures. Essay! At least 12 lawsuits had been filed against Rezko and his businesses from November 2002 to January 2005, including one by the G.E. Commercial Finance Corporation, which had extended more than $5 million in loans for Rezko’s 17 Papa Johns’ Pizza parlors in Detroit, Chicago and being late Milwaukee.
In November 2004, G.E. obtained a court judgment against Mr. Rezko for the $3.5 million that it said was outstanding on its loans. Obama says he does not know why the Rezkos decided to purchase the vacant lot at that time. But the Rezkos’ involvement was crucial because the food pizza essay owners of the house and the lot had stipulated that neither property could be sold unless a deal for the other also closed on the same day. Both deals indeed closed on the same day in June 2005. At the being to work time of the purchase, Mr. Rezko was ostensibly destitute; that is why his wife was named officially as the paper jesus sole purchaser of the vacant lot. In December 2005 Obama paid Rita Rezko $104,500 for a strip that constituted one-sixth of her newly acquired lot, so that he could increase the width of his yard by ten feet.
At the time of being to work essay this deal, Tony Rezko was under federal investigation on on jamaica kincaid charges that he had solicited kickbacks from being late companies seeking state pension business under his friend, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich, for whom Rezko reportedly had raised as much as $500,000. For more than two years before the property purchases, news articles also had raised questions about Mr. Rezko’s influence over state appointments and contracts. Moreover, reports swirled that the FBI was investigating accusations of a shakedown scheme in which Mr. Term! Rezko had suggested appointments to being a state hospital board. Obama rejects any suggestion that the Rezkos, by paying full price for the vacant lot, had enabled him to save $300,000 on his home’s purchase price and were perhaps seeking political favors in return. Pizza! “Frankly, I don’t think he [Mr. Late! Rezko] was doing me a favor,” Obama has said. In October 2006, Mr. Rezko was indicted on extortion charges. According to federal prosecutors, Rezko had funneled $10,000 in kickback fees to Obama's 2004 Senate campaign. Rezko remained free on bail until January 28, 2008, when a U.S.
District Judge jailed him for having disobeyed a court order to keep the Judge apprised of his (Rezko’s) financial status. Most notably, Rezko had failed to tell the judge about a $3.5 million loan he had received (in mid-2005) from pay for London-based Iraqi billionaire Nadhmi Auchi -- a loan that Auchi later forgave in exchange for shares in a prime slice of Chicago real estate. According to the Associated Press, Rezko “gave $700,000 of the [$3.5 million] to late essay his wife [for the purchase of the paper vacant lot adjacent to late Obama’s mansion] and used the term paper rest to pay legal bills and funnel cash to various supporters.”  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 116.  Such an approach to “pregnancy prevention” had been tried before, with disastrous results. In the being late to work essay 1960s, leftists in politics and academia demanded that sex education be added to public-school curricula nationwide, and that government-funded “family planning” (abortion) services be made more widely available. By 1968, almost half of all U.S. schoolspublic and private, religious and secularhad instituted sex education programs for term christ their students; these programs continued to spread widely throughout the being essay American educational system in when is war essay the 1970s. “Family planning” clinics also proliferated exponentially from the mid-Sixties to the mid-Seventies.
Between the late Sixties and 1978, federal expenditures for “family planning” and “population” legislation grew from $16 million annually to $279 million. Whereas in essay 1969 fewer than 250,000 teenagers used the services provided by abortion clinics, by 1976 their number had risen to 1.2 million. Favorite Food Pizza Essay! Between 1970 and 1980, the pregnancy rate among 15- to 19-year-olds rose by being late to work essay, more than 40 percent. Among unmarried girls aged 15 to 17, birth rates rose 29 percent between 1970 and 1984even as the number of abortions more than doubled during the same period.  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 203.  These rules to deter racial profiling, say critics, lead to “de-policing.” To avoid charges of racism if they question or arrest too many minority suspects, police find it easier to protect their careers by turning a blind eye and leaving minority criminals alone.  Obama’s premise of a discriminatory justice system is entirely mistaken, as Manhattan Institute scholar Heather MacDonald points out: “Let’s start with the idea that cops over-arrest blacks and food pizza essay ignore white criminals. Being To Work! In fact, the race of criminals reported by crime victims matches arrest data.
As long ago as 1978, a study of robbery and aggravated assault in eight cities found parity between the race of assailants in victim identifications and in essay arrestsa finding replicated many times since, across a range of crimes. No one has ever come up with a plausible argument as to why crime victims would be biased in their reports. “Moving up the being essay enforcement chain, the campaign against the criminal-justice system next claims that prosecutors overcharge and judges oversentence blacks. In 1997, criminologists Robert Sampson and paper Janet Lauritsen reviewed the massive literature on charging and sentencing. Late To Work! They concluded that ‘large racial differences in criminal offending,’ not racism, explained why more blacks were in prison proportionately than whites and for longer terms. A 1987 analysis of Georgia felony convictions, for example, found that blacks frequently received disproportionately lenient punishment. Essay Kincaid Girl! A 1990 study of 11,000 California cases found that slight racial disparities in sentence length resulted from being to work essay blacks’ prior records and other legally relevant variables. That Pay For Essays! A 1994 Justice Department survey of felony cases from the country’s 75 largest urban areas discovered that blacks actually had a lower chance of prosecution following a felony than whites did, and that they [blacks] were less likely to be found guilty at trial.
Following conviction, blacks were more likely to receive prison sentences, howeveran outcome that reflected the gravity of being to work essay their offenses as well as their criminal records. “Another criminologisteasily as liberal as Sampsonreached the same conclusion in 1995: ‘Racial differences in patterns of that offending, not racial bias by essay, police and when is war other officials, are the principal reason that such greater proportions of blacks than whites are arrested, prosecuted, convicted and imprisoned,’ Michael Tonry wrote in Malign Neglect . The media’s favorite criminologist, Alfred Blumstein, found in essay 1993 that blacks were significantly underrepresented in prison for homicide compared with their presence in arrest.”  Many critics of the pizza essay Court’s decision contended that it had undone the late landmark Brown v. Essay Girl! Board of Education ruling of 1954. But these charges were untrue. The Brown case addressed the being late to work issue of mandatory racial segregation in define statement America’s public schools, an issue which had become an international embarrassment for the United States. The case centered around a black third-grader named Linda Brown who had been denied admission to an all-white school located just a few blocks from late essay her home in Topeka, Kansas, and was forced instead to take a bus to an all-black school in a more distant neighborhood. Because millions of other blacks nationwide faced the same dilemma, her case had far-reaching, monumental implications. Miss Brown’s father successfully sued the Topeka Board of Education on questions grounds that, contrary to a previous Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Being Late To Work! Ferguson (1896), segregated schools were separate but not equal and pizza thus failed to to work essay fulfill the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection under the laws. On May 17, 1954, the mba essay Court handed down a 9-0 decision which stated unequivocally: “Where a State has undertaken to provide an opportunity for to work essay an education in its public schools, such an opportunity is a right which must be made available to sites essays all on equal terms.” In other words, Brown overturned the notion that it was permissible to being to work essay use race as the basis for denying students the questions 2013 right to being late to work attend the schools they preferred. Like the 1964 Civil Rights Act that would become law ten years later, Brown was intended to essay on jamaica remove barriers to being integration by outlawing de jure segregation, but it issued no mandate for measures (like busing or racial quotas) to 2013 forcibly integrate America’s schools or workplaces.  Hoover Institution fellow and Stanford University sociologist Thomas Sowell, who has studied this matter in great depth, explains that the late essay “‘compelling’ benefits of ‘diversity’ are “as invisible as the proverbial emperor’s new clothes”; that “[n]ot only is mba essay questions, there no hard evidence that mixing and matching black and white kids in school produces either educational or social benefits, there have been a number of studies of all-black schools whose educational performances equal or exceed the national average”; that “[s]ome black students -- in fact, whole schools of them -- have performed dramatically better than other black students and essay exceeded the norms in white schools,” and that this phenomenon dates back as far as the late 19th century; that black students who have been bussed into white schools have seen no discernible rise in essay their standardized test scores -- “not even after decades of bussing”; and being late to work essay that “[n]ot only is there no hard evidence” for the dogma “that there needs to be a ‘critical mass’ of black students in a given school or college in order for them to perform up to standard,” but that “such hard evidence as there is points in the opposite direction.
Bright black kids have benefited from being in classes with other bright kids, regardless of the other kids’ color.”  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 114.  Contrary to Obama’s claim, in May 2008 it was announced that more than 31,000 scientists across the essay kincaid U.S. -- including more than 9,000 Ph.D.s in fields such as atmospheric science, climatology, Earth science, environment and dozens of other specialties -- had signed a petition rejecting the claim that the human production of greenhouse gases is causing global warming that damages the Earth's climate. There is late, no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gases is causing or will, in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and disruption of the Earth's climate, the petition stated. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and animal environments of the Earth.  Most legal scholars believe the food president has inherent constitutional authority to conduct warrantless wiretaps to collect foreign intelligence, and no statute -- including FISA -- can reverse that. Citing a 22-year-old precedent, the Federal Intelligence Surveillance Court of essay Review ruled in 2002 that “the president did have inherent authority to favorite food essay conduct warrantless searches to obtain foreign intelligence information.
We take for granted that the president does have that authority and, assuming that is so, FISA could not encroach on the president’s constitutional power.” John Schmidt, President Clinton’s associate attorney general from 1994-97, wrote that NSA [National Security Agency] surveillance against al-Qaeda “is consistent with court decisions and with the positions of the Justice Department under prior presidents”; FISA, he explained, “did not alter the to work essay constitutional situation.” Schmidt quoted Clinton Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick’s 1994 testimony before the statement of thesis Senate Intelligence Committee: “The Department of Justice believes, and the case law supports, that the president has inherent authority to conduct warrantless physical searches for foreign intelligence purposes.”  Obama and his fellow critics of late to work military commissions accuse such tribunals of trampling on the civil rights and liberties of defendants who, the define critics contend, should be entitled to all the being to work essay rights and protections afforded by questions 2013, the American criminal court system -- where the late standards that govern the term christ admissibility of evidence are considerably stricter than the to work counterpart standards in military tribunals. In November 2006 Congress passed the Military Commissions Act of 2006, formally authorizing the adjudication of war crimes and essay kincaid girl terrorism cases in military courts. The House of late Representatives vote was 253 to 168 (Republicans voted 219 to favorite food pizza 7 in to work favor, Democrats 160 to essay kincaid 34 against); the overall Senate margin was 65 to 34 in late essay favor. According to the Defense Department, military tribunals, where military officers serve as the judges and jurors, are designed to deal with offenses committed in the context of warfare including pillaging; terrorism; willfully killing or attacking civilians; taking hostages; employing poison or analogous weapons; using civilians as human shields; torture; mutilation or maiming; improperly using a flag of surrender; desecrating or abusing a dead body; rape; hijacking or hazarding a vessel or aircraft; aiding the enemy; spying; providing false testimony or perjury; soliciting others to commit offenses that are triable by military jurisprudence; and intending or conspiring to commit, or to aid in the commission of, such crimes.
The issue of whether it is appropriate to mba essay questions 2013 try someone accused of the aforementioned transgressions in being late to work a military court depends upon term jesus how one answers a single overriding question: Is terrorism a matter of war, or is being to work essay, it a legal issue where redress should be pursued via the criminal-justice system like robbery, vandalism, or murder.  “Our government, the Supreme Court has ruled, “by thus defining lawful belligerents entitled to be treated as prisoners of war, has recognized that there is a class of unlawful belligerents not entitled to that privilege, including those who, though combatants, do not wear ‘fixed and distinctive emblems.’” Apart from the favorite essay question of to work whether military tribunals are a good idea philosophically, trying terrorists and war criminals in civilian rather than military courts poses a number of serious problems from a practical standpoint. Term Christ! For one thing, the rules defining admissible and inadmissible evidence in each venue differ dramatically. In civilian trials, neither coerced testimony, nor confessions made in the absence of a Miranda warning, nor hearsay evidence can presented to essay the court; in military tribunals the opposite is true, provided that the court determines such evidence to that pay for have “probative value to a reasonable person.” Attorneys Spencer J. Being Late To Work! Crona and Neal A. Richardson explain the profound significance of this: “A relaxation of the hearsay rule might become critical in a prosecution for terrorism where it may be impossible to produce live witnesses to an event which occurred years earlier in a foreign country. That Pay For Essays! For example, the indictment in the Pan Am Flight 103 case details the alleged purchase of clothing, by essay, Libyan intelligence agent Abdel Bassett, for when is war essay placement in the suitcase with the bomb. The clothing was used to disguise the contents of the suitcase containing the being to work bomb, which was placed inside a radio-cassette player. Under the rules of evidence applicable in U.S.
District Court, the prosecution would have to define statement of thesis produce in person the Maltese shopkeeper to identify Abdel Bassett as the man who allegedly purchased the clothing back in late to work 1988, as opposed to essay producing the investigator who tracked down the shopkeeper and showed him a photograph of Abdel Bassett. Even if we assume that the shopkeeper could be located six years or more after the fact, we recognize that it is nearly impossible to being to work essay secure involuntary testimony from a witness who is sites that, a citizen of being late a foreign country, especially one that historically has been less than sympathetic to is war justified the United States. The reach of being a federal court subpoena simply does not extend to Malta.” Another exceedingly significant weakness inherent in term paper christ civilian trials for terrorists is the to work essay fact that in such proceedings, there exists a high likelihood that classified intelligence sources will be compromised. If the term paper christ government wishes to present certain incriminating evidence in a civilian trial, which is open to the public, it must disclose its sources as well as the techniques it used for obtaining the information from them.
This obviously would place those sources in being to work essay grave danger and would quickly lead to the non-cooperation or disappearance of many of them to say nothing of the term christ future potential informants who would undoubtedly choose to avoid placing themselves in similar peril. Moreover, the effectiveness of any publicly disclosed information-gathering techniques would thereafter be permanently compromised. By contrast, military tribunals permit incriminating evidence to to work essay be presented to define statement of thesis the judge and jury, while being kept secret from the public as well as from the defendant and to work his attorney. For those who are concerned about favorite food pizza legal precedent, it must be understood that the use of military tribunals for the adjudication of war crimes is in no way a departure from past practices. military commissions were used commonly during the Civil War. Prior to that, General George Washington employed such tribunals during the American Revolution in the late 18th century. In the era following the ratification of the late to work essay U.S. Constitution, military tribunals were first convened by essay, Major General Winfield Scott during the being late to work essay Mexican-American War of 1846-48, to adjudicate the alleged war crimes of American troops and mba essay questions Mexican guerrilla fighters alike. Late To Work Essay! World War II also saw the use of military courts, the most famous case involving eight marines of the essay kincaid Third Reich (one of whom was an American citizen named Herbert Haupt ) who rode a Nazi U-boat to the east coast of the United States, where, laden with explosives, they disembarked and set off toward various locations with the intent of bombing railroads, hydroelectric plants, factories, department stores, and defense facilities across the country.
The saboteurs were wearing no military uniforms or identifying emblems when they were captured, meaning that they were, in the eyes of the law (as defined by the Supreme Court in Ex parte Quirin , quoted earlier in this article), “unlawful combatants.” Refusing to grant the perpetrators civilian jury trials, President Franklin D. To Work Essay! Roosevelt quickly created a secret military commission to essay hear their cases. Late To Work! All eight were convicted and sentenced to death, though two turncoats later had their sentences commuted to life in prison.  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 96.  Thomas Sowell, Price Controls, Capitalism (November 16, 2005). Dr. Sowell writes:
It so happens there is a history of price controls and their consequences in countries around the world, going back literally thousands of years. Essay Girl! But most people who advocate price controls are unaware of, and uninterested in, that history .  David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama, pp. To Work! 205-206. ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT FEATURES: Since Feb 14, 2005 --Hits: 61,630,061 --Visitors: 7,024,052.
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English and Comparative Literary Studies. This handbook is a guide that I’m hoping will enable you. It is geared, in essay, particular, towards the seventeenth-century literature and culture module but I hope you will find it useful at other times too. I would like to stress, though, that it is not the only way to do things. Favorite Food Essay! It may be that you have much better ideas about what makes for essay, a successful essay and have tried and tested methods of executing your research. There isn’t necessarily a right way and so I hope you will not see this as proscriptive and limiting. You should talk to all your tutors about what makes for a good essay to kincaid, get a sense of the being late, different ways that you might construct an essay.
1. Essay writing (p.2) 2. Close reading (p. 4) 4. Constructing an argument (p. 8) 5. Help with this particular assessment (p. 9) 6. Grade descriptions (p. 10)
1. Sites That Pay For Essays! ESSAY WRITING (and historicist writing in particular) Essay writing has four stages: reading, planning, writing and proof-reading. Excepting the last, you may not find that they are not particularly discrete but rather interlinked and mutually informative. Being To Work! If any stage is skipped or done badly, though, it will impair your work. 1) Read the jesus, text and being essay, make sure you understand it. Essay! Use the being, Oxford English Dictionary online to look up any words you don’t understand or if they are operating in an unfamiliar context. Available on is war justified the Warwick web: http://www.oed.com. 2) Do a close reading. Make a list technical features (cf. the page in this booklet entitled ‘close reading’; refer to being to work, the section on of thesis poetic form in the back of your Norton Anthologies pp. 2944-52).
Ask yourself: ‘how does the text achieve its effects?’ Then ask yourself: ‘how do those poetic effects relate to the meaning of the text?’. 3) Do some research, particularly on the historical theme, period, cultural group that you’re interested in. You could begin with a general history and late essay, then do a literature search for more specialist books and articles. When Essay! It may help you to narrow your research to a particular theme or idea that is suggested, hopefully by your reading in 1) and 2). Rather than trying to find out about the whole of being late to work seventeenth-century culture, limit your research to define, the restoration, cavalier culture, medicine, the to work, family or whatever. (See the handout on research). 4) Be careful when you take notes so that you will make no mistake, when you come to writing and referencing your work, about what is your work and what is someone else’s. Read and be clear about the university’s rules on plagiarism which are laid out in the blue booklet ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’ which you can get from the general office.
1) Begin by making a spider plan of all your ideas and the relationships between them. Essay On Jamaica Kincaid Girl! IF YOU DON'T LIKE SPIDERS FORGET THIS BIT. 2) Then write out a paragraph (which you will not include in your essay necessarily) called ‘MY LINE OF ARGUMENT’. This will be information to yourself (so it can be very boringly and functionally written) about what you intend to being late essay, say. Define! Ideally this should be a single big idea, which you can sustain for the length of the essay, made up of stages that can be demonstrated with reference to the passage in question. Being Late Essay! It may well be that you want to write something similar to this ‘line of argument’ paragraph, only in a more dynamic and that, elegant way, for your introduction. See the page entitled ‘constructing an argument’ that has an example of a ‘line of argument’ paragraph. 3) Then write out a linear plan of your essay with a logical ARGUMENT, an argument that is assertively stated and then proved through the being essay, course of your piece. TIP: try not to separate out style, content and context; discuss them together to favorite essay, show how the relate to being late essay, one another. You are aiming to produce something that identifies and describes both the wood and the trees; indeed, the trees are your evidence for the existence of the wood! You need to put together a big argument out of lots of bits of evidence.
1) Everyone has his or her own way of writing. I sometimes find it easier to write the term christ, middle of the essay first and being late, then come to the introduction last, which is perhaps the christ, hardest bit to write. You may find that your ideas change and are worked out more fully as you start to to work essay, write. In which case go back to sites pay for, B) and produce another plan. Present your ideas as a finished thought, rather than a thought process. 2) Keep yourself closely to your argument by imagining your reader. Perhaps a friend, a tutor or a parent might serve: imagine them behind you as you write asking ‘SO WHAT?’, making you insist on late to work its relevance and trying to prove a particular point. Imagine that you are a newspaper editor writing a polemic, trying to convince your readership of a particular point of view. 3) Inventing a title and writing an introduction. Define! You should try to being essay, make your essay interesting to an examiner. Which do you think is the best of these three titles: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘Discuss the question of term paper jesus race in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’; ‘The “gallant slave”: the idea of the being essay, noble savage in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko’.
Similarly with the introduction. The first sentence should grab the examiner immediately. Which is a better first sentence: ‘Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko was published in 2013, 1688 and is a prose work about Surinam’; ‘At the heart of Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko stands the being late, deep paradox of the define statement of thesis, ‘royal slave’. 4) Using secondary literary criticism. It is, of course, good to read lots and to incorporate that reading into your work. What you are attempting to late essay, do, though, is to position your independently arrived at ideas in relation to other critics in the field. You shouldn’t be deferential or let the ideas of others drag you off course.
You should USE other people’s work in the service of your own argument. Sites That Pay For Essays! For example, you might disagree with a critic; you might apply their theory about one text to another; you might say that their work hasn’t gone far enough in its assessment. Never use a quotation from being to work essay, someone else to clinch an argument: just because someone famous has said x or y it doesn’t mean that it’s necessarily true. I sometimes find it useful to 2013, write a draft of my paper that includes no secondary reading at all, basing it just on essay my general knowledge of the critical field. I then do some detailed research in sites, secondary criticism before writing a second draft. This means that the agenda is not dictated by other scholars, and ensures that I use them rather than becoming their spokeswoman. Make sure, of course, that all your reading is properly referenced to avoid a charge of plagiarism.
1) Check the spelling: in particular the essay, names of the author and the text that you’re looking at MUST be spelled correctly. 2) Check your punctuation. If you don’t know how to use particular punctuation marks please get a book and learn how. Favorite Essay! In particular the misuse of apostrophes is deeply irritating to an examiner. The Collins gem guides are really good also Lynne Truss, Eats, Shoots and Leaves is fun and informative.
3) Make sure that you get hold of the blue booklet, ‘Essay Writing and Scholarly Practice’, from the general office. You must use the reference guide in there. I favor the MHRA guidelines; you may prefer the late to work, MLA style. Paper! If you do reference a website it is best to put it in essay, a footnote rather than the text were it looks ugly. You should always include some close detailed analysis of the literary text(s) that you’re discussing in your essay. This demonstrates your sensitivity to the forms, textures and ideological purpose of language. You should aim to show the relationship between form and meaning, between the text and its world. Before you can put together an argument about the relationship between a text and jesus, its time you will need to do some close reading, compiling a list of technical features in a text or an excerpt from late, a text. Choose excerpts that relate to themes or passages that interest you. Statement! Then you can develop a checklist of features to look for.
Use this as a guide but you may want to add to, or amend it. *** What you see will be very different from what other people see. So, although it looks like a slightly dry exercise, this is where your ideas, your originality will come from. Close reading, in any module, will make your essays sparkle. *** #61623; Prose, drama or poetry? #61623; Genre? (e.g. is it panegyric, epic, restoration comedy or what ever) #61623; Does it remind you of anything? Can you compare or contrast it with something of a similar date? Or, alternatively, compare it with something of a similar genre from the being late to work essay, previous or next decade, for example, in order to investigate change over time.
#61623; Poetry: metre, rhythm and rhyme. Look at the section on poetic form at the back of the Norton Anthology (p. 2944) and other guides. Questions! Don’t just describe metre etc but ask yourself how it works in that particular passage. How are units of meaning created by the line divisions? When a poet downplays or emphasizes a particular word through positioning it in a particular way, what effect does it have? How does the poet manage tone, pace and being to work essay, register with his use of define of thesis rhyme and rhythm? iF THESE FEATURES ARE NOT IMPORTANT IN YOUR PIECE IGNORE THEM. #61623; Drama: look at the length / speed of the speeches, the to work essay, stage directions, the essay on jamaica kincaid girl, entrances and exits. #61623; Prose: rhetorical features and clause structure are the things to to work essay, look out for in particular. That! Are the being late to work essay, sentences complex or simple? Is it in hypotaxis or parataxis?
What about word order and syntax, is there anything unusual or unexpected there? #61623; What is the overall structure of the passage / text? Are there abrupt changes or a progression from one idea to another? #61623; What other structures are there? Symmetries, comparisons and contrasts, digressions, asides, repetition. Is there any dialogue? Are the arguments circular or progressive? #61623; Are there any words you don’t fully understand? If you aren’t in a closed exam you could look them up in the Oxford English Dictionary online.
This would also give you a sense of the jesus, other meanings that that word might have. Are there any puns? #61623; Think about grammatical features: tenses, conditional constructions, the passive voice. Is the passage in late to work essay, the first, second or third person? Perhaps there are tense or person shifts; what effect do these produce?
#61623; Look out for predominance: several superlatives or comparative adjectives and adverbs; a lot of words that mean a similar thing, repetitions of possessive pronouns or what ever. #61623; What kind of language is being used? i.e. what register is it in? Is it elevated or earthy, legal or lyrical, rhetorical or religious? Why? #61623; Look for particular rhetorical features: metaphor and simile, hyperbole and litotes, personification, metonymy and so on. #61623; Look at punctuation (but be careful: it could be the intervention of a printer or a later editor). Look out for: enjambment, parentheses, direct speech? When the punctuation is sparse, why? Is it because there is a proliferation of conjunctions that resist punctuation like, for example, the word ‘and’. This may indicate parataxis or a very conversational style. #61623; Look out for allusions and references, often to the bible or classical stories.
If you don’t know them and you’re not in a closed exam, look them up in a reference dictionary or on favorite food pizza essay the internet. #61623; What is the tone of the passage? Is it homiletic, comic, anxious, melancholy or ironic? How is this effect created? #61623; Where else does that poet use similar phrases, ideas, patterns and images? What does it say about his or her concerns and art? TIP: Don’t make simple associations between sense and sound. For example, whilst there are a lot of warm words that begin with ‘m’ (like, for being, example, milkmaid, mother, magic etc) there are also some, like ‘malice’, ‘muscular’, ‘murder’ which evoke quite different associations. You then need to statement, think how those technical features, which you’ve noted construct the meaning of the passage / text. Do not think about being to work, form and mba essay questions 2013, content as separate things as if form were a kind of being late essay cloak in which meaning is define statement, dressed: they are organically connected.
Above and beyond that you will also need to think about how that text (both its form and to work essay, its meaning) relate to the particular concerns and fashions (literary, political, philosophical etc) of jesus christ its time. You might think about the late to work essay, way in which repeated ideas in your text / excerpt link to significant contemporary discourses. Look for substituted vocabularies: i.e. when love / sex is discussed with the language of money / credit for term jesus christ, example. Could that be related to prevailing economic trends and being to work, ideas? When you are constructing your ARGUMENT and writing your essay, consult your close reading list. Not everything there will be relevant to your ARGUMENT; you only want to include the things that relate, that offer evidence for essay on jamaica girl, a particular point of view about how the text is placed culturally, politically, socially and / or historically. Research is crucial for any essay and requires a certain amount of initiative. You will partly have to learn by trial and being late essay, error.
Here are a few tips and ideas, though. Read both narrowly (and address the theme of your essay) and questions 2013, also widely. So if you are, for being late to work essay, example, researching infanticide, also research the essay, family or law / crime. When you research a context it might be worth look at the work of philosophers, painters, and theologians and late to work essay, see what they were saying / doing in this period. An essay which looked at the early modern patriarchal family in term paper jesus christ, the light of being essay Robert Filmer’s political tract Patriarchia, for example, would be much more interesting than one that only looked at modern historians’ account of the early modern family. An essay that discussed the panegyric written to, or on a particular king, alongside the portraits that were painted of him could also be very suggestive. EEBO might be very useful here at helping you to pay for, find out about, say, sermon culture or advice literature. (look at late essay, the last page of this booklet for some help here).
Think of some the areas, themes, historical moments, authors and ideas that you want to find out about. List them as key words. For example: Aphra Behn, Oroonoko, race, royalism, restoration, early modern, colonialism, slavery etc Do not be limited here. Is War! Think of being terms / phrases that will give you some background too. How about mba essay 2013, ‘cheap print’, ‘renaissance politics’ etc Then begin on the computer. Be careful of stuff that you find on essay the ordinary WWW.
It is not usually very reliable. Often this is stuff that people can’t publish in proper books. Use it is a guide and be very critical. 1) http://www.jstor.org (through the essay kincaid girl, Warwick network only). Being To Work! Here you can read articles from pizza, reputable, peer-reviewed journals on late line. An excellent starting point. Try various combinations of your search terms in mba essay questions 2013, either the Basic search (will give you hundreds of items) or in the advanced search form (which will give you much narrower and probably more useful stuff. Try it out; go to the advanced search form: A) In the box marked ‘All of late essay these words’ insert the word ‘Behn’. Then tick the box marked ‘title’ and then also the box marked ‘article’.
Press the ‘Search’ button. See if you can identify any articles with a particularly historicist bent. B) In the box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the words ‘White’ and ‘Black’ and ‘England’. In the box marked ‘exact phrase’ enter ‘Seventeenth-century’. Press search and mba essay questions 2013, see what you get out. Try other, similar search terms. C) In the box marked ‘All of these words’ insert the word ‘Royalist’.
In the box marked ‘at least one of these words’ enter the words ‘print culture’. Perhaps limit to articles by checking the relevant tick box. Press search and see if any of to work those are useful. [you will see that sometimes you have to do some considerable sifting to find good things.] 2) The Modern Language Association of America database direct access from the Warwick network at: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/electronicresources/databases/#m. The bibliographic databases are listed alphabetically so scroll down to mba essay questions, ‘M’. Select ‘MLA’.
This will give you the reference only (although Warwick may provide a link to the on-line journal). Being Late To Work Essay! You may find that some of the things that are listed you won’t be able to essay kincaid girl, get because Warwick doesn’t subscribe to late to work, that journal or perhaps the item is a doctoral dissertation from that pay for essays, another institution. Don’t worry, you’re not expected to read everything under the late essay, sun. Leave those things that you can’t get. Try it out: put in the search terms ‘Aphra’, ‘Behn’ and ‘race’ into the keywords box. Statement Of Thesis! Press search and being essay, see what you get. 3) Historical abstracts: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/subjects/arts/elecresources/#databases_internet.
Again, use this database to help you compile a list of articles or books that you could look at when is war justified, either on-line, if Warwick has a link, or in the library. Ignore the things that you can’t get hold of. A) Put the search terms ‘restoration’, ‘race’ and ‘England’ into being late to work essay the keywords box. Press search. B) Put the search terms ‘early modern’ and ‘print culture’ into the keywords box. Press search. Again you will have to decide what’s useful / relevant.
4) Use the library catalogue, don’t limit yourself to books about English. Define! Put in search terms that will give you books on the historical background that you’re looking for. Once you have found one book on the shelf look around in that same area for being late to work, others that will be related by term jesus, subject. 5) Look on your reading list for general background books. CONSTRUCTING AN ARGUMENT. Producing a successful argument is a process that has a number of stages.
Often you will understand your argument better after you have started writing. It is important that you go back and re-plan your work, taking into account your new findings. You will need to being to work, develop a provisional thesis, however, so that you have somewhere to start: a focus for pizza essay, your close reading and research. You don’t need to argue that history is important for being, the study of literature. You can take that as a given and move on to say something a bit more sophisticated about how the define, particular poem / play or prose piece you’re working on being late essay intersects with a particular set of events or ideas in a specific historical moment.
A good argument should be fairly specific rather than general and pay for essays, comprehensive. In particular, when writing a historicist essay, do not list the ways in which one text is embedded in its period. Instead choose one of being those ways and research it in more depth. So, rather than writing about, say, Ben Jonson’s interest in Anabaptists, Spanishness, alchemy, the mba essay questions 2013, plague, etc in The Alchemist, choose one of late these themes and find out about it in the historiography of the seventeenth century and couple this research with a close reading of those sections of the play that treat that theme. Your readings of the text and the history of the times should suggest your detailed argument. Don’t think of your argument first and then try to press it onto the play or poem you’re interested in; allow your idea to grow out of your reading. Below is my best attempt at a LINE OF ARGUMENT for an essay on define statement of thesis Rochester and being late to work essay, Milton. Again, I should stress that this is only by essay, way of demonstration what I would do.
This is very different from what you would do. There is no one way and your ideas will be as interesting / valid as mine. Being Late To Work! Don’t think that you have to produce something the same, or even necessarily similar I have done this just to give you an example of what I mean. I have tried to essay on jamaica kincaid, construct an argument which uses both close reading and historical context. Imagining the future in the restoration: a critical comparison of the poetry of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester and John Milton. Line of being Argument: This essay will argue that Rochester’s poetry is not only everywhere fascinated by time, regularly exploring what it is and essay on jamaica girl, how it operates, but that this interest betrays his sophisticated engagement with contemporary political philosophy. It will closely interrogate the forms of several of being to work Rochester’s time-related poems for their political sensibilities. It will then contrast those poetic forms and political sensibilities with those in the poetry of mba essay John Milton and especially Paradise Regained.
Milton as I shall show with the use of historical evidence is very differently socially and politically placed, indeed at the other end of the ideological spectrum from the Earl of late essay Rochester. I shall show that the difference is 2013, one of dispossession (Rochester) and providence (Milton). To Work Essay! Rochester’s narrators exist in fear of, and subject to an arbitrary and absolute future; Milton’s Paradise Regained, on the other hand, asks an imagined republican reader to wait in anticipation of a future in which God will deliver their political success. I shall explore the way in which Rochester’s pessimism the idea and tone of dispossession in his poetry and Milton’s optimism the visionary quality of his providential allegory stand in contrast to statement of thesis, the respective fortunes of the late to work essay, political groups to when essay, which those poets actually belonged and at the particular times when the poems I’m discussing here were written and being to work essay, published: i.e. Rochester’s being part of the royal court and Milton’s being displaced from his office at the restoration of Charles II. This will arrive at, by way of conclusion, the demonstrable sadness of some of Rochester’s verse which indicates the complex circumspection with which he viewed his own aristocratic, political community and favorite food pizza essay, its limited expectations of to work essay monarchical authority. HELP FOR THIS PARTICULAR ASSESSMENT. Details of what you are expected to do are on the departmental website at: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/english/undergrad/modules/second/en228/assessedessay2/ There you will find a list of texts and details of how to find them on favorite pizza EEBO (Early English Books Online). Their website is at: http://eebo.chadwyck.com/home.
You need to download those texts, read them and then choose one to late to work, write about. You could also read the essays, published on the EEBO website, by previous Warwick students that have won prizes for their attempts at this assignment. http://www.lib.umich.edu/tcp/eebo/edu/edu_win_03.html. You might also use EEBO in term, your essay research. Try the subject list in particular. If you get yourself to the search form at late, http://eebo.chadwyck.com/search you can click on the link marked ‘select from a list’ next to the subject keyword box. When Is War Essay! This has all sorts of to work essay interesting categories: look up, for example, ‘anti-catholicism’ or ‘restoration’, ‘credit’ or ‘murder’.
I would like you to do what you can in terms of placing the text of your choice, and when is war essay, researching it. Essay! Then I’d like you to come and see me at is war essay, the end of term with a title and a line of argument. You could also, if you wish, bring a longer essay plan. This is Isabel talking to her group. We will all be available on email over the holidays--do ask.
Gabriel won't be here after the holidays--he lives in London--but do come and see me, his group, if you need a person to talk to. USING THE OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY. The OED can be found online (through the Warwick network) at http://www.oed.com. When we read an edited text we often have a helpful gloss which an editor has provided so that words and phrases that we don’t understand are defined for us. Being Late To Work Essay! In this assignment you will have to put together that gloss for yourself and the best way to start to do that is term jesus christ, with the OED.
The OED is an extraordinary resource that will give you assistance in all sorts of ways. For example: a) it will obviously help you to understand words which you don’t understand or unusual applications. It will also help you to find obsolete and to work, dialect words. b) it will help you to see how words have changed their meanings or emphases over time. c) it will help you to identify puns. There may be sexual or religious connotations to a particular word that we may have lost. 2013! Some times our modern definitions will co-exist with old, and now obsolete meanings. d) it will tell you the earliest use of a particular word.
This is useful for working out which of several definitions might apply to the word you’re looking at. Look at the examples, that is the quotations that are given, and note their dates. It may be that you find that the word was new or recently borrowed from another language. Click the ‘date chart’ button to see the to work essay, uses represented on a time line. It may be that you will find that a word is used differently and in different contexts at term paper, different points of the seventeenth century: what might the late essay, use of a particular word / phrase tell us about an author’s engagement with political, historical or sociological movements? e) Look at the etymology: this might tell you about how the text you’re looking at engages with particular fashions or imperial encounters. Look up, for example, ‘chocolate’ where does the word come from? At what period does it come into the language? f) the examples given in the dictionary will also help you to see how other contemporaries used the word or phrase you’re interested in, and in what sort of on jamaica kincaid contexts it came up. In this way it can operate as a concordance. You should investigate the concordances available in the library, by the way.
Similarly they will give you a sense of how a particular word or phrase is used elsewhere. You should use the OED not just to look up words that you don’t understand but also other words, especially those that are used in essay, an unfamiliar way. You will find more interesting things if you look up lexical, rather than grammatical words. That means verbs, adjectives, adverbs and nouns rather than prepositions, articles and pronouns. You need to remember that there was no standard spelling in define, the early modern period; the move to standardize spelling did not occur until the middle of the eighteenth century. Being Late Essay! This means that when you have a word you don’t understand it you may not get an adequate definition by putting it in questions, exactly as it is into the OED search box. Try that first but if it isn’t found, or you get a definition that is not right (i.e. the examples indicate that its earliest use was a lot later than your text) you should try different spellings. To Work Essay! In particular the justified essay, vowels are often interchangeable. Try every vowel combination that you can think of. Try substituting ts and cs, us and vs and other related consonants.
Try out the being late essay, OED. Look up the pay for, following words: how have their meanings have changed? Where do the words come from? How were the words used at different points in history? And in the seventeenth century in particular?
Department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, Humanities Building, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL.